Chillicothe | The City With a Future | City of Chillicothe, 1913 | Chillicothe & Livingston Co., 1916 | Photos |
Chillicothe, Missouri

The City With a Future
published in 1909

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    Being an illustrated sketch of its resources, industries, institutions and people, and a brief mention of its business firms whose enterprise, public spirit and liberality made this book possible. Compiled and edited by J. A. Perry. Photographs by Watton, Chillicothe. Engravings by Teachenor-Bartberger Engraving Company, Kansas City. Press of The Constitution, Chillicothe, Mo.

    Missouri--Is Surprising the World.

    It has only been shortly longer than a decade ago that the state of Missouri began to show the world that it was in active competition for the commercial honors that had for so long been shifted from one to the other of the various states of the East. In that short period of time the world has come to know that this state, misunderstood, misrepresented and ridiculed for a single and innocent reason, had suddenly entered the arena and was proving a factor in the commercial life of the nation. Back in the early days, darkened by the war that sundered family ties, drove men to desperate deeds and hampered the growth of more than one commonwealth, Missouri stood for years in the shadow of unjust and ridiculous prejudice. As the years have come and gone and the light of other days has faded, as the tide of immigration has directed its mighty waves to the West, the fields and woods and streams have been caught up and woven into the fabric of life. Missouri has at last come into her own and is today the focal point of the scientific farmer, the miner, the oilman, the capitalist and the manufacturer seeking an ideal and central location for the distribution of his product to the four Corners of the great and growing middle west. One can travel nearly five hundred miles in a straight course without going outside the boundaries of the state. And within this territory he can find almost any kind of country he cares for, with a corresponding diversity of landscape, climate, industry and resources. The section of Missouri north of the Missouri river is more like Iowa than any other state. Its broad, rich, Productive prairies are broken by just enough of timber, valley and stream to give it an aspect of completeness, material for building and industry, shade, natural beauty and an inexhaustible supply of water. Commercially speaking, it is the home of the big, red apple, luxuriant blue grass, mammoth corn, fat steers, sheep, hogs, well bred horses, big, brawny mules, and that queen of mortgage lifters, the Missouri hen. Manufacturing has made rapid progress in this country during the last quarter of a century, and beneath the surface are rich deposits of coal and other minerals. The population, in spite of the old granny yarns that are spun about the James Boys, is no longer distinguishable in point of intelligence, morality, progress or thrift from that of other Middle Western states, and its school and colleges are of the highest order and are attended by thousands.

    Every country where investors are invited is a good country on paper, and many of them, even in the more arid West, make good the promises of the promoters for limited periods. But we are writing of a country, not new so far as the test of its productiveness goes, nor yet old as regards the value of lands and congested industrial conditions. Agriculturally, these lands are the cream of the earth and their productiveness is not a matter to be settled by future experiment. In over seventy-five years they have never failed to bear a crop. In railway facilities, religious and educational development, this section ranks with Illinois, Iowa and Eastern Kansas. A mere foolish prejudice has retarded its higher commercial development, and the opportunities it offers are positively beyond hazard. Not an inch of Livingston county land will ever sell for a lower price than it sells for today. The pioneered period has passed. The time is ripe for the capitalist, the promoter and the located farmer.

    Here are some facts vouched for by the statisticians of the federal government and compiled by Walter Williams, regarding Missouri. The state is fifth of the union in population and fifth in material wealth. It has a larger permanent school fund than any state. It has two percent more children in school than the average state and four percent fewer illiterates. Seventy percent of its population was born in Missouri, and only seven percent is foreign-born. It outranks all neighboring states in farm homes free of encumbrances. Pick twenty leading products of the United States and six states that lead in each, and Missouri is one state of every six. Missouri produces one-tenth of all the corn grown in the world and one-twelfth of the wheat. It produces more than double as much poultry as the average state. There are over one-third more apple trees in Missouri than in any other state and its fruit crop is the largest in the Union. Half the entire state is underlined with coal. Missouri supports more cities of over 100,000 inhabitants than any other state save four. It has larger bank deposits per capita than any neighboring state. More magazines are circulated in Missouri in proportion to population than in Massachusetts. There is a newspaper published in Missouri that has a larger circulation in proportion to population than any newspaper in the entire world. More books are taken out and read from the libraries in Kansas City than in Boston. Unparalleled resources, material prosperity, healthful and varied climate and a quiet, law abiding and progressive people, make North Missouri the richest section of this great state fit to be known as Cod's country. If you are a farmer seeking improved conditions and a greater opportunity in life; if you are a manufacturer desiring to enlarge your field of operations, and wishing to get within easier reach of raw materials on the one hand and the markets on the other; if you are a man of family, seeking to give your children the best social and educational advantages; if you are a capitalist, anxious for the most profitable investment - no matter what your aims or purposes in life, you can do not better than visit Chillicothe, the most important city in this section and "be shown" what opportunities await you here.

    In North Central Missouri, almost midway between the great Mississippi and Missouri River Valleys lies a tract where Mother Nature in one of her rare moods of unrestrained generosity has want only showered her choicest bounties. healthful climate, a soil of such remarkable fertility as almost to surpass belief, beautiful scenery, stores of coal, brick shale and other natural resources, forests of timber of immense value, streams of pure water and a contented, progressive people - such, in the fewest possible words, is the condition in the valley of the Grand River in Livingston county, Missouri.

    Here nature herself seems to be shouting forth a pean of joy. As you gaze across this beautiful valley and view the river winding in and out among fertile fields while all about you are the substantial and well kept farm houses with their barns and granaries bursting with the golden corn and green timothy, herds of sleek cattle, horses and mules, fat swine and flocks of thoroughbred poultry, the black loam of Mother Earth breathing forth its primeval invitation to work, one unconsciously feels that here indeed is God's Country.

    If one were ever justified in lauding the possibilities of any land or section, he is certainly justified in giving this beautiful valley and its throbbing, wide-awake heart, the progressive city of Chillicothe, a full need of praise. The stimulus of a growing city is conducive to creative work and to the nourishment of all that is best in human nature. In our optimistic, Western hopefulness and gladness surely no trace of selfishness can be held against us, for irresistibly, it seems, we must call aloud to all who will listen to come and share with us these rarest of nature's gifts.

    The object of this booklet is to tell the world something of these conditions that others may know and enjoy, if they will, this garden spot of Missouri. We who live here know of no place so attractive - none with greater possibilities and have heard of no city whose immediate future looks so bright as that of Chillicothe, the railroad center and coming factory city of North Missouri.

    In telling the story here, we have endeavored rather to underestimate than to exaggerate, knowing that so much can be said of the possibilities, that the plain, unvarnished truth would seem to many an exaggeration. With the three trunk lines of railroad crossing here, fifty trains a day, the proposed central power plant for a radiating system of state girdling trolleys, three factories in course of erection and many more contemplated and a citizenship that stands united for municipal improvement, Chillicothe will double her population in the next five years. This is not a possibility, but a cold - no, let us say it is a warm, glowing fact. It is not the assertion of a resident optimist but the opinion of a non - resident who has seen many cities and has learned to appreciate the forces and the advantages that go to make up an onward movement in municipalities. In the past, in spite of some circumstances that have been disadvantageous, Chillicothe has steadily grown, while other cities have stood still. The tide of immigration to the southwest has affected this as all other parts of Missouri, but in the place of those who have gone to Oklahoma and Texas have come home-builders and progressive farmers and business men from the neighboring states of Illinois and Iowa, who have selected Chillicothe and the surrounding country as the best place in all the world to find a home and to make a living, coming not as a crowd of homesteaders nor as one who seeks something for nothing, in a wild race for gain, but coming in their mature judgment to select this as the place above all others as a permanent home for themselves and families. That they have not chosen unwisely the things that are shown herein are ample evidence. Chillicothe stands today the ideal home town of the country, with all the advantages and environments that go to make life happy and prosperous.

    Chillicothe-The City with a Future.

    It would be a waste of valuable space to give a complete history or a partial one of this county and city, suffice it to say that the early settlers were of the hardy, frugal stock that came from Kentucky, Tennessee, Illinois and other Eastern states and their stories of the quest for material prosperity read very much the same as those of other settlers of other parts of this great commonwealth. From ante-bellum days to about two years ago, the history of Chillicothe was one of common-place events such as mark the slow growth of the ordinary city of 10,000. Then came the awakening. Chillicothe woke up to the fact that she had a future and that it was her three trunk lines of railroad, her natural resources, her favorable manufacturing location that was attracting the eye of outsiders.

    Commercial clubs were formed, factories invited to come and the citizens as a unit studied the municipal improvement question as they did their Bibles. Miles of street paving were laid, almost every residence street in the city has cement walks, the spirit of improvement and progress, backed by civic pride, became contagious with the result that many factories located in the pretty little city, more are in course of erection and still more will be made welcome. Those already here are shown in this booklet and we leave it to the judgment of the reader as to the reasonableness of our prediction that the population of Chillicothe will double in the next five years. Chillicothe is the home of nearly three hundred traveling men. This is a significant fact and is as important to the manufacturer as to the man who must have many trains in many directions from his home town. The Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway main line runs through Chillicothe from Chicago to Kansas City and at the present time there is every reason to believe that this company will move its division shops here in the near future. The Burlington system main line from Hannibal, St. Louis and Eastern points to Kansas City and the West, also adds many trains a day in both directions while the Wabash, provides a direct line from St. Louis to Omaha. Twenty-four passenger trains at all hours of the day and night and thirty freight trains, some carrying passengers, provide unexcelled transportation facilities for both passenger and shipper.

    Chillicothe has no "blue stocking" residence district. The first thing that strikes the stranger on his tour of the city is the fact that almost every street boasts its beautiful residences. These however, do not detract from the cozy and sightly, yet less pretentious cottages which everywhere impress the visitor with an air of substantial comfort and plenty, a "homey" feeling that creates a desire to own one and become a resident of the promising city.

    Her streets are broad and straight, well paved and bordered with great trees and each householder takes pride in keeping lawn and parkway up to a high standard. Chillicothe is heartily democratic; politically, it is almost evenly divided. A census gives the population as 8,500, but the increase has been substantial since the advent of the factories and other commercial and industrial enterprises.

    Chillicothe has long been noted as a city of beautiful churches. It is a city, also where the spirit of church unity prevails, and where the church people exert a powerful influence. There are two Catholic churches here, St. Columban's and St. Joseph's, while the Protestants have churches of the following denominations: Methodist Episcopal, Methodist Episcopal, South; Baptist, Christian, Presbyterian Episcopal, Free Methodist and Christian Union, while the colored people support churches of the Methodist and Baptist denominations. Some of these churches are unusually handsome structures for a city of this size. In connection with St. Columban's Catholic church is maintained the Franciscan monastery, where are located a number of brothers of the Franciscan order. Not far from this church is located St. Mary's Hospital, which is maintained by the Catholic sisterhood, and which has been added to and extended until today it is the largest in North Missouri. Here the sick of all creeds and no creed are cared for. The sisters make no distinction, and care annually for more Protestants and non-believers than they do for Catholics. Patients from other cities are always to be found there. The interior of St. Columban's church is especially beautiful, with handsome statues and frescoes and other decorations. St. Joseph's church, being that of a newer and not so numerous congregation, is not so large or so elaborately decorated as St. Columban's but is a commodious and well appointed structure. Nearby Is the residence of the rector.

    Of the Protestant churches, the Presbyterian, the two Methodist, Baptist and Christian have large brick houses of worship, the two Methodist and Baptist churches having been recently built. Grace Episcopal church is a frame structure, but is noted for the loveliness of its interior. The other churches are frame and less pretentious. With one or two exceptions, these churches are supplied with pipe organs adding materially to their services. The church spirit in Chillicothe is not an exclusive one. Rich and poor alike are welcome at any congregation and strangers are given a hearty welcome. All branches of church work are maintained and much charitable work is done.

    Both Chillicothe and Livingston county are without saloons, having voted them out in February, 1908. The vote against the sale of liquor in the city and county was so decisive that there was no mistaking public sentiment, and thirteen saloons were closed in the city of Chillicothe as a result. The buildings that these saloons occupied are now filled with other business houses. Two of the rooms were bought by a candy factory, which does both a manufacturing and jobbing business. Others have been taken by new retail establishments and business has continued constantly on the increase. The moral tone of the city is on a high plane. Arrests by the police are few and far between and criminal costs in the county are at a minimum, while the community is remarkably free from crime and peace disturbances of any kind.

    Our public school system is a constant source of pride to the citizens of Chillicothe. In no place can there be found a stronger or more wholesome school sentiment and the work Is perfectly organized in every department. No high school in Missouri, or the entire country, does higher or better work. Its work is recognized by all the leading colleges and universities so that students who complete the work are admitted to them without examination. A large number of its graduates are now' pursuing work, in these higher institutions of learning and many of the alumni are numbered among the most prominent citizens of the state and the entire West. The High school has an enrollment of 214 pupils and seven teachers have charge of the work. The high school building was erected in 1901 at a cost of $25,000 and is a beautiful modern structure, convenient in every way. Its laboratories have the best modern equipment and are complete to the minuest detail. The library, which contains 8,000 volumes of well selected books, is recognized without question, as being the best High school library in Missouri.

    There are four ward schools for grade pupils only. The central school is a large, imposing building of three stories with twelve recitation rooms. Mr. E. A. Scott is principal of the First Ward school; Mr. O. A. Harvey of the Second Ward; Mr. J. J. Jordan of the Central and Miss Daisy White of the Fourth Ward. The Garrison school for colored pupils, is located in the Southeast part of the city and is presided over by Mr. W. V. Williams. Thirty-four teachers are employed in the public schools and the entire system is under the able supervision of Mr. A. R. Co-burn, who has by faithful, efficient and intelligent work placed the public schools of Chillicothe on a par with any in the state.

    Picturesquely located on an ideal site at the Southwestern limits of the city is a group of buildings constituting the State Industrial Home For Girls. This institution was established in the Year 1887 with the building of the Marmaduke Cottage and as the demand for additional room grew the several cottages were added, together with the school and chapel building and the recently completed Administration building. Each cottage contains a "family" of girls, the inmates being selected according to cause of commitment, age, disposition, schooling, etc., which classification works for the benefit of the many and the morale and uplift of the individuals. The Home now contains over two hundred and seventy girls, between the ages of nine and seventeen years, who have been committed until the age of twenty-one for various infractions of the laws, and for other reasons, by the courts of the state. Many of the Penal, as well as eleemosynary institutions of this and other states might benefit by the adoption of many of the innovations in system and discipline introduced by the present superintendent, Mrs. A, M. Clay. It is through her efforts that the institution is now, for the first time in its history, what it was intended to be, a reformatory institution where the erring and wayward and unfortunate girl of tender years was given the moral and religious training and the encouragement and strength which restored her to society and the state. When the reins of government were given into her hands in 1907, Mrs. Clay proceeded to inaugurate an entirely new system. The old regime and the old methods were superseded by more modern and effective ones entirely original with Mrs. Clay. Officers, teachers, board of control and superintendent were brought in perfect harmony and the management of the institution has been of such a nature as to entirely change the standing of the home in the courts and with the people of the state. The girls are first assigned to the most menial of employment and every three months the industrial work is changed, provided, the girl has acquitted herself creditably, and she is given an opportunity for instruction in another branch. This applies to all work - laundry, room work, bread making, cooking and sewing, except the latter which takes nine to twelve months. In connection with their other work the girls who show an aptitude are given instructions in a business course of shorthand, bookkeeping, typewriting, etc. A comprehensive library filled with the best books is at the disposal of the inmates and under the present administration an orchestra and choir have been organized which furnish a constant source of pleasure to the girls. Their physical development is also a matter of importance and it is an inspiring sight to witness the lawns dotted with groups of enthusiastic, blue uniformed girls, happy and heartily enjoying the healthy outdoor exercises such as tennis, baseball, etc. Sunday services are held regularly with the resident ministers alternating in the morning and the Sabbath School in charge of the Superintendent, who believes thoroughly in the practical application of the Golden Rule, or as she says "The Square Deal" method. The present corps of officers is the most loyal and harmonious in the history of the institution and is doing a noble work in the up-building of character in the unfortunate victims of circumstance whom they receive at a tender age and for whose future they are largely responsible.

    In the matter of public utilities, Chillicothe is far and away ahead of many cities of her size. The Chillicothe Water Company erected its plant and established mains twenty-two years ago and has kept pace with the development of the city year by year. The power plant and pumping station is located on the banks of the Grand River, about two miles south of the city near the Airline bridge and the water of the Grand River is pumped into a huge reservoir of 1,000,000 gallons capacity, where it is aerated and clarified before being pumped into the city mains. There are two separate sets of Worthington pumps to perform the work, of 1,000,000 gallons capacity each in the pump pit for raising the water from the river to the reservoir, and, another set of two of 1,500,000 gallons each, fitted with compound steam cylinders and fisher automatic governors to maintain a direct pressure on the city mains. These pumps are driven by the steam from a battery of three boilers of 125 H. P. each. There is also a modern system of fire nozzles and hydrants at the plant. The equipment consists of 185 fire hydrants and sixteen miles of mains which furnish water to 840 consumers and the water rates are lower than most other towns in the state. A 10,000,000 gallon reservoir is contemplated for the near future to insure adequate supply for the growing city. The company supplies the three railroads, the Industrial Home and many other public institutions besides maintaining a direct hydrant pressure of 65 pounds at all times. When a fire occurs, word is sent to the plant and until further orders a pressure of 100 pounds to the square inch is put on with the relief pumps which will throw a one inch stream through eight lines of hose over the tallest building in the city. The efficiency of the water plant was satisfactorily demonstrated recently at an incendiary fire in a group of old buildings when the pressure tore out the sides of the burning buildings and kept the surrounding buildings out of danger. Mr. F. B. Wheeler is the manager of the company and has at all times been in touch with the needs of the community and the individual consumers.

    The plant of the Peoples Gas and Electric Company, illustrated herewith, is one of the most efficient plants in Missouri. Perfect service and reasonable rates per kilowatt have won a large list of consumers, good management and courtesy are keeping them and adding to the list daily. No small credit for the efficiency of the electric service is due to the fact that the same engineer has been in charge of the machines for the past six years and the same electrician has superintended the plant and equipment for the past eighteen years. The company furnishes power and light at a figure lower than St. Louis or Chicago and is equipped to supply manufacturers with all the power needed. The plant is located in the Eastern part of the city and the offices and showrooms are at 712 Locust street.

    The farmer or breeder of fine horses who reads this booklet will no doubt be attracted by the photographs of the fine animals in the breeding establishment of I. W. Everson, which is located at the Western edge of the city. The picture of the great Belgian stallion, Beau Lys II, gives but a faint idea of the fine points of this individual. He 18 an almost perfect specimen of the Belgian and was imported in 1907. He is a bright bay six years old and weighs 2800 pounds. His number in the B. S. B. is 41854 and his pedigree shows him to be of the blood royal of the equine world. Another animal that has no equal in the state of Missouri, which is said by competent horsemen to be one of the best of his class is the jack, Senator La Follette, 50,422. He is a gray, four years of age and stands sixteen hands high, Perfect mannered and of great bone and substance, he is of untold value in a section noted for its extra fine mules. Mr. Everson is also the owner of a Percheron, the imported black stallion, Elance, 60,685, which is also an exceptionally good specimen of his race.

    Some idea of the volume of business done in Chillicothe is shown by the receipts of the local post-office, which are the largest in this congressional district. In 1908 they amounted to $20,491,37, and will show an increase for this year. The postmaster is John L. Schmitz, the assistant is Preston Randolph. There are five clerks, five city carriers and seven rural carriers employed. The rural routes traverse 167 miles and there are 18,000 patrons of the post-office. The Government has recently purchased a site at the corner of Clay and Locust streets for a post-office building. It is expected that Congress will vote an appropriation of from $75,000 to $100,000 for a building and it is possible that a term of United States court will be awarded this city.

    In 1886 L. J. and Louis Jarrett obtained a twenty-five year franchise from the city of Chillicothe permitting them to erect a telephone plant. This was started with sixteen 'phones. Five years later it was sold to Col. W. B. Leach and Dr. A. W. McArthur. At this time all patents were owned by the Bell telephone company and a few years later Col. Leach was one will meet the further needs of the company. A full multiple common capacity of 2400 lines, with dynamo and engines to furnish their own struction is a full cable multiple distribution. The phones are of the of the first telephone men to break away and purchase independent apparatus, putting in a new board of the American Electric Company. The growth of the plant continued steadily and in 1908 the switchboard was again renewed, Leach and McArthur purchasing a Stromberg-Carlson Visual Signal Board. In December, 1904, Dr. McArthur's interest was sold to W. H. Ellett and C. L. Waite. A company was organized and the property incorporated for $40,000.00. P. F. Romeiser was elected president, B. N. Stevens, vice-president, W. H. Ellett, treasurer, R. L. Rawlins, secretary. A new departure was then made by this company, toll lines being acquired to all points in the county and every effort made to enlarge and improve the service in the city and surrounding country. So successful was this effort that in order to meet the demands and needs of the increased growth, the capital stock of the company was again increased in December, 1908, to $50,000.00 and bonds issued to the amount of $85,000 and C. L. Waite was selected for manager; All of this capital has been furnished by Livingston county people, the company now being represented by nearly fifty of the leading business men and farmers of this community. With this new capital the plant is being completely overhauled and an office building has been erected that battery Stromberg-Carlson switchboard of an ultimate power and light has been installed. The outside con-Stromberg-Carlson's new metal type. Everything is being put up in first class condition and no expense has been spared to make this the best independent plant in Missouri.

    "Gunby". The name has been familiar to Chillicotheans ever since the early seventies when Mr. W. S. Gunby came to this city and associated himself with the Smith & McVey Dry Goods Co. His rise has been by his own efforts and is the reward of a hustler who gives every one the square deal. He is now at the head of the Gunby Realty company, one of the largest real estate, loan, abstract and insurance concerns in the state. This company does an extensive business in the sale of lands in the West and Southwest and locates the small investor as well as the large one. Corn lands are also handled, the farm land department of. the business being in the competent care of Mr. Charles E. McWilliams, who is an expert in soils and is familiar with land values throughout the Central west. The loan department-of this firm is unique in that many persons, both men and women, send their money to Mr. Gunby to loan as he thinks best. You can not only get home money from this firm, but corporation money as well and every detail of your business receives the closest attention. The abstract department is the hands of an expert abstractor and assures quick, yet accurate service and neat work. Insurance is also a feature at the business that receives the attention of a specialist and the home of the company is well located on the ground floor of the Gunby building, on Washington street. It is one of the most complete of its kind in the city and contains every requisite for the expedition of the firm's business. A large fireproof safety deposit vault, which contains many 1ock boxes, is used by the Public for the safety of valuable papers. Everything is conveniently arranged for the accommodation of their patrons and the firm stands with the highest in financial rating. They are safe people with whom to correspond on matters pertaining to real estate.

    Many people do not realize the value and importance of an abstract of title to real estate. No one should purchase a piece of real estate, nor lend money thereon, without first having been furnished with an abstract of title showing good title to the property in question. The abstract should be prepared by an expert abstractor, one who is the owner of a complete set of abstract books, and is careful and painstaking in his work. In this connection, we desire to call attention to the firm of Gill & Ryan, Abstractors, Real Estate, Loan and Insurance Agents. This office was first established in the early sixties by .Daniel G. Saunders, the originator of the Saunders system of Abstracts, and is one of the oldest established businesses in North Missouri. Messrs, Gill & Ryan are experts in. their line of business, as is attested by the large volume of business transacted by this firm. This firm is among the list of abstractors approved by the Prudential, Union Central, and other large Life Insurance Companies, loaning money in North Missouri, and all business intrusted to their care is assured prompt and careful attention, This firm is also the leading Farm Loan firm in this section of the state, and has within the last six months, loaned more money than all other Livingston County agents combined. Gill & Ryan represent nine of the largest fire insurance companies in the world. The Sun Insurance Office represented by this firm, is the oldest insurance company in the world, having been established in 1710. They also furnish surety bonds in one of the safest companies doing business. The real estate department of this firm is deserving of especial mention. They have a large list of fine Missouri farms at bargain prices, and have, also, a large list of bargains in Western lands far sale and fear exchange fear lands in Missouri. The offices of this firm, on the North side of the square, ground floor, are among the most up-to-date to be found in the West.

    Should the reader of this booklet become interested in the manifold opportunities offered in Chillicothe and Livingston county, we would strongly advise him to correspond with one or more of the various real estate dealers mentioned herein. Should you wish to know more of the bargains offered in farm or city property, get in touch with the man who has thorough knowledge of land values in this section; who prizes his reputation as a square dealer and is financially responsible to make good his word; who, if merely acting as agent, is content with a reasonable commission. A man with these qualities is a safe man to do business with and will advise you honestly. The proper agent can do much for the buyer. He will have a list of farms of all sizes and at different prices. Hence he can give you what you want or else tell you so at the start. He will show you over these properties at his own expense and can secure you better prices than if you did business direct with the owner. It is a fact that two farmers, especially if from different localities, have the greatest difficulty in getting together on a deal. The right agent will spend as much time listing a farm at the right price as he will take to sell it realizing that a piece of property listed at the right price is half sold. The agent, being permanently in business; cannot take more than a legitimate commission. He must look to his reputation, which alone will assure him a continuous and profitable business. At times the agent is of inestimable value in closing a deal, smoothing out the slight differences, advancing money at times to make the deal materialize, using his knowledge and position for the securing of a loan at an advantageous rate of interest on the place and in many other ways being of the greatest advantage to the prospective buyer. Keep away from the "dinky" dealer, who maintains no permanent office and has no standing in the community. Write for ' information to any legitimate dealer and you will have the satisfaction of knowing that you are dealing with people who stand high in the community. There is something in the magic word "success", which creates a desire for association. We are pointed out a man on the street who is said to be a big success and we turn and scrutinize the man whose name is linked with the magic word. We are told that a certain firm has made a success of their line and we immediately form a resolve to deal with that firm. The mystery of the magic word is found in the fact that a man or firm who has made a success of his or their business must have the confidence of the public and is a safe proposition.

    The Broyles Land Company, of Chillicothe, is one of the biggest successes in Missouri. Being associated in many of the largest deals in this section, the firm has now listed on its books some of the choicest farm and city property as well as attractive investment and income property both in Chillicothe and Livingston county. Besides this, they are also extensive dealers in Missouri, Texas, Kansas and Oklahoma lands in tracts of from six to 30,000 acres. The officers of the company have a thorough knowledge of land values, both in this section and in other states and are constantly in touch with the markets of all the important centers. Their offices in the Beasley building are the most elegantly and completely equipped of any real estate firm in the Middle West, every known device for the filing and recording of transfers, letters of inquiry, insurance papers, deeds, loans and the business of non-residents is to be found here which insures the buyer, seller, borrower and investor a complete record of every transaction and enables the firm to expedite deals which otherwise might become tiresome to all concerned. The illustrations of the interior furnishings of these offices gives but a faint idea of their beauty and value, every comfort for the visiting customer has been provided for and privacy is assured all who confer with the officials on confidential affairs. The Broyles Land company stands high In the confidence of Chillicotheans and the long list of satisfied customers who have dealt with this firm. They issue an attractive little booklet, describing some of the properties they have for sale, but as the list is changing all the time new tracts being added, old ones sold and prices advanced they prefer to have prospective buyers write them, giving an outline of what is wanted number of acres, improvements, distance from schools, towns, etc. and they will cheerfully submit a number of descriptions covering as nearly as possible what is wanted.

    No person ever visited the city of Chillicothe without having been impressed with the novel advertising of Bazel J. Meek, of the B. J. Meek Land Company. He has been one of the most liberal and extensive advertisers the state has ever known and the name has become synonymous with land bargains. Mr. Meek has been associated with some of the most extensive land deals in this state and is particularly familiar with land values in this section. At present his company is almost exclusively interested in the great drainage canals which will shortly reclaim some 60,000 acres of the richest bottom lands in Livingston county, which means the best corn land in the entire world. The company owns its own dredge boat which is illustrated showing the work in progress on the great Sampsel ditch which will open for cultivation thousands of acres of land that will produce on an average better then one hundred bushels of corn to the acre. The Meek Land Company also deals in city real estate and no man in the city is better qualified to advise on the value of a parcel of city property than B. J. Meek.

    A square deal for every man and a thousand satisfied customers who nave found this company, to live up to the letter of its agreements, is the record to which its officers point with justifiable pride. Corn Lands are the specialty of this company at the present. time and farmers from Illinois, Iowa and other corn growing states will learn of some grand opportunities by corresponding with Mr. Meek before all these rich bottom lands are sold.

    Douglas Stewart is the owner of the original Abstract Books for Livingston County, Missouri, and furnishes up to date abstracts. Farm loans are the leading line of his business. His firm has been in the loan business since 1867, and no investor has ever suffered the loss of a dollar on money loaned through this firm. Mr. Stewart maintains that a mortgage secured by a North Missouri farm is just as safe, and pays better than a Government Band. Mr. Stewart has clients in almost all parts of the United States for wham he makes farm loans. If you have money to invest in securities, first: investigate Mr. Stewart; then the securities he offers and you will become one of his clients. Besides the extensive loan and abstract business conducted by Mr. Stewart, he also conducts an insurance and real estate agency, He is familiar with values and will furnish information on inquiry as to climate, soils, crops, and other things you may desire to ask him about. His son, Douglass Stewart, Jr., is associated with him in the capacity of attorney.

    One of the strongest financial institutions in North Missouri is the First National Bank, situated at the Northeast corner of the square and occupying its own substantial building of pleasing architectural design. Twenty-one years of continued success marks the history of this bank which was originally organized in January, 1887, with a capital of $60,000 and with the following board of directors: J. M. Davis, Charles B. Hurxthal, George Milbank, A. Lowenstein, Millard Timbrook, G. G. Brown, J. M, Voris, R. R. Kitt and R. Wells. The first officers were: J. M. Davis, president; A. Johnson, cashier; George Milbank, vice-president and J. W. Hyde, assistant cashier. On January 2nd, 1906, the capital was increased to $100,000 with a surplus of $20,000 and on January 22nd, 1907, the charter was extended for a period of twenty years. Increasing business demanded more spacious quarters and in 1906 the present location was purchased upon which was erected the handsome structure shown in the illustrations. The interior of the banking rooms is furnished with the most modern equipment of bank furniture for the convenience of both officers, employes and customers. The vaults and specie safe are both fire and burglar proof and are safeguarded with the most up-to-date system of protection. The safety deposit boxes are a special feature of the institution that appeals to its customers as a safe place for valuable papers and jewelry. The bank's long record of success has been most satisfactory from the viewpoint of stockholder, director, officer and patron and the last statement is the best ever made in its history. The present officers are: T. C. Beasley, president, John T. Milbank, vice-president; J. B. Brookshier, cashier, Karl M. Blanchard, assistant cashier; H. K. Rockhold, bookkeeper: Directors; E. Kirtley, J. T. Milbank, Ira G. Hedrick, S. O. Glore, J. A. Field, A. J. Hedrick, F, B. Wheeler, Homer Kessler and T. C. Beasley. The following is a statement of the condition of the bank as made to the Comptroller of the Currency, February 5th, 1909: RESOURCES - Loans & Discounts, $309,554.20; U. S. Bonds.and Premiums, $103,000; County Warrants, $10,992.66; Real estate, Furn. and Fixtures, $36,360.32; Cash and Sight Exchange, $115,628.11; Total Resources, $575,535.29. LIABILITIES - Capital Stock, $100,000.00; Surplus and Undivided, Profits $28,268.01; Circulation, $98,700.00; Dividends Unpaid $356.00; Deposits, $348,211.28; Total Liabilities, '$575,535.29, With ample resources and the management of the affairs of the bank in the hands of experienced and conservative officials the institution invites the accounts of firms, corporations and individuals and extends every accommodation and courtesy consistent with sound and safe banking methods. Non-residents will find that their financial affairs will be handled by this institution confidentially and safely.

    On May 29th, 1909, the charter of the Citizens National Bank was extended for a further term of twenty years. The history of this, the youngest bank in Chillicothe, presents some interesting features. When it was organized in the spring of 1889 the officers were Thomas McNally, president, L. A. Chapman, vice-president; W. W. Edgerton, cashier', and F. E. Riley, assistant cashier. Mr. McNally served as president until his death In January, 1899, when Dr. Edgerton was chosen to succeed birn, the cashier then being Preston Randolph. When Mr. Randolph resigned his position in November, 1901, R. F. McNally was elected cashier and still holds this office. In the course of years the steadily increasing business of the bank had grown to such proportions that the original quarters were entirely inadequate. So in 1907, the building, which is owned by the bank, was re-modeled and the banking rooms re-equipped with the idea of providing for the present and future needs of the institution. As a result, this bank has today the reputation of being as beautifully and completely equipped as any country bank in the West. Durability and convenience have chiefly been sought after, and especially worthy of notice are the vaults which are absolutely impregnable. The safe deposit boxes are finding a ready rental with the residents of Livingston county, and the business of the bank, in all respects, has shown a most satisfactory increase since the improvements were made. This bank enjoys the distinction of being one of the few country banks that have been designated by the national government as United States depositaries. The officers are W. W. Edgerton, president; Jos. C. Minteer, vice-president; R. F. McNally, cashier, and J. M. Dunn, assistant cashier. The directors are Wm. McIlwrath, I. M. Timbrook, Jos. C. Minteer, W. W. Edgerton, C. F. Adams, W. T. Ford and R. F. McNally. The first four named have served on the directorate since the organization of the bank. The following is a statement of the bank made to the Comptroller of the Currency, February 5th, 1909: RESOURCES_Loans, $489,001.34; Overdrafts, $264.71; U. S. and other bonds, $207,475.91; Real Estate, $34,000.00; Cash and Exchanges, $141,923.95; Total Resources, $872,665.91. LIABILITIES - Capital Stock, $150,000.00; Surplus, $30,000.00; Undivided Profits, $1,972.60; circulation, $148,000.00; Deposits, $542,693.31;Total Liabilities, $872,665.91.

    About the first thing a Chillicothe-an boasts of when engaged in conversation outside his own bailiwick is the strength and remarkable conditions of the city's financial institutions. Few indeed are the institutions designated as "country banks" that can show anything near the healthy condition or the amount of deposits as do the banks of Chillicothe when called upon by the examiners or comptroller. Established in 1866, the Peoples Savings Bank, a successor to the branch of the old State Bank of Missouri, began business as the city's first bank. John B. Leeper, father of Andrew Leeper, of this city,. was president of the first institution during its entire . existence. Many are the interesting bits of local history connected with this bank. In the year 1874, a robbery of the bank was attempted and frustrated only after one of the men engaged in the attempt had been killed and several others captured. It is believed also that members of the James boys' gang of bank robbers visited the bank in the year 1882, for the purpose of planning one of their characteristic raids. A sentimental feeling for the companion of their boyhood days, Frank Sheetz, whose name was connected with the bank, is believed to have caused them to change their plans. Yet during all these years of turmoil and panic the integrity of the institution or its officers was never questioned. The confidence of the public in its stability was as well founded as the Rock of Gibraltar and has never waned. While neither the interior nor exterior of this institution is illustrated herewith, those interested would be attracted could we but present a camera reproduction of the earnings of the stock. Safe and sane banking methods and the investment of capital in local enterprises have earned for the Peoples Savings bank an unique position, one that is attractive to the conservative investor who wants a safe yet satisfactory return for his money. Large and small deposits are solicited and the officers will be found always the same, courteous, conservative, and confidential, extending to all alike the accommodations consistent with safe banking principles. The present capital. and surplus of the bank is $75,000. Mr. W. H. Ellett is the present president and has been connected with the bank for the past 10 years. His son, A. M. Ellett, is cashier and Mr. R. Hawkins, who has been associated with the institution since 1876, is vice-president. This bank throughout its long career has performed an important part in the commercial history of Livingston county and this section of North Missouri. The following gentlemen, in the order named, have served the Peoples Savings Bank as president; James McFerren, Sidney McWilliams, Frank Sheetz and W. H. Ellett, the present incumbent.

    In placing before the world s comprehensive picture story of Chillicothe and Livingston county, we illustrate the law library of the firm of J. M. Davis and Sons for the reason that it is the largest private law library in the West. The senior member of the firm, Judge J. M. Davis, started the library some fifty years ago and to it has constantly added the latest reports and authorities until at the present time the library contains over thirty-seven hundred volumes. In this collection are many books of priceless value and which it would be hard to duplicate, As a reference library, it has no equal in the entire West. Nestor of the Livingston county bar, Judge Davis' long and brilliant career as a lawyer and judge places him among the foremost attorneys of the state. In all the long years he has been in the limelight of public life, not a breath of suspicion nor a shadow of distrust has fallen upon his name. Associated with Judge Davis are his two sons, Arch B. Davis, and W. W. Davis. The former has for many years been one of the foremost trial lawyers in North Missouri and practiced in the courts of many counties, as well as in the higher courts. W. W. Davis attends to the business affairs of the firm, his labors having been attended with great success.

    Chillicothe is being led out of her darkness by the light of her furnace fires and the great smoke pennant floating from the towering stack of the Chillicothe Brick & Tile Co.'s plant wig-wags the signal of "plenty of work and the full dinner pail" to many laborers. The present capacity of the plant is 20,000 brick a day and a corresponding quantity of tile. Messrs Frank Way, Adam Saale and Frank Pierson are the proprietors of the plant, which is only 5 years old, yet has orders ahead at the present time to keep the kilns at full capacity for an indefinite period and most of the product is contracted for buildings now in course of erection in Chillicothe. It is one of the largest manufacturing institutions in the city and the shale beds are practically inexhaustible.

    In this age of progress and rivalry it is no small matter to produce a machine that will meet the demands of the hour and carry off the laurels in competition with any. Mechanical genius, close study of imperfections and an inventive mind have enabled Mr. M. R. Jenkins to do this. The Jenkins Hay Rake and Stacker company, organized in 1889, was formerly located at Browning, Mo., but the increasing business demanded more room and better facilities for the distribution of the products manufactured and the plant was moved to Chillicothe in 1907. Mr. Jenkins Is one of the pioneers in the Invention of sweep hay rakes and stickers having received his first patent on them in 1880, and for many years the company has enjoyed a steadily increasing trade in its line. Their stackers and rakes are given first place with the trade in comparison with any on the market and have won their way into the firm favor of an army of farmers and dealers throughout the world. The product of the factory is handled by the Moline Plow Company and that great firm's many branches. Their machines rest on merit alone and merit has made them famous. The Jenkins Automatic Swinging Hay Stacker is an entirely new departure in the line of swinging stackers and has many new and patented features not found in others. It is Automatic in every way, performing within itself every action that other stackers re- quire a man to do for them. The plant is a model of Twentieth Century enterprise and a living evidence of what well directed energy and business economy can accomplish, The new factory is built of concrete and brick and is 150x225 feet in dimension and contains 25,-000 square feet of floor space. The various departments, wood working shop, paint shop, foundry, machine shop, engine rooms and offices are separated by fire proof walls. The company has its own power plant and every piece of machinery, which by the way is all of the company's own special design, is equipped with individual electric motors, enabling any part to be operated independently. The plant, which is the most complete of its kind in the state of Missouri, is located at the southeast corner of the city 'and is connected by its own tracks with the three trunk lines of railroad that cross at Chillicothe. The company has a bright future and Chillicothe is proud of this, her first big factory. Those who have watched the development of the business predict many additions to the plant at a not far distant date. At present the company employs from fifty to one hundred men and it has been a valuable addition to the commercial and social life of this city.

    The firm of Brownfield & Hubbard, manufacturers and wholesalers of confectionery and ice cream and jobbers of chewing gum and cigars, was established some fifteen years ago in a store building on North Washington street. Recently the firm purchased the three buildings on West Jackson street which they now occupy and remodeled them into factory, storeroom, and offices. Mr. S. P. Brownfield superintends the manufacturing end of the business and Mr. H. G. Hubbard represents the firm on the road. It is a strong combination and under it the firm's business has grown amazingly in the past few years. The business last year was most satisfactory, the firm manufacturing and marketing over $50,000 worth of candy besides 15,000 gallons of ice cream. In addition they had a very substantial trade in chewing gum and cigars. Their trade zone extends in all directions within a radius of 100 miles of Chillicothe and a force of fifteen people is necessary to manufacture and prepare the goods for shipment. Both the members of this firm are hustling young men full of twentieth century push and enterprise and are alive to the possibilities of the city as a manufacturing center. Both are public spirited and will be found with their shoulder to the wheel pushing along any good proposition for the good of the community.

    One of the oldest as well as one of the largest general machine shops in North Missouri is the plant of the Frank Way company which had its beginning in 1877. Its present plant occupies almost an entire block of frontage on Elm and Calhoun streets, and includes a general machine shop fitted with all modern machinery for the manufacture and repair of boilers, engines and special tools and machinery for every purpose. In this shop are to be found powerful travelling cranes, drills, lathes and steam hammers in charge of competent mechanics. A foundry for the making of castings of special design, such as house castings and structural work, has been a profitable investment for the concern and a money saving convenience for many manufacturers and others in North Missouri, who, but for this institution, might have suffered heavy losses from breakdowns. The wood working department is also completely equipped with lathes, saws, planers and all the necessary machinery for making anything from a tooth pick to a wagon tongue. In the vehicle department, which occupies the second floor of the main building, are to be found buggies of all descriptions and for all purposes as well as wagons of several standard makes. Agricultural implements occupy the balance of the buildings north of the main building and in addition the concern carries a full line of paints, oils, etc. This plant is one of the most successful as well as one of the most useful in the city, being especially valuable to small manufacturers wanting special machinery made or repaired. The officers are Frank Way, president; R. L. Isherwood, vice-president, and C. J. Evertson, secretary and treasurer.

    It was upon the basis of "Quality" that the Crow Cigar Company was organized for the manufacture of cigars in Chillicothe in 1879 and their reputation for "Honest Good at Honest Prices" has stood the test of time. Their customers and the smoking public know that the well known brands made in this factory are good inside as well as out and are made in a factory well lighted, ventilated and with every known appliance for manufacture under the most approved hygienic and sanitary conditions. The company was incorporated in 1893 and has been under the present management since 1892. Square dealing and the fulfillment of every promise has established the firm with the cigar trade not only locally, but throughout North Missouri. The present officers are: James R. Wilson, president; Walter D. Wilson, secretary and treasurer. The leading brands of cigars are "Chillicothe," a ten cent cigar, and "Our Crow," "Arbitrator" and "Commercial Club," 6-cent cigars. "The Crow Cigar Clippings" is known throughout their territory by the pipe smokers as a clean, neat package and a pure, all tobacco smoke. The concern gives employment to from nineteen to twenty-five hands the year round and the entire pay roll is spent with the merchants of Chillicothe.

    Briefly stated the history of the City Mills begins with their establishment in 1867 by Mr. George Milbank, the father of the present owner's J. T. and H.S. Milbank, who succeeded to the business in 1897. The elder Milbank had a sign for years on the front of the mill reading "Cash paid for wheat." This sign told the story of Livingston County's lead in the wheat growing industry over other neighboring counties. Mr. Milbank always paid the highest market price for wheat and kept the mill besy at all seasons. His sons have followed his policy and the mill recently underwent a thorough overhauling and besides being fitted with new and up to date machinery was greatly enlarged. The latest processes were installed and the firm is still marketing the same standard flour that has made for it a reputation extending beyond the confines of its natural trade territory. The present capacity of the mills is 150 barrels of flour per day and 100 barrels of corn meal. The leading brands are "Superior" fancy patent soft wheat flour and "Famous" a high patent hard wheat flour. Several other brands equal to others of the same standard, are also manufactured. Mr. John T. Milbank is a vice-president of the First National Bank of this city.

    The newly located and erected factory of the Tootle-Campbell Shirt and Overall Company of St. Joseph is an indication of two things-that Chillicothe's claims as a factory center are being recognized and that its citizens are awake to their opportunities. When the St. Joseph company decided that it wanted to locate a branch factory in some inland city and Chillicothe heard of its desire, this city's business men at once got into correspondence with the St. Joseph people and, on being made a reasonable proposition from the manufacturers, quickly embraced it, closing the deal in such a business line manner as to win the approbation of the factory owners. This new factory will employ between one and two hundred operatives, and will be a dustinct addition to the industrial forces of the city. There is a widespread movement among manufacturers to move to smaller cities because of the scarcity of labor in the larger centers and Chillicothe, as the Tootle-Campbell example shows, is one of the most ideal points for such industries.

    Manufacturers who own valuable draft horses as well as roadsters and carriage horses will appreciate the fact that Chillciothe boasts one of the finest and most modern veterinary hospitals in the state. The sanitorium for equines is presided over by those competent veterinarians, Dr.'s James J. Bennett and D. F. Williams, the latter also being a graduate pharmacist. The institution was founded by these gentlemen in 1907 to meet the growing demand for competent care of valuable stock in one of the greatest live stock markets of the Central West and has proven one of the most appreciated institutions of this city. The building is equipped with the latest devices for the care and comfort of the patients and is sanitary throughout, thoroughly ventilated and screened allowing plenty of air and sunlight into every part of the interior. The aseptic steel feed boxes and mangers are a feature and the building is electric lighted and steam heated. A wonderful assortment of keen, bright instruments and what appears to be a prescription department of a drug store, gives the visitor some idea of the completeness of the establishment and its preparedness to treat with any emergency. All operations are performed by skilled veterinarians in the most scientific and humane manner and our dumb friends are given every comfort and attention accorded humans under like circumstances. The hospital is located on South Elm street, one block east of the public square and is open to visitors or to receive patients both night and day.

    The time has passed for office help of any kind to be trained in an office. Those in charge do not have time, and in many cases they are efficient employees, but poor instructors. Many people are qualified in a subject who are not capable of instructing a beginner. It takes teachers of experience and ability to thoroughly fit a young man or young woman for the many duties of office positions, whether the work be stenography, bookkeeping, telegraphy or general office work. System and a thorough study of the needs of business men together with a ripe experience and understanding of the proper manner of fitting the average student with the necessary qualifications to enter upon the duties of these positions upon graduation has enabled the Maupin Commercial College to place its graduates in hundreds of the most desirable office positions in the United States. Although occupying one of the finest buildings in Chillicothe, Mr. Dolph Maupin, the founder and president of the college, believes and says that the faculty makes the school and in furtherance of that belief he has surrounded himself with a corps of teachers who are specialists and have helped make for the institution a name that stands high in the commercial world. Graduates from the Maupin Commercial College are in demand by business men and railroad companies throughout the United States, so excellent is the system of teaching and so competent the faculty. Recently Mr. Maupin has added greatly to the power and scope of this college by associating in full partnership with himself Mr. Walter Jackson, who has attained a national reputation through the World's Desire Bureau, an unique institution of far-reaching influences in the lives of many people whom it has helped. Mr. Jackson is not only an educator of experience and marked capability, but is an organizing genius, whose sympathetic assistance will be worth much, both to the college and to its students. That Mr. Maupin has extraordinary ability as a teacher of Shorthand, Typewriting, Bookkeeping, Telegraphy, and Penmanship at the head of any business school in any country. He is also a scholar and modern business man with Chicago "push" and New York "up-to-date-ness." In addition to the work of the regular instructors, Hon. John L. Schmitz lectures to the students on Commercial Law, Literature, and Business Ethics. Hon. L. A. Chapman lectures on Banking Finance, General Laws of Trade and Moral Philosophy. Hon. E, C, Orr lectures on City and Municipal Government. Some points of Superiority, Difference and Excellence. Their teachers, being experts in their line, are naturally enthusiastic instructors. Their personal efforts, their cheerful manners, and their masterful teaching create confidence and enthusiasm in the students and prevent them from becoming discouraged in overcoming the difficulties of the work. The student is not worried over his future. He holds their guarantee to secure him a position and learns that they have never failed to locate a graduate. He finds himself among students who know the school well and stand by it because it actually stands by them and helps then to positions whereby they attain an influence and popularity far in advance of their friends who do not venture into the commercial world. This spirit of enthusiasm permeates the entire school. The teachers believe in the students and the students believe in the school. All are confident of success. These are the conditions under which Shorthand, Bookkeeping, Pen Art, and Telegraphy are taught and studied in Maupin's Commercial College, Chillicothe, Mo. A school shows its strength by the per cent of the students who become graduates and secure positions within a reasonable time from the day of enrollment. The per cent of Maupin students who secure positions is the greatest of any school in Missouri-perhaps the greatest of any school in the world. 1100 students placed in positions as bookkeepers, stenographers and telegraphers at salaries from $50 to $150 a month, by Maupin's Commercial College shows the thoroughness of the instruction and their success in placing graduates.

    The cackles of the American hen are swelling into a mighty chorus. Sixteen billion times a year these small citizens announce their arrival of a "fresh laid" and the sound of their bragging is waxing loud in the land. According to the last census, there are 233,598,005 chickens of laying age in the United States. These are valued at $85,800,000 and would if sold and the proceeds divided entitle every person in the country to $1.12. Fewer enterprises offer surer or more attractive profits or more healthful and pleasant occupation and Livingston county offers the most favorable climatic conditions in which to make a success of the business of poultry breeding as well as furnishing at home and in the great market centers at hand the outlet for the product at good prices. Livingston county is fast becoming one of the greatest poultry raising sections of the greatest poultry state in the Union and among her business men and farmers are to be found many who are in the business both for profit and pleasure.

    Among the many is Mr. F. C. Bayles, whose favorite breed is the Black Langshan and whose flock is headed by that famous bird, Li Hung Chang, winner of numerous firsts in local shows and second in the State Show at Trenton last year in the hottest class of Langshans ever shown in America. Other fine types of this breed, hens, cockerels and pullets, have carried home the ribbons for Mr. Bayles in many closely contested classes both at home and abroad. In 1907, Mr. Bayles' birds won the special at the Chillicothe show for the highest scoring pen of Asiatics , special for highest scoring pullet and the State cup for best display, all birds competing, in a big class of extraordinary fine birds. Among his ribbons are several presented by the National Black Langshan Club, his birds winning four out of sex offered at one show and the other two were won by birds of his stock. Mr. Bayles is a member of the Livingston County Poultry Association. Missouri State Association and the National Black Langshan Club. His long list of winnings and quotations on stock and eggs may be had for the asking.

    The Rhode Island Red, better known as the "Business Hen," is the special breed that interests Mr. O.P. Clark, who is President of the Missouri State Branch of the Rhode Island Club of America, life member of the American Association and the Missouri Poultry Association . Mr. Clark is a successful breeder and has won many prizes with his birds in the best shows in the country. This season his pens are headed by the magnificent cock illustrated herewith which was winner this season of first and Shape and Color Special at Omaha and Chillicothe and second at the Missouri State show at Trenton and is the sire of the pullet that won first at Providence, Rhode Island, (the hot bed of the Reds) second at the big Boston show and third at Madison Square last winter. His pullet won second at the big Boston show and third at Madison Square last winter. His pullet won first at the Missouri State show and also at Omaha. His other birds are all in the same class and carry off the cream in Chillicothe, the strongest Red center in the West. Mr. Clark is a disciple of line bred birds and small matings and his success in breeding would indicate that his theories are correct.

    A laundry that washes everything but the baby and returns everything but the dirt is a blessing to any community, but Chillicothe enjoys even more than that. The Chillicothe laundry is noted for its good work and moderate prices. This is one laundry in the world where saw-edge collars and muddy-hued linen are unknown. John Slifer has revolutionized the laundry business in this section and his advertisement, which occupies a modest space in the daily papers, tells the story better than pages of description of the intricate workings of the various machines. The ad reads: "The only country laundry in the world using a Troy No. 5 collar and cuff ironer. The only country laundry in the world using a Kennicott water softener and purifier. The only small town laundry in the world having its own water and gas plant. Our equipment is extensive and expensive and was bought for you." Mr. Slier owns his building which, as is shown in the Illustration, is hardly large enough to accommodate the machinery and the 14 persons employed. A new and larger building of his own design and fitted with every convenience is soon to be erected on the site of the present building. Mr. Slifer enjoys a trade that taxes the capacity of his present equipment. Although 1-3 of his trade is from out-of-town, he prefers to do all the home trade in a manner so satisfactory that none of it goes outside the city.

    A picture given herein represents the first building used for mercantile purposes by the New York Store, better known now as the McVey-Barclay Dry Goods Co. During the years from 1866 to 1871 this little brick building was the "display house" for the entire stock of goods. Here it was the early settlers of North Missouri used to come two or three times a year in their wagons or on horseback and secure their supplies for months ahead. Here the foundation was laid for future business, by honest treatment of the pioneer in the early day. No stronger testimony as to the strength of this early foundation can be given than to ask a comparison of this little "picture of yesterday" with the "picture of today" shown elsewhere. From 1871 to 1887 the firm occupied the three story building on the west side of the square, which in turn became too congested for the increased trade, and in the latter year moved into the spacious new home, known throughout the North of Missouri as "The Big Store", Always in close touch with the advancement of Chillicothe and North Missouri, keeping pace with the times and reflecting the prosperity of Livingston county, the store has this year built and furnished the "Daylight Annex" across the alley in the rear of the main building. This room, 44x60 feet, is given over to ladles' ready-to-wear garments and makes a grand total of over 30,000 square feet of floor space devoted to the handling of merchandise. for the retail trade. Fifty people are regularly employed throughout the store, the sixty odd departments are stocked with fresh, new merchandise, overhead cash carriers are installed, every transaction is recorded and the store owns and operates its own heating and electric lighting plant. Energy and activity, working along systematized lines, are everywhere in evidence all combining to secure the best possible service for the patrons of this immense establishment. The firm's buyers make from three to five trips to New York every year and keep the stocks replenished with the latest novelties and styles of the metropolis. The basement of the main building is given over to a stock of notions, tinware, graniteware, glassware and china and exceeds in quantity and variety the stocks of many department stores in the large cities. The carpet department is one of the most interesting in the institution and contains a wonderful assortment of carpets, rugs, linoleum, mattings, etc. The main floor is lined with shelves that contain a complete assortment of the high grade materials from the foremost mills of the world. The south side of the main floor is given over to underwear and hosiery stocks. The founder of this great establishment is Mr, A, McVey and his associates are Mr. J. H. Barclay, vice-president and treasurer, and Mr, M. W. Little, secretary. In these capable hands, representing experience, and caution, modern merchandising methods and buying and system in selling, the store's history of success looks bright for the historian forty-three years hence.

    Should the stranger drop into the store of William McIlwrath on the East side of the square and not utter an exclamation of surprise, he must indeed be a phlegmatic individual. Be he from Boston, Philadelphia, New York, Chicago, or any of the great cities, he will find the very latest edition of his home paper. But this is not all. Shelf upon shelf of the choicest books to delight the eye of the book lover, row up row of classics, standard fiction and the copyrighted novels, copies of almost every known magazine and periodical are there to fill every want and taste. A bibliophile himself, Mr. McIlwrath has surrounded himself with a stock of books that is as complete as any to be found in the large cities. His knowledge of literary history places him in a class with the leading bibliographers of the world of letters. Personally, Mr. McIlwrath is an accomplished raconteur. His prominence in the early history of the city and state, his brilliant war record and his close relations with all movements to further the interests of the community in a long and busy career, politically and commercially, naturally give him pre-eminence in a recital of annals of the community. Mr. McIlwrath was largely instrumental in securing for Chillicothe the location of the State Industrial Home for Girls and through his efforts with Governor Marmaduke the Marmaduke cottage, the first of the numerous buildings of this great institution, was built. A public spirited man who donates liberally to any enterprise for the benefit of the community, who has to his credit a long and brilliant commercial, political and patriotic record, one can scarcely refrain from disgressing from the coldly commercial record of his business enterprise. A complete stock of commercial stationery, blank books, school supplies, toys, etc. fills the front part of the main floor and balcony. In the rear will be found the most complete line of the latest designs in wall paper in North Missouri in quality ranging from the simple and economical for the bumble cottage to the elaborate and exclusive designs demanded by the elite. The illustration gives an idea of the extent of the stock.

    Established in 1886 for twenty-three years under the same management, is the record of the Sipple Clothing company. From a small store to the largest clothing emporium in North Missouri, is the story of the business in a nutshell. The firm carries only standard makes of clothing such as the Hart, Schaffner & Marx, The L System and Frankel System and Spitz, Schoenberg Bros. boy's clothing. Leaders are made of the Stetson hats, Manhattan shirts, Munsing Union Suits and Interwoven Heel and Toe hosiery and in the shoe department are carried such well known brands as Crossett and Clapp's fine shoes. A system of liberal treatment, courteousness and unfailing honesty of goods and a square deal for all classes has developed for this store a trade second to none in the city. Many cities of over 100,000 inhabitants cannot boast a more complete stock than is carried by this firm. Mr. W. H. Sipple, president of the company, has associated with him and secretary and treasurer, Mr. A. T. Kirtley. W. H. Sipple is one of those men in whom dependence may be safely placed when the call is issued for moral or financial support for, any project which will in any way benefit the city. He is an active member of the R. M. A, and his advice and counsel is valued by the organization.

    It is impossible to give any adequate idea of the size of an establishment like S. A. Stone Music store in a group of photographs. The entire building is devoted to the business and contains on an average the year round of one hundred instruments of various makes, uprights, grands, piano players and organs besides small instruments and graphaphone and sheet music departments. In 1876, Mr. S. A. Stone began the sale of pianos in this city and has added to his territory year by year until now he sells throughout the North part of the state and with the help of his son, G. H., whom he took into partnership on January 1st, 1909, does one of the largest music businesses in the state. The first floor is given over to the piano, sheet music, small instrument and graphaphone departments as well as the office while the upper floor is fitted into rooms for the demonstration of the piano players and organs, The building is equipped with special elevators and boxing and shipping departments, the company making a specialty of special sales in carload lots in smaller towns.

    An attractive display of rich cut glass, silverware, hand painted china and jewelry is to be seen in the store of Mr. A. B. Macdonald on the East side of the square. The business has been numbered as one of Chillicothe's leading retail concerns ever since its establishment ten years ago. A completely equipped optical department with all the latest instruments is a feature of the establishment presided over by the proprietor himself who has had fifteen years' experience and is an expert In the correction of defective vision and eye strain. Mr. Macdonald has served as councilman from the Second ward for the past two years and owns a beautiful home in the northeast section of the city.

    The building occupied by Deardorff & Mann on the east side of the square contains three floors and basement filled with every known article carried in the hardware and builders' supplies lines. One floor is devoted to stoves alone and the display of refrigerators. tools, shelf and heavy hardware is one of the most comprehensive in the state. If you can't find it here, it isn't in town. Mr. C: A. Mann became interested in the firm January first 1909, buying out the interest of R. H. Mecaskey and is an active member. Mr. Elmer Gates, who had been head salesman for a number of years, has since the first of the year managed the store in the interests of Mr. Deardorff. "Up to the minute" is the slogan that has built up a remarkable trade for this firm.

    Herewith is shown the office of Dr. William M. Girdner, one of the leading physicians of Chillicothe. Dr. Girdner is president of the Chillicothe board of health and state physician at the Industrial Home for Girls. He has an office in the Wallbrunn building that is equipped in every way to facilitate the practice of his profession.

    The merchandising firm of Botts & Minteer, whose place of business is known as the "Farmer's Store" was organized in 1883 with three partners under the firm name of Gunby, Stevens & Botts. The store was located on the North side of the square and the firm went through seven changes of partners in the seven years up to 1900 when if finally became the partnership of Botts & Minteer. In 1887 the firm moved into the three story building on the West side of the square which is its present home and its record of success has been constant since. The three floors are each 40x112 feet and a passenger elevator gives customers rapid and comfortable transit to the several departments. On the first, the street floor, is a general dry goods stock and the immense shoe department. On the second floor are the clothing and ladies' ready to wear departments, each complete with the latest creations for correct outfitting for men and women. On the third floor is the carpet department, complete with the latest designs in carpets, rugs, matting, curtains and linoleum. Each floor has a rest room for the accommodation of the shopper, is steam heated and lighted from the company's own plant. The firm employs on an average of seventeen salespeople the year round and enjoys a trade which it draws from a radius of twenty miles and is second to none in the city. This is one of Chillicothe's largest retail establishments and illustrates what kind of a store the people of this vicinity will support.

    Chillicotheans are wont to spend their leisure moments and find surcease from business cares at a place that has been built and arranged especially for the amusement of the better classes. We refer to the Oriental Billiard parlors and bowling alleys established and managed by Mr. E. H. Rehwoldt in the basement of the Wallbrunn building. The parlors are quietly, but richly decorated in oriental color scheme, hung with expensive drapes and carpeted with cork. The tables and fixtures are in harmony with the general high class exclusiveness of the establishment and the alleys are built on solid concrete foundation, equipped with the latest devices insuring a satisfactory game. On Monday and Thursday evenings, the bowling alleys are turned over for the exclusive use of the ladies of the city, who accompanied by their husbands and escorts, take advantage of the opportunity to indulge in this healthful sport and turn out in large numbers, their merry laughter and the glow of bounding health attesting to the value of the exercise. The rooms are 112 feet long and forty feet wide, being joined by archways cut through the great stone foundation wall. A perfect system of electric fan ventilation keeps the rooms cool in summer and gives a uniform distribution of heat in the winter.

    Mr. O. P. Clark, of Clark's Pharmacy, comes from a family of druggists, was born in Missouri at Clarksdale and has been in business at this location for the past seven years. His store, known as the Rexall drug store, enjoys one of the largest trades in the city, partly because it is known as the home of pure drugs and partly on account of the geniality of its proprietor. Mr. Clark has two hobbies and successfully rides both. One is attractive window displays and the other is the raising of Rhode Island Red poultry. He is an artist in both lines and has had the satisfaction of pulling down some of the big prizes at the best shows with his thoroughbred birds. His prize winner is illustrated elsewhere.

    One of Chillicothe's most successful practitioners and leading professional men is Dr. Charles A. Wolfe, who heals the sick by the drugless method of osteopathy.

    Dr. Wolfe is a Hoosier by birth but a Missourian by adoption. He was born in Terre Haute, Ind., and was educated in the public schools of that city. He was first attracted by the science of osteopathy while located at Crawfordsville, and went to Kirksville to investigate the claims that were being made for the new method of healing the sick. He was so impressed with the claims that he entered the American School of Osteopathy at Kirksville, matriculating September 3, 1900, and graduating with a class of 158 with honors in 1902. Chillicothe looked good to Doctor Wolfe, and the day he received his diploma he came to this city and began the practice of osteopathy with Dr. B. M. Weston in the Bank of Chillicothe building. After a partnership of a year and a half with Dr. Weston, he succeeded to the entire business of the firm, and has since continued to practice in the same location where he began. Dr. Wolfe has had a remarkable success. Located in Chillicothe for nearly seven years, each succeeding year has found him more firmly fixed in the confidence of the people and with a constantly growing practice. This is due to merit alone, and is because of the many cures he has effected, after doctors of other schools and other methods have failed. He treats all curable diseases, but makes a specialty of chronic and nervous diseases and the diseases of children. He is especially successful in treating children, and many a child in Chillicothe and vicinity owes the fact that it is sound in body and happy with the full enjoyment of health to his exact knowledge of the human system and his skill in removing the cause of the disease - for here is where osteopathy triumphs, in removing the cause and not allaying the symptoms. Although busy with a large practice Dr. Wolfe finds time for fraternal duties. He has been master of Friendship lodge, No., 89 A.F.A.M., past and present patron of the Order of the Eastern Star, president of the Business Men's Tennis club and a member of the Chillicothe club. Dr. Wolfe's offices have recently been remodeled and refurnished, being made modern in every respect, and are as well equipped as any osteopathic office in the state.

    Starting out as a poor boy with a consuming ambition to succeed in life, Col. A. W. Cies has the satisfaction of standing on the high places and viewing his five hundred acres of farm land in the grandest section of country the crow ever flew over. It is stocked with thoroughbred cattle, hogs, horses and poultry and its rich acres and sleek herds stand in mute testimony of the master's pluck and energy. Col. Cies is one of the hustling, energetic capable kind of auctioneers that stockmen will go a long way to engage in disposing of their herds. They feel safe in getting the best prices when the sales are in the hands of a man of his calibre. Seven years of actual experience in selling on the block and in private has placed him at the very top of the bunch of salesmen and his dates read like a continuous performance. During the past year he has sold $226,000 in 129 sales. His offices are in the Wallbrunn building and are fitted with every convenience and comfort for visiting stockmen. Public spirited, capable and reliable, Col. Cies has the respect and confidence of his fellow townsmen and a host of stockmen for whom he has gotten the best prices under all conditions.

    Of the three lumber yards in Chillicothe, mention is made of the business of the Saunders-Turner Lumber Company, whose yards occupy the entire block on Elm street directly east of the square. The business was established in 1883 by D. G. Saunders and S, G. Turner who were personally in charge of the business until 1896 when they moved to Kansas City and engaged in the wholesale trade in yellow pine, oak and cedar shingles which still occupies their attention. Mr. R. L. Rawlins, the present manager of the yards at Chillicothe, has been with the firm in that capacity for the past eight years and the constantly increasing volume of business from year to year is an attest of this gentleman's capabilities and popularity with the building trade of the city. The yard is up to date, carries the largest stock in the county of white pine, fir and oak lumber, doors, windows and mouldings, cedar shingles, lath, lime, Portland cement, roofing, paints and oils and a line of both hard and soft coal. There is no bill too large nor too small for these enterprising people to take care of promptly.

    The immense furniture business of J. Mohrs & Son was established in this city in 1868 by Jacob and John P. Mohrs, both now deceased, and is now conducted and owned by William J. Mohrs and Joseph Pier-son. The firm, which handles the largest stock in North Missouri, has always borne the reputation of carrying the kind of furniture that is handed down from generation to generation. They handle all grades of furniture except poor grades including parlor, library, dining room and kitchen fixtures, beds, baby carriages, lounges, tables, framed pictures, cabinets, book cases, etc. The illustration gives one some idea of the high class of dependable furniture to be found in this store. The "Mission" is the real thing and every piece in the house shows the handiwork of the best craftsmen and is a thing of art as well as service. The undertaking department is in charge of two competent and licensed embalmers and includes funeral parlors, chapel and morgue. Both members of the firm are "live wires" and may be depended upon to be on the firing line when the call is made for volunteers in any public enterprise.

    No mere man could ever succeed in describing the delight of the gentler sex while viewing the beautiful creations offered by the Ault Millinery company at the opening of the seasons. This store, which gas the air of metropolitanism, shows the latest creations in millinery and trimmings from the fashion centers of the world and at the same time carries a diversified stock for the seeker after something at a moderate price, The business was established seven years ago, but was bought by Mr. and Mrs. Ault in 1905. The celebrated Gage line of pattern hats is carried as well as the products of their own workshop. The Ault store is one of the show places of the city and a large measure of its success is due to the fact that Mr. Ault was formerly a newspaper man and knows the value of attractive advertising.

    The firm of Elyenburg & Bishop was established some 17 years ago and deals in live and dressed poultry, eggs and hay, oats and corn. The firm last year shipped 221 cars of hay and 200,000 live and dressed chickens to the New York, Chicago and San Francisco markets. William A., Eylenburg is also lessee of the Luella opera house and has been honored by the citizens of his ward who in 1909 elected him alderman. Mr. Thomas S. Bishop is the other half of the firm. They are the largest shippers of hay in the county and carload lots, the bigger the better, look good to them.

    Col. Harry Graham maintains a fine suite of offices in the Wallbrunn building, although he is traveling most of the time and is seldom at home except over Sunday. Mr. Graham, who has lived in Chillicothe for the past twenty-five years, is one of the best known and most successful auction Salesmen of pedigreed live stock in America. His arable disposition, keen intellect, natural adaptability, energy and knowledge of pedigrees have made for him an enviable reputation in his chosen profession. Col. Graham never cries a sale without first taking pains to investigate the merits of the blood line of the stock to be sold and inform himself thoroughly of the pedigrees of the individuals offered for sale. His high moral standards and remarkable ability have won for him the friendship and business patronage of the largest breeders in the Middle west who invariably send for him when In need of a competent auction salesman. Col. Graham is also special newspaper correspondent for the Live Stock press, representing the Bee Publishing Company's, (Omaha), Twentieth Century Farmer throughout the corn belt states. His work and writings in this particular are considered far above the average.

    During the heated season it is a merry sight that is presented in Farrington's. Nearly every evening the merry throngs of grown ups and children congregate at this popular ice cream parlor and refresh themselves with the firm's own make of ice cream, candy and the various palatable delights of the immense soda fountain. Six years ago three brothers and two sisters from Illinois engaged in the business in a small way in their present location, just off the square on Webster street. At that time it was a good night that brought seventy people to the six tables. Superior quality of refreshments and a peculiarly efficient and delightful service spread the fame of the institution and year by year extensions and additions were made to accommodate the increasing patronage until last year's business was little short of phenomenal. A large double service fountain was installed and this, together with a system of table service by a trained corps of assistants, enabled the management to serve from six to seven hundred people nightly. The fountain, confectionery cases and parlors occupy the front of the building and are made both enticing and restful by artistic decorations. The rear rooms, which have been several times enlarged, contain the manufacturing end of the business where are made the cream and home made confections. Mr. William Farrington is in direct charge of all departments of the business and his is the guiding genius which has established one of the most efficient and satisfactory catering concerns in Missouri. Chillicotheans are proud of this establishment and patronize liberally this delightful place in which to entertain their friends in all seasons.

    The only large commercial greenhouse in North Missouri is located on the Western edge of the city of Chillicothe. This institution was started in 1904 by Mr. R. L. Isherwood and has been a successful venture from the beginning. Year after year he has added to the thousands of feet of glass roofs until now the plant covers 16,500 square feet. 300 tons of coal are required to heat the immense radiation surface of the miles of hot water pipes that furnish the artificial heat which in winter forces the vegetables for the early market and supplies the demand for cut flowers in Chillicothe and for many miles around. Mr. Isherwood dally ships orders for flowers 'to many other Missouri cities, and the service he gives his patrons has caused a constantly increasing patronage, to keep pace with which he is from time to time added to the size of his establishment, The presence of such a greenhouse in Chillicothe has had much to do with fostering the love of flowers and to cause its citizens to beautify their homes with, nature's radiant Products, while the large export business that the establishment does make it a note worthy industry.

    For reasons that it has only a "side line" Livingston county has never seen fit to make any great claims as a fruit country. Its cereals, its livestock are its more important productions; and yet the county, in anything like a good year not only produces all the fruit it needs for home consumption but exports a hundred thousand dollars' worth. Apples are the main crop, and some Livingston county orchards have made their owners rich. Melons, strawberries, raspberries, cantaloupes, blackberries, plums, grapes, peaches and pears all flourish in the rich farms, delighting both Livingston county loam which covers the eye and palate in fresh fruit time, permitting of well-stocked shelves of preserves, jams, jellies and Marmalades for winter use and still leaving a half million pounds to be shipped to less fortunate Localities. Herewith is printed a picture-of what the photographer called "California fruit grown in Missouri," it being a branch broken from a heavily laden plum tree in the city of Chillicothe the. It is not pretended that all plum trees always bear after this fashion, but there is no section of the union where the fruit crop is more diversified and more certain than right here in North Missouri.

    The greatest grocery business in North Missouri was built up in the Masonic Temple building by Frank Scruby and has recently been sold by him to Graham & Moore. For years when any traveling man who makes Chillicothe has been asked which is the busiest grocery in Chillicothe he has unhesitatingly answered "Scruby's" and the new proprietors have inherited the same repute, as they are conducting the business along the plan employed by Mr. Scruby and which has made this store famous for a radius of fifty miles. The stock is the largest and most diversified in the city and "i+ you cannot get it at Scruby's, it is not in the city," is a well founded expression of the local housewives. Every square inch of the immense first floor and basement of the Masonic building is used by this store which carries a stock of queensware as well as staple and fancy groceries. The clerks and the proprietors are well in touch with the rural communities and the farm trade is something enormous, yet they cater in a distinct manner to the city trade also. The new Proprietors are giving the store their personal attention and Graham & Moore's Grocery Store. are rapidly forming an acquaintance of the people of the county. Indeed, they could pick no better place to get acquainted, for if one were to stand in this grocery on a busy day and nearly every day is a busy one there-and watch the throng that comes hither-farmers bringing produce and taking back loads of groceries, townspeople and those from surrounding smaller towns, all on the same mission, sure that here they will get what they want and get it right-if one were to look upon this busy scene for a whole day he would come of the opinion that if a man wanted anywhere to meet the people of the county, this grocery store is the place.

    Chillicothe is noted far its educational advantages in the line of commercial colleges as well as in its excellent public school system. There is no institution west of the Mississippi river that is more widely or more favorably known than the Chillicothe Normal, which is really seven great colleges in one. Its national and favorable reputation is worthy more than a passing notice. The college one attends has a wonderful influence upon his success after he leaves school. The habit formed while there will stay with him through life and thousands of students testify to the value of the associations and work of this school. The site is a beautiful elevation of four acres, with plenty of forest trees and is situated in the Northeast portion of the city surrounded by the finest residences. The college buildings are located eight blocks from the main square and about. a mile from the depots, thus giving freedom from the noise and business of the city and surrounded by the highest moral influence possible. The main building is a three story structure of brick and stone, of imposing architecture and modern in every way, This building contains the offices, library, chapel, recitation rooms and large, immaculately clean dining rooms. The new building is devoted to the telegraphy school and the departments of typewriting. shorthand and railroad work. There is also another large frame building of pleasing design and furnished with a!1 modern comforts known as the Ladies Residence, presided over by a matron and used as a home by many of the lady students. A fair idea of the size of the institution may be gained from the accompanying illustrations, The average attendance is from 600 to 1,000 students and the usual fraternities, athletic organizations, debating, musical and other associations including a literary society, Y. M. C. A. and Y. W. C. A. are to be found in flourishing condition among the student body. The athletic field is one of the finest in the West, the moral tone of the entire institution is above the average and, being non-sectarian, the students are free to attend their own churches, of which almost every denomination is to be found in the city. The superiority of the faculty is recognized in other states and students come hundreds miles to receive instruction from these masters. Each teacher is chosen for his or her ability to teach a special subject and all are specialists whose talent commands a high salary. One of the most commendable features of this school is that rich and poor stand alike in the eyes of the management and the faculty, fine clothes and freedom with money is not the standard by which a student secures a standing, the student is judged by what he is, and not what he has. Besides a regular Normal course including professional pedagogy, a scientific course, agricultural department etc., the school offers what is probably the most comprehensive and thorough course in its commercial department of any in the West. It is the aim of this department to prepare students for the business world with the least possible sacrifice of time and money and the course is thoroughly practical as is attested by the hundreds of graduates now occupying lucrative positions. Horace Mann well said "If a father wishes to give his son a legacy that will endure while life lasts, let him send him to an institution where he can obtain a general, practical education and he will have the satisfaction of knowing that he has given him what is better than houses, lands and farms, or gold and silver." Ignorance stamps indelibly the word " Failure" upon the brow of its victim, which means a life of continual embarrassment, if not misery. You must educate or you must perish under the ruins of ignorance and failure. The demand for bookkeepers, stenographers, operators and teachers was never so great. The Chillicothe Normal offers superior advantages and assists the student to secure a position when competent. The college issues a beautiful catalogue that fairly teems with good advice to the young people of today advice that is given in a way that is wholly acceptable to the reader. Everyone who is interested in bettering his or her position should send for a copy of this splendid book and read every word of it.

    Mr. J. J. Kline is a recent arrival in Chillicothe, coming here on the tongue of good repute from Hamilton, a neighboring city to the West. He purchased the wholesale bakery business of Mr. McKenzie and immediately injected some new life into the business, the results being direct and eminently satisfactory. The wholesale business of the old bakery has been increased many fold and the new retail store, with which he has connected a beautiful soda fountain and seating capacity for sixty customers, is one of the comfortable spots of the city for the tired and thirsty. The business was opened to the public on May 25 and its success was instantaneous. The building is beautifully decorated and fitted with the very latest fixtures and improvements in fountain, etc. for dispensing carbonated drinks and for the serving of cream. Mr. Kline is a valuable addition to the commercial life of the city and Chillicothe is always good to those who wait, but who hustle while they are waiting.

    In this age of specialists none other stands so prominently in the lime light and blazes the path of progress as the ad man. His services are in demand by all commercial, professional and in many cases social and political institutions. The publicity man with special talent and training has become, in the last decade, as important and necessary as the capital behind the enterprise. His duty is to acquaint the public with the offerings of his client and bring to him the thousands to who he could appeal in no other way. Mr. F. F. Weber, who is associated with the Sipple Clothing company, makes a very successful side issue of designing, writing and placing advertising for corporations and individuals. His methods and arguments are unique, his ads catch the eye, rivet the attention and in the end convince the reader. These are the three cardinal virtues of good advertising and Mr, Weber is past master of the art. In "laying out" a campaign of publicity, whether an a large or small scale, it pays to en gage the services of an expert who will by the use of intelligent systematic and convincing advertising, create a demand for almost any meritorious article. "Advertising pays" only when intelligently written and placed, Mr. Weber is competent to handle your advertising. For the reason that extensive alterations are underway at Hartman's store it is impossible to picture that big establishment as it will be when this souvenir book is circulated. A portrait of its enterprising proprietor, Mr. P. W. Hartman, is shown herein. This store has recently been transformed into a strictly high-class, modern ready-to-wear store, carrying a full line of ladies' and children's ready-to-wear apparel, millinery, ladies' and children's shoes and everything in the dry goods line for the house, ready for use. All of its piece goods are being closed out to make room for its great new stock. It is provided with a rest room and is a modern store built along metropolitan lines. This store has grown from a modest beginning to its present splendid proportions because it is run along broad lines, with a liberal advertising policy and because it keeps faith with its patrons by always doing what it advertises to the letter. No visitor in Chillicothe should miss seeing this store. For over a half century ministering to the sick and ailing, of rugged constitution and kindly heart, skilled in the secrete of his chosen professional and enjoying the confidence and patronage of a large clientele, Dr. J. K. Callaway may well look back with pride to his record of the past fifty years, He is of the Eclectic School of Medicine - and to this fact he ascribes his success in treating all forms of disease, especially chronic ailments. His offices and operating rooms are located in the First National Bank building and are completely equipped with the latest devices for alleviating the sufferings of his fellow beings. Dr. Callaway is Special Examiner for the Pension Bureau of the United States Government and has lived in Chillicothe for the past 15 years. For such recreation as a busy professional man may get, he drives high bred trotter with a record of 2:07 and pals with his grand children.

    One of the men who has been identified with Chillicothe since its infancy is Andrew Leeper, who is still prominent in the city's commercial affairs. Mr. Leeper was born in Callaway county. Coming here with his parents when a small boy, he has lived here continuously since 1854 except three years when he was in California, during the civil war. Upon his return to Chillicothe he engaged in the hardware business, which he continued for twenty years. Following that time he built a number of dwellings and store buildings in the city and county, which he still owns. Mr. S McWilliams and he built the Leeper house the city's largest hotel, in 1884. He does a real estate and loan business. His wife, formerly Miss M. E. McConnell of Findlay, O., is prominent in the social life of the city and the Leeper home is famous locally for its hospitality. Mr, and Mrs. Leeper have traveled extensively, in the United States, Canada, Old Mexico, Cuba and the Continental countries, but after seeing other cities and countries they are more than ever in love with Chillicothe and declare their intention of remaining here. Mr. Leeper's father was for ten years president of the first bank in Chillicothe, which was a branch of the State Bank of Missouri. This branch had a paid-up capital of $150,000 and loaned money all over North Missouri.

    Senator Fred S. Hudson has made a brilliant record in the 45th Assembly at Jefferson City. Born in Carroll county in 1868, he has for the past seven years been a resident of this city where he enjoys a large practice in corporation law. Both his offices in the Citizen's Bank building and his residence on East Jackson street are models of up-to-dateness and his friends in the Second District are legion. Some idea of his personal popularity may be gained when it is related that in the congressional campaign of 1908 running against Rucker, Democrat, he reduced the normal Democratic majority of the district from six to three thousand, During the last session of the Legislature he was a member of the Revision committee, Judiciary committee, Private Corporation committee and the committee on Railroads and Internal Improvements. He was also a member of the special committee appointed to investigate the election frauds in St. Louis and also of the special committee to investigate conditions at the Confederate Home at Higginsville. One of his most important bills introduced and passed at the recent session was the one creating the Republican Thirty-Sixth Judicial Circuit including Caldwell, Daviess and Livingston counties. This in a measure proves his strength in the Senate when it is known that the bill was unanimously passed through a Democratic Senate.

    This booklet would have been impossible were it not for the "Art Preservative" and less attractive and valuable were it not for the consummate skill with which the exact likeness of the various industries, persons and scenes have been caught and reproduced by that master of the camera, C. E. Watton. In the face of keen competition the man who made the photographs from which this book is illustrated established a studio in Chillicothe some six years ago. Nothing more nor less than the merit of his work has made the phenomenal success which has been his. The studio is equipped with the latest instruments and accessories of the craft, the owner is equipped with a sunny disposition which makes friends of the babies and the bachelors, the mamas and the maids and the work in this book will bear witness to the quality of his productions.

    Mr. W. O. Clark, whose residence is shown elsewhere, was for eighteen of his twenty-five years' residence in the city, a clerk in the dry goods business. Seven years ago he embarked in his present business in a small way and by thrift and close attention to the needs of his customers has enlarged his stationery business to its present proportions. His stock is replete with the latest books, copyright novels, standards and classics, school books, commercial stationery and novelties besides a large line of periodicals and magazines; If it were possible to name his specialty, it would be wall paper, his line of the season's latest novelties and patterns being the mecca of the economical housewife as well as the one with sufficient money to satisfy the most extravagant desires for high priced novelties.

    If one were to attempt to give pictures of all the handsome homes in Chillicothe this volume would be almost, twice its present size. All that the compiler of this book has attempted has been to take a picture here and there, in various sections of the city, so as to afford those who have never seen Chillicothe to form some idea of the pride that Chillicothe people take in their residences, and the character shown by their houses - that of thrift and wholesome comfort. Chillicothe is essentially a city of homes. It has no millionaire mansions, which are not homes in the truest sense, but it has any number of beautiful residences, ranging from cosy cottages to more palatial structures, and these may be found in all parts of the city. The number of pretty residences is constantly growing, as well-to-do residents from other cities move here and either build or buy end improve property, and prosperous farmers, their fortunes made off of Livingston county soil, move to the county seat to spend the rest of their days amid the pleasant surrounding of a well ordered city, and whose home instinct is strong and healthy. In spite of these conditions, residence property is not out of the reach of the man of modest means in Chillicothe. Rapid growth in building has kept both rents and real estate values at a reasonable figure, and the man who seeks to buy a home will find plenty of opportunities to get, splendid values for his money in city real estate. The residence districts are well kept, with a splendid system of .sanitary sewage, and the health of the community is remarkable. The progressiveness of Chillicothe is shown by the fact that for many years it has support-two daily newspapers, the leading one being The Constitution, from the job printing department of which this souvenir book is issued. The weekly edition of The Constitution was established in 1860, and has been continuously published since that time, while the daily's age dates from 1887. The daily and weekly editions have a combined circulation approximating 4,000 copies, covering the field in the trade territory contiguous to Chillicothe so thoroughly that advertisers have grown to appreciate the fact that it reaches a vast majority of the homes of the country, where it has established a reputation for fidelity to the truth both In its news and editorial columns. The Constitution has been owned by John L. Newland and William T. Watkins since the fall of 1900, another partner being associated with them until January 1, 1902. Under their guidance The Constitution has been an effective advocate of municipal improvement and civic honesty. The Constitution receives and publishes daily the Associated Press dispatches, being a member of that greatest of news gathering associations.

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