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100 YEAR FARM FAMILIES IN LIVINGSTON COUNTY, MISSOURI
Published by the Livingston County Bicentennial Agriculture Committee. July, 1976.

ONE HUNDRED YEAR FARM FAMILIES - P thru Z

John L. Peery

William F. Peery was a Virginian by birth and about 1819 or 1820 he came to Missouri, settling in Howard County, where he remained until coming to this county in 1838. On November 22, 1838, he married Miss Margaret J. Hutchison. Of the six children from this union John Hutchison Peery remained on the farm in Livingston County. William F. Peery was a prominent man of his day, and in political affairs was very active and influential. For two terms he was the representative to the State Legislature, and later served as State Senator. At the outbreak of the Civil War he enlisted under Gen. Slack in the Confederate Army, was made paymaster, and also held a commission as Colonel. While recruiting for soldiers to join the army, he was surprised while sleeping and brutally murdered, another to lay down his life upon the altar of his convictions.

John H. Peery was one of the native-born citizens of this county, born October 29, 1841. He continued to follow farming up to 1861, when he, too, cast his fortunes with the Southern Confederacy and remained in service until the cessation of hostilities. He took part in many engagements: among others, those of Carthage, Wilson Creek, Lexington, and Pea Ridge. After being transferred to the Mississippi Department, he took part in Gen. J. E. Johnston’s Campaign, and was with Hood until the close of the war. Twice he was a prisoner, but both times he was exchanged. After returning from the army, Mr. Peery was engaged in farming. He had a beautiful place consisting of 560 acres and was well known as an excellent cattle feeder and livestock producer. Mr. Peery’s first marriage was to Miss Elizabeth C. Cruse. To this union five children were born. Mrs. Peery died October 19, 1883, and afterwards Mr. Peery married Miss Florence H. Peery of Grundy, County. To this union were born four children, John Roger, Ethel, Jesse, and James. Mr. Peery was a member of Masonic Lodge A.F.& A.M., of Springhill. Mr. Peery passed away August 2, 1918. Burial was in the family cemetery west of the family home.

John Roger Peery remained on the home place and continued farming. He attended grade school at Blackburn and Chillicothe Business College. On October 28, 1925, he married Miss Hazel Grace Lipke.. To this union two children were born: John Lipke, May 18, 1927; and Mildred Louise, February 24, 1929 (now Mrs. Merle Doughty). Mr. Peery took an active part in community affairs, such as serving on school boards, road district boards, the Democratic Committeeman of J a c k s o n Township, and Livingston County Highway Commission. He was a member of the Bethel Methodist Church. He was a 50 year member of Jamesport Masonic Lodge 564 AF & AM. Mr. Peery passed away March 29,1972. Burial was in the Masonic Cemetery in Jamesport.

John Lipke Peery has spent his lifetime on the original Peery farm. He attended the Blackburn rural school. He served in the United States Army during World War II. He held the rank of Staff Sergeant. Mr. Peery has worked for the Rock Island Railroad for 32 years and has continued to operate the family farm, producing beef cattle and sheep. He is a member of the Jamesport Masonic Lodge 564 AF & AM; Gallatin Chapter 11 R.A.M.; and Veterans of Foreign Wars Post 4131 in Jamesport.

This farm is located in Jackson Township, Sec.18-59-25. It was purchased in August, 1839. - John L. Peery

John J. and Okie Phillips

Robert Phillips was born in Kentucky, July 19, 1820. Perlina Strawn was born in North Carolina, April 22, 1825. They were married March 28, 1843, and came to Missouri in a one-horse covered wagon in 1843, crossing the Missouri River at Brunswick. They settled in Livingston County, Medicine Township (NW ¼ of Sec. 7, Twp. 59, Rg. 22). He purchased 139.95 acres of land from the government at $1.25 per acre. Part of it was prairie land and part timberland.

They built a two-room, log house, each room being 18 feet square with a fireplace at each end. Here they raised their family of ten children, eight boys and two girls: John J., born December 29, 1843; Bruce, born August 10, 1845; Dennison, born November 17,1846; Amos, born April 30, 1849; Edward, born June 19, 1851; Ruth, born July 22, 1853; Rebecca, born January 28, 1855; George, born September 15, 1858; Hiram, born April 5, 1860; and James, born May 4, 1862. Their crops were corn, wheat, and some tobacco. They also had horses, cattle, and hogs. In addition to farming he did blacksmithing, and was the first blacksmith in Medicine Township. Money was scarce, so in order that he could pay for his land, he went to Chillicothe and opened up a blacksmith shop where the Beauty Academy is now located, 610 Webster. They were Presbyterians. He was the first Justice of the Peace in Medicine Township. Their Post Office was at Alpha, Mo., a small town in Grundy County about 2½ miles north of their home.

The country was open range, until fences could be built out of rails which they made from the timber. There were no wells, so they would drive their cattle to Medicine Creek to water. They would take along some wooden barrels in a wagon, or sled, to haul water home for household purposes. When their hogs were ready for. market, several of the farmers would band together, drive them to Brunswick, and load them on barges to go down the river to the St. Louis market.

May 6,1863, during the Civil War, Robert, age 42, was accidentally killed by a horse kicking him on the head. This left his wife, Perlina, the whole responsibility of raising, their family, the youngest, James, being one year old. He had continued to buy land from the government and left an estate of 420 acres, or 40 acres to each of his children and his wife. The taxes were $13.66 for the year 1863.

The children all grew up and married, except Hiram and James. James was drowned in the swollen waters of Muddy Creek at the age of 21. Hiram lived with his mother on the home place where they built a large, two-story house in 1893. Perlina died June 24, 1898, and Hiram died November 26, 1926, at the age of 66. Robert, Perlina, Hiram, and Ruth are buried at the Alpha Cemetery in Grundy County. Bruce married Ann Owens and they moved to California. Dennison married Malcena Crews, and they lived on farms in the vicinity until retiring and moving to Linneus. Edward married Elizabeth Mullin, and they lived in Nevada. Amos married and moved to California. Ruth married Alva Salisbury. Rebecca married John Smith. She died at the age of 36.

John J., at the age of 18, enlisted February 15, 1862, in the Missouri Volunteers, Co. B, 23 Regiment, Infantry, for a term of three years, He was with Sherman in the "March from Atlanta to the Sea." He was also in some of the battles. He was discharged at Settlers Ferry, Georgia, February 1, 1865. He married Nancy Minerva Coberly, May 8, 1870. She was born December 21, 1844. They lived on the 40 acres he inherited from his father. Their children were Orlando O., born March 1, 1871; Ozella, born April 30,1872; Jennie, born November 4,1873; Mate, born February 23, 1882; and Floyd, born July 19, 1885.

Their house burned in 1881 and they built a three-room, frame house. He was Justice of the Peace in Medicine Township from 1873 to 1897. He purchased some of the original land from his brothers. The children attended the Phillips School which was built in the 70s on the land that George Phillips inherited. Part of it is still owned today by his son, Wallace.

Minerva died April 5, 1907, and John J., Sr., died September 7, 1920. Minerva, John J., Sr., Ozella, and Floyd are buried at the Wallace Cemetery, three miles east of Chula and one-half mile north.

Ozella married Elmer Rudd, Jennie married Isaiah Transue, Mate married Melvin Davenport, and Floyd never married. Orlando O. Phillips married Lillie Davenport September 22, 1897. She was born July 23, 1875. Their children were: John J., Jr., born December 24, 1898; and Lena Fern, born April 13, 1911. John J., Jr., was born in the house that his great-grandmother and Hiram had built in 1893.

In 1902 Orlando purchased the 40 acres of land that Rebecca Smith had inherited from her father, Robert Phillips. When his father, John J. Sr., passed away in 1920, he inherited a part of the land and purchased the rest from his brother and sisters. Besides general farming, he would buy feeder cattle and fatten them for market. He also raised hogs and mules. Lillie always had a large flock of Rhode Island Red hens and they would hatch their own eggs. They purchased their first car (a Chevrolet) in 1917.

When their hogs were ready for market, the neighbors would help each other by coming with their teams and high-wheeled wagons with a slatted cover over the top (to keep the hogs from jumping out), load up, and haul them to Chula to be shipped to the Kansas City market. It was a distance of five miles to the Milwaukee Railroad Station. Also they would drive their cattle to Chula to be shipped to Kansas City or Chicago.

When Hiram passed away in 1926, he willed his estate to Orlando. This was some of the original land his father, Robert, had purchased from the government. For a number of years Orlando was an Elder of the Mt. Zion South Methodist Church (commonly known as the Manning Church) three miles east of Chula. Lillie was a member of the Baptist Church at Alpha. She passed away February 4, 1929. October 20, 1930, Orlando married Ida May (Jenkins) Brotherton, who was born April 14,1887. She had two children, Chester and Margaret, They lived on the farm until he passed away December 13, 1959. Orlando and Lillie are buried in the Plainview Cemetery one-half mile north of Chula. John J., Jr., and Lena attended the Phillips School and the Chula High School. They usually rode a horse to the Chula School which was 5½ miles from home. Lena married Wade Smith. I, John J. Phillips, Jr., married Okie Jacobs August 1S, 1922. She was born December 12, 1902. We have four daughters: Bonnie Mae, born February 15, 1927; Mildred Berniece, born March 1, 1932; Doris Joan born July 16, 1934; and Pearl Darlene, August 3 1936. I farmed with my father a number of years and purchased from him some of the land my great-grandfather had purchased from the government. We raise corn, wheat, oats, and soybeans) and have a herd of Polled Hereford cows. We are members of the Alpha Baptist Church of which I am a Deacon. I was elected on the Agriculture Stabilization Conservation Committee in Livingston County in 1945. After serving seven years, I was appointed Office Manager in 1953 and served 13 years before retiring in 1966. When my father, Orlando, passed away in 1959, I inherited a part of his land and purchased the rest from the other heirs, most of it being the original land. Taxes this year averaged $1.60 per acre. Compare this to the $13.66 on 139-95 hundredths acres back in 1850. Our daughters: Bonnie Mae, married A. B. Cook; Berniece married Albert Bonderer; Joan married Robert Timmons; and Darlene, married Larry Huff. We have 27 grandchildren and 8 great-grandchildren. - John J. and Okie Phillips

Hazel Stamper Remick

Judge John Stone was born in Lancaster, Ohio, November 9, 1805. When he was 22 years of age he married Susannah Stover. They came to Utica in August, 1837. There were only two cabins there. That year the town of Utica was laid out. In 1838 he fought in the Morman War. He bought over 1,000 acres of land from the government at $1.25 per acre. President Martin Van Buren signed the papers on August 2, 1838. Our place was among those acres (SW ¼ Fract. Sec. 18 and NE ¼, NW ¼ Fract. Sec. 19, all in Twp. 57, Rg. 24). He donated 40 acres to the railroad for the first depot. He was elected Judge November 4, 1862. A member of the Baptist Church and Masonic Lodge. There were eight children in the family. He was my husband’s great-grandfather. Ashford Allen Stone, my husband’s grandfather, was one of his children. He was born December 19, 1840. He married Mary Hoythey (later changed to Hoy). They had four girls: Susie Stone Stamper (my husband’s mother), Blanche Stone Galbreath, Martha (Mattie) Stone Drake, and Mary (Mayme) Stone. He was a Civil War veteran. He was a member of the Baptist Church, Masonic Lodge, and also served as Judge of the County Court. His father retired from farming in 1860, and that is when he took over this place. It was sold to a relative, James Plunkett, in 1884. Susie Stamper had four boys: Herbert, Ashford Jackson, John, and Harry Ashford was born July 21, 1897, and died August 23, 1948. He married Hazel Kent, and they had six children: Mary (Bosler), Susan Potts, R.N., William N., John Allen, Bessie McGinty, R.N., and Ashford Jackson, Jr. He was a veteran of World War I, a member of the Composite Regiment known as Pershing’s Own. He was also a member of the Baptist Church, Masonic Lodge, The American Legion, and V.F.W. On our farm, known as the A. J. Stamper estate, besides my home, William and John both have homes. It is a ‘hilltop’ farm-a wonderful place to live-for the grandchildren to hunt arrowheads and wildlife. All six children are members of the Baptist Church, and all three boys are members of the Masonic Lodge. William was in the Air Force in World War II. John was in the Navy in World War II until he retired. Susan was in World War II as an Army R.N. There is a family cemetery on the place known as the Stone Cemetery, where most of those deceased are buried. - Hazel Stamper Remick

Holton R. Rickenbrode (Rickenbrode)

Solomon Rickenbrode moved his family from Clarion County, Pa., to the quarter section (NE ¼ of Sec. 26, Twp. 56, Rg. 23) of "raw land" he had purchased from Robert Browning in the fall of 1869. For a few weeks the family lived with a cousin (Martin Kapp) while he prepared a temporary home for the family and a shed for wintering the stock. They had brought the skills learned and practiced in their home in Pennsylvania, which was no longer a frontier settlement, a flax wheel, and a complete set of carpenter’s and cabinet maker’s tools. It was said that the first February in Missouri was so warm that they wrote back to relatives that they had come into a wonderful country for they had planted some garden seeds. Needless to say, they never again tried to plant a garden in February. The oldest son was soon enrolled in Kapp school; the other two children were not of school age. The "raw land" had prairie grass on the northern 2/3 of it, and timber along a creek in the southern part. Some of the fences between the fields were planted hedge (osage orange) which turned stock well and had to be trimmed regularly. There was a never-failing spring in the creek bed, but wells and cisterns had to be dug for the farmstead. As the years passed Mr. Rickenbrode "broke" the sod, and constructed larger and better buildings. The barn was enlarged using 12" beams, and it was put together with wooden pins. It is still in use, though the shingle roof has been replaced several times. Originally there was a threshing floor with a two-section granary for horse feed in the middle of the main part, with stanchions for cows and horses on either side, and a hay mow to hold enough hay to winter many head of stock.

The seven-room house was a story and a half with Victorian trim along the eaves, around the top of the front porch, and windows. Inside there was a hand-carved, walnut molding around the windows and doors in the front rooms and front hall with its circular stairs. There were many closets with built-ins opening into the large kitchen. Eventually a summer kitchen was added to the west side of the house. Grouped around the house were a cave with cave house, a carpenter shop, a blacksmith shop, and a smoke house. There was no flax raised, so after spinning the loose flax she had brought with her, Mrs. Rickenbrode had no more use for that skill. She dried apples and peaches before there were any cans to be purchased, raised a large garden so that kraut was made and potatoes, cabbage, and other root crops could be stored in bins in the cellar under the house. Butter would be made in the summer and stored in crocks (with a layer of salt on the top). When at first tin, then later glass, cans became available, fruits were canned, including the wild blackberries and gooseberries that grew in the timber. The family butchered several hogs each winter, so that there was lard "tried out," sausage, head cheese, and pickled pigs feet made, Since the stoves were wood burning, the ashes were placed in open, elevated barrels, so that lye could "leach down" and be used for making both soft and hard soap for laundering clothes and for toilet soap.

Between the house and the barn were the chicken’ houses, and a granary with tight bins for wheat and oats. This granary was gradually lengthened to have a carriage house, corn crib (ear corn) and a hog house. Also built near the barn was another shed for storing wagons and machinery, and a corn crib with a driveway between the two cribs. As most farms of the late 19th century, this farm was almost self-sufficient. Mr. Rickenbrode, his sons, and hired men used walking plows and cultivators for raising the corn. Then as riding equipment became available, it was used. The excess eggs and butter were taken to the store and traded for goods not produced at home. Grain and hay were fed to cattle, hogs, horses, and mules, and thus marketed. Cattle would be driven to a railroad siding, but hogs had to be taken in wagons. Mr. and Mrs. Rickenbrode were Lutherans in Pennsylvania, but soon joined the United Brethern Church which had established an academy and later a college in Avalon. They sent all three children (only the oldest continued until he received a degree) to this educational institution.

In the earliest years, mail came to Asper, about three miles southwest. When there was a post office established at Avalon, the mail could be gotten whenever any member of the family would call for it at the post office. Eventually, the R. F. D. was established and mail was delivered to their own "box" located at the crossroads a quarter of a mile east of the house. This route came from Hale. The local weekly (Avalon Aurora) was not published many years, then the Hale Leader was the source of local news. Farm papers were subscribed and occasionally city papers were taken.

As Mr. Rickenbrode prospered he bought more land in the adjacent north section, so that he had a 40-acre plot for each child. The oldest son F. W., lived in a four-room house in the plot directly across the road to the north until he purchased his wife’s family farm and moved to it in 1900. The younger son continued to own 80 acres for many years. He was a teacher for many years at the State Normal School at Maryville now Northwest Missouri State University. He was honored by that institution when it named its athletic field for him. The daughter spent the first year of her marriage with her husband who was doing graduate work in chemistry in Germany. After returning to the United States, her .family eventually moved to California where her husband was a teacher in a senior high school and junior college at the time of his death.

In the early part of the twentieth century, Mr. Rickenbrode had a family in the house across the road. They did most of the farm work, so that he managed the work and mostly did chores. After his death in 1912, Mrs. Rickenbrode remained in the big house for a number of years. The farm remained as an "estate" in the family until F. W. and his son, Holton R., finally bought it from the other heirs. For a few years it was rented, then the new owners began to change the type of operation with the coming of power machinery. The fields were gradually enlarged by bulldozing out the hedge fences; terracing was done and liming and commercial fertilizer came into use. The small amount of timberland still existing has been cleared of brush and grass planted there.

At the death of F. W. Rickenbrode, the Holton R. Rickenbrode family became the sole owners, and the change in farming operations accelerated. The farm now consists of the original quarter section and the 40 acres directly across the road north of the farmstead.. The barns, without the threshing floors and stanchions, were used to house cattle, and hay was stored in bales in the mow. All the small buildings between the house and the barn were torn down and a single metal building erected. Holton R. and wife, Helen Canning Rickenbrode, began restoring the Victorian house, where they eventually moved in 1962. They tore away the summer kitchen and extended the house to the south, without changing the original roof lines and general appearance. The house now has LP heat, electricity, modern plumbing, central air conditioning, and larger rooms on the first floor. All the land has been "seeded down," and a cow/ calf operation is in use. - Francyl Rickenbrode

Holton R. Rickenbrode (Roberts)

Joseph D. Roberts moved his family from Ohio to a farm near Cottonwood Grove (a small settlement in Cream Ridge Township) in 1869. His livestock included sheep. The oldest son drowned while helping to wash the sheep in Medicine Creek. His house burned so that he lost much of the household equipment he had brought west. In a few years he sold that farm and bought land near Avalon. There he had a general store in part of his house (later the telephone office) and his sons were to do the farm chores, etc. After a few years he built a house and barn on his land east of the north-south road (now JJ). The family no longer operated the store. Mr. Roberts was attracted to Avalon in order to educate his children (four sons and four daughters) in the new Avalon Academy (later Avalon College).

After Mr. Roberts’ death in 1884, Mrs. Roberts and the sons continued to operate the farm. Three of the daughters and two of the sons taught school. Two of the daughters married and lived in northwest Iowa. The oldest son went to Chicago and obtained an M. D. degree. Finally, Mrs. Roberts and the two younger sons, now both married, were left in the old house. The oldest daughter married F. W. Rickenbrode and went to live on the Rickenbrode farm south of Avalon. In 1900 the F. W. Rickenbrodes bought out the heirs and moved into Mrs. Rickenbrode’s former home. The first year, 1901, was a disastrous drought year and hard times followed, As Mr. Rickenbrode prospered, he built a large addition to the existing barn. He moved. a barn from a different field, built a summer kitchen and adjacent shop to the east wall of the house. He also built a chicken house and hog house. He had much more stock than was normally raised on so small a farm. For a while, he milked cows, using a hand-powered milk separator and sold the cream to the new Co-op creamery in Chillicothe. Field crops were raised with horse-drawn machinery, and barn manure was scattered for fertilizer. A large cistern collected the rain off the roof of the large barn; this was used to water horses and cattle. Ponds were used for watering hogs. A well 220 feet deep was drilled and a windmill used to pump the water into a concrete watering trough for horses and cattle. Rotation was practiced in the grain fields; corn, oats, clover hay, and some cow peas were grown. Enough hay was usually raised to winter the horses; the cattle also ate cane and corn fodder. Hogs were usually fattened to 350 to 400 pounds and sold at almost a year of age. The additional corn necessary was usually bought from neighbors; and sometimes it was hauled six or seven miles.

By the time this country got into World War I, farm life began to change rapidly because of the more common use of gasoline engines. Mr. Rickenbrode bought his first car, a Model T Ford, which necessitated a new building. A garage was built large enough that part could be used as a repair shop.

Threshing of small grain (oats or wheat usually) was done with a threshing machine drawn from farm to farm by a steam engine. Several farmers formed a "ring" and would hire some owners of a threshing "rig" to thresh for all the members of the ring. When the threshing machine was pulled into a farm lot, the other members of the ring brought wagons with grain boxes or hay racks to haul the bundles of shocked grain directly from the fields to the machine. The steam engine was always "set up" at a distance from the machine to minimize the danger of sparks from the coal-fired steam engine setting fire to either the un-threshed bundles of grain or the straw stack. This cooperative effort lasted until one man’s threshing was done, then the machine was taken to the next farm, etc. Threshing time might extend several weeks in the summer depending on the weather (rain or heavy dew would stop operations) and the number of acres each man had sown to grain. Besides the drivers of wagon teams, there were several men necessary to pitch "the bundles" on the wagon in the field. The "stacker" was the man who stacked the threshed straw blown from the machine to build straw stacks. This job required a special skill. The thresher’s dinner was served by the housewife at noon. It consisted of great quantities of hearty food, such as meat (roast beef, fried ham, and/or fried chicken) and many vegetables, quantities of iced tea, with pie and/or cake, and maybe ice cream. Sometimes supper was also served, but mostly the men had to get home in time "to chore" before dark. After finishing the eating of a huge meal, and a rest of possibly half an hour, the men would "hitch up" the horses-which had been unhitched, watered, and fed before the meal-and continue work for four or five hours.

Corn was harvested in the fall and/or winter. A team and wagon, having one side of its grain bed built up to form a "bang board," was used. The driver would start the team "down a corn row," then he would walk alongside the wagon, shucking the ears, one by one, with a special hand motion and throwing them into the wagon box. A skilled person might shuck a wagon load in half a day. Sometimes the ears were "snapped" (broken off the stalk with the husks left on) and stored this way. One could "snap" a load of corn quicker than "husk" or "shuck" one. If the weather permitted, "corn picking" could be finished before the worst storms of the winter set in. Sometimes in a "wet season," all of the corn could not be gathered before spring, almost having the new crop planted on the heels of the harvesting of the previous year’s crop.

If hay was scarce, some farmers would cut the corn stalks before they were completely cured, and form a corn shock in the middle of a plot of ground 16 hills square. These shocks were tied with binder twine. The corn had to be shucked out of each shock later in the season, then the corn fodder would be scattered out in a pasture field for the cattle (and horses) to eat. Some farms had silos for storage of "chopped green corn" and in later years, "pit silos" were also used to obtain a maximum amount of food from a given acreage. Mr. Rickenbrode used all of these methods of harvesting at various times, according to the weather, time, and extra labor required.

Horses became a luxury and gasoline replaced grain and hay as the requirement for "horse power." The mechanical equipment became more complicated and expensive, breakdowns and repairs became the causes of lost time and extra expense. The increase in the production of grain and meat was considered very patriotic during World War II "to win the war," and after its conclusion, to help feed the starving peoples of the world. Some of the pasture and meadow land were "plowed up" so as to have more land for the desired corn and soybeans. F. W. Rickenbrode had added ten acres to his original acreage. Some years additional land was rented, usually several miles away, because there was no land nearby for sale. Holton Rickenbrode bought 40 acres "on the bottom" (Grand River overflow land) some three miles north of Avalon. When the season was good, the yield was greater on such land, but some years there would be a flood, and no crop.

F. W. Rickenbrode continued to live on the farmstead after the death of Mrs. Rickenbrode in 1951. They had always "raised chickens," which produced all the eggs and chickens for their own use and at times, some to sell. As with many farmers, the "egg money" frequently bought most staples. A large garden also was raised. Mrs. Rickenbrode canned many quarts of fruit and vegetables to enhance the winter diet. There had been a small orchard near the h6use when the farm was purchased, and during the first decade or so, cherry, plum, and peach trees were planted. As the years passed, the trees died and were never replaced. Farm families generally were no longer producers of all their own food.

As Holton Rickenbrode and his family gradually took over the management and work of all farm land, the land adjoining Avalon was used more and more exclusively for corn and soybeans with some rotation of other crops. The south f arm was used for pasture and hay production and the cropped land would be seeded down. After F. W. Rickenbrode’s death (at the age of 101 years) the Holton R. Rickenbrode family became the sole owners of all land. Their family consisted of two sons, both of whom worked on the farms during high school, and sometimes after that. Upon graduation from college, both sons went into other types of work. The older son’s college career was interrupted when he volunteered and spent five years in the Coast Guard. Upon completion of his service, he was discharged with the rank of Lieutenant Junior Grade, and then continued his interrupted college career. Upon graduating as a mechanical engineer, the younger son (by this time married) worked a year for NASA (not too far from the university) while his wife completed her degree. Immediately they moved to Ohio.

After F. W. Rickenbrode’s death, the house was left with much of the family accumulations intact. Particularly his large library of books and files of magazines, as well as furniture, were not disposed of. The house was locked and often visited by various members of the family to obtain articles, hunt records, etc. When the house burned, having caught fire from a grass fire in a neighboring lot, some of the library burned for 24 hours. Many family heirlooms and records were destroyed.

Now, part of the land in this farm is "cropped on the shares." Modern practices of liming and of using heavy applications of commercial fertilizer are used. The hog and chicken houses are unused. The other barns may house machinery and extra hay bales. After harvest, cattle from the south farm are usually brought to this place to "clean up" anything that can be used as forage, then the barns may be used to shelter the stock. Sometimes grain is stored in metal grain bins on the farm, but usually it is taken directly from the combine to a commercial elevator. - Francyl Rickenbrode

Verl E. Roberts (Uhrmacher)

Nicholas Uhrmacher (1818-1914) and Catherine (Sebastian) Uhrmacher moved with their family from Milwaukee, Wis., to Livingston County, Mo., in 1870. They were of German origin. He was a shoemaker by trade. They settled on 80 acres that lie on a ridge between Medicine Creek and the East Fork of the Grand River. Here they built a two-story frame house. They lived here the remainder of their lives and are buried in the May Cemetery.

A son, Joseph (1866-1957), was born in Wisconsin. He grew up on this farm, attended school at Cottonwood Grove, which was before Maple Grove Public School No.20 was built. In 1886 the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railroad was surveyed across the farm. Members of the grading crew boarded at the Uhrmacher home. East of the house is a fill. Wheel scrapers, horses and mules were used. A mule died in the harness and was buried in the fill. Joseph Uhrmacher married Louise Gardner (1871-1940). She was the daughter of George A. (1843-1915) and Tina (Ganter) Gardner. The parents were of German origin. The father was killed in the Mexican War. George served in the Ohio Volunteers from 1861-1865. He came to Livingston County in 1883. He farmed and had business interests in the new town of Chula, merchandising, milling, and President of the Exchange Bank of Chula, Mo.

Mr. and Mrs. Uhrmacher lived on this farm all of their lives and added to the house which is now 100 years old. She was a talented artist. They were the parents of one daughter, Georgia (1906-1970). Georgia attended Maple Grove School, St. Joseph Academy, Kirksville State, and the University of Missouri where she received a Master’s Degree. She taught for several years. In 1937 Georgia married Verl Roberts who grew up on an adjoining farm. They were the parents of James, Richard, Joseph, Judith (Thomas), and Ann (Campbell). - Verl E. Roberts

Verl E. Roberts (Roberts)

Luellyn Roberts was born in Wales in 1840. He served as a volunteer in the 12th Mo. Cavalry, Civil War. He married Ida Critten. They came from Daviess County to Livingston County in 1873. He died the following year and was buried in the May Cemetery. A son, Elmer R. Roberts (1873-1939), was born in Daviess County. He attended school at Maple Grove District No. 20. He worked on the Milwaukee Railroad for seven years. In 1900 he married Bessie Woods. They were the parents of Nola Roberts Patterson and Verl Roberts.

George W. Rockhold

This farm is located about two miles west of Utica, The first owner in 1840 was Ora T. Kirtley. John Rockhold (1814-1877) of German origin and Mary A. Cave Rockhold (1822-1886) bought this farm in 1868. John Rockhold had previously bought land in the same township in June, 1835. At his father’s death, the land passed to his son, Asa T. Rockhold, one of nine children. In 1948 George Rockhold became the owner. He was born in Utica. When he was one year old, he moved with his parents to this farm. He is now 85 years old and still lives on the farm. He had a sister, Lennie R. Rockhold Moore, wife of Jessie Moore. Mr. Rockhold is a member of the United Methodist Church. Mrs. Rockhold is deceased. There was a Rockhold family cemetery on one of the early farms. Many of the family are buried in the Utica cemetery. - Wayne Rockhold

Harry and Viva (Watson) Sanson

David Hathorne Watson, born 1825, and wife, Mary, born 1824, moved by covered wagon from Wheeling, West Virginia, about 1871, along with other families to Wheeling, Missouri. They had four sons: Ellis, Arthur, Emery David, and Carl, also a daughter, Lou. They settled on a farm about 11/2 miles south and east of Wheeling, Missouri. They built a small house: later they built a two-story house that stood until 1975. They farmed and raised cattle.

Three of the sons grew to manhood, married, and left the farm, leaving Emery with his parents. Mrs. Mary Watson died August 8, 1894, at the age of 70. On December 24, 1903, Emery David and Vi Dora Adams were married by the Rev. Heaton at Meadville, Missouri. They lived on the farm with his father, who died May 19, 1905, at the age of 80 years. Both he and his wife are buried at the Botts Cemetery, north of Meadville. Three children were born to Emery and Dora Watson, Viva Ann, Glen, and Harold. Emery and his wife took over the farming of their 80 acres and later bought more land. He and his sons farmed with horses; their mode of transportation was with horses and a surrey or wagon. The surrey had headlights on each side, burning kerosene. Later they bought a seven passenger Studebaker car in the year of 1912.

A colored man and his wife moved in one house and helped what they could. At one time they had been slaves. They were known as Uncle Harrison and Aunt Zetta to the entire neighborhood. The three Watson children went to the South Wheeling School for eight years, and then to the Wheeling High School. The land for the South Wheeling School was given by the Scruby family in about 1874. At one time this school building doubled for Sunday School services. And, of course, spelling bees and pie and box suppers were held there often. In 1940 this school closed and the pupils were taken by bus to the Wheeling Consolidated School. The last to teach was the late Mr. Hobart Sprout. In 1948 the building was sold to Abie Corzette.

All of the early farming was done by horses, the wheat was cut by a binder, and later threshed with a steam engine and thresher. Wheat was taken to the mill at Chillicothe and exchanged for a supply of flour. All corn was shucked by hand. Years later came the pickers, and now the shellers, to harvest the corn. The corn and grain were put through their big grinder, driven by a gasoline engine, for cattle and hog feed.

In 1905 both Emory and Dora Watson joined the Wheeling Baptist Church. Mrs. Dora Watson was born January 7, 1873, died in July, 1923. Emory David Watson was born August 8, 1868, and he died May 23, 1942. Both were buried in the Wheeling Cemetery.

In 1942 Viva Ann (Watson) Sanson and her husband, Harry Sanson, and family moved on the 80 acres where her parents and grandparents had resided 71 years before, making this farm in one family for the past 105 years. They are the parents of five children, Charles David, William Harry, Jr., Stanley Eugene, Jerry Ray, and Mildred Ann. All went through the Wheeling school and graduated from the 12th grade. All belonged to the Wheeling Baptist Church. Charles served in the U. S. Navy for six years and Stanley served four years.

The children of Viva and Harry Sanson held a 50th Wedding Anniversary reception for their parents in December of 1975. Farming continues on this 80 acres besides the rented ground, also raising stock, milk cows, and hogs. Now with modern machinery farming has changed a great deal. The 100-year-old house was taken down in 1975 and replaced with a new, three-bedroom mobile home. - Harry and Viva Ann Sanson

George and Ruth Seiberling

Henry Moser Seiberling was born at Seiberlingsville, Pa. (near Allentown), in 1838. When the Civil War broke out he joined the Second Illinois Cavalry and fought with them through the Tennessee battles all the way to New Orleans. While in Illinois he met Carrie Edel, who had been born in New York City in 1844. Her family had moved to Illinois and were living on a farm in the western part of the state. They were married in late 1864, and early in 1865 moved to a farm at Mexico, Mo., where Henry M. Seiberling worked as a farm hand in an orchard. In that fall their first baby was to be born, Carrie Edel Seiberling went to Warrenton, Mo., to stay with an aunt and uncle. The uncle, Mr. Koch, was president of the German Methodist College in Warrenton. Charles Milton Seiberling was born in October, 1865, in their home.

When Henry M. Seiberling had saved enough money from his job, he arranged to buy a farm from the Hannibal & St. Joseph Railroad near Chillicothe, Mo. He and his wife and small son came to Chillicothe in the fall of 1868. They were accompanied by Henry’s cousin, Henry Moser and his wife. The five of them lived in a log cabin on the Mose Bowen farm during the first winter while they were building frame houses on adjoining 40 acres. The first Seiberling house had only two rooms, but as more money was available, rooms were added until it became a story and a half. Katherine or Katie Seiberling was born in 1869. Henry M. Seiberling became a Justice of the Peace in Blue Mound Township. The family attended Sunday School in a log school house west of the present site of Liberty Church. Later the Sunday School moved to Kincaid School, and in the early 1890’s when Liberty Methodist Church was started the four Seiberlings became charter members.

Three large barns were built between 1892 and 1901. An orchard was developed. They developed a beef herd of Shorthorn and Hereford cattle and milked Jersey cows. They did general farming. Gradually five more 40-acre plots were added to the farm.

In 1901 Charles married Estella Linton, who had been born northwest of Avalon in 1878. She was the daughter of Joseph Wilson and Malinda Keener Linton who had moved to Avalon from western Pennsylvania. She had attended school at Avalon Colleg6 and had taught school at Condron. They continued to live on the home place. The same year Katie married William D. Steele, a neighbor. Charles Milton and Estella Linton Seiberling had three children. The oldest daughter, Edith, died of scarlet fever in 1934. The second daughter, Lena May, married Buel B. (Jerry) Bowen in 1944; and the only son, George Henry, married Ruth Elizabeth Cochran in 1946.

The Seiberling home had been remodeled in 1916 to a square house with ten rooms. This house burned in 1933 and a new home was built at a total cost of $4000. Henry Moser Seiberling died in 1914. His wife, Carrie, died in 1925. Charles Milton Seiberling died in 1954, and his wife, Estella, died in 1947. Jerry Bowen died in 1959.

George and Ruth Seiberling have three children: Carol Ann, who married Brad Roush in 1973. They are the parents of a son, Justin Christopher Roush, and live in Maryville, Mo. David Mark Seiberling married Cindy Lou Bate in 1974 and resides in Chillicothe. Martha Sue Seiberling was born in 1962 and is a junior high student. All have been active members of Liberty United Methodist Church and have taken an active part in the Liberty 4-H Club. - George and Ruth Seiberling

Willard A. Silvey

In 1836 John Silvey purchased 273 acres from Alexander Silvey, who had bought it two years earlier from the U. S. Government. He built a log house sixty feet long with fireplace chimneys in each end and a breezeway through the middle. He took honey, bacon, and tobacco to Brunswick by boat, and brought back food and supplies. At the time of the Civil War bushwhackers at night attempted to rob him and burn the house. He was shot in the calf of the leg. He escaped and was treed by timber wolves who were attracted by the blood.

In 1866 the farm passed to Joseph W. Silvey, a son. In 1903 Joseph Silvey built a brick house near the site of the old log house. The bricks were burned on the site. This house is now occupied by WillArd A. Silvey, a grandson. Roy Silvey, a son of Joseph, was born in the log house in 1898. He was a small boy when the brick house was built. While playing near the log house he and his sister found some gold coins that had been buried near the chimney, perhaps during the war. Mr. and Mrs. Roy Silvey built a house not far from the old house where they lived. There is a family cemetery north of the home site in the timber pasture on the point of a ridge overlooking Grand River bottoms. This is the final resting place of early members of the family. Also the Ballews and Canterburys.

There was a ford across Grand River northwest of this farm that was used until about 1922 when the river was straightened. There is also a good vein of coal on the farm that was used as blacksmith coal in Chillicothe, Mo. On the bluffs on the west side of the river near the mouth of Locust Creek, is the site of an early French trading post. The Indians caused so much trouble that after a time it was abandoned. About 1840 the town of Grandville was started here. Later there were two stores, a tobacco factory, and a dress shop. The town never survived due to a cholera outbreak and a bad reputation. A man was murdered there. The town was not a part of the Silvey farm at that time. The farm has been enlarged to more than 1000 acres and is devoted to general farming.

John Silvey (1814-1880), came from Howard County and is buried in the family cemetery. Richard Silvey, stagecoach driver from Chillicothe to Brunswick during the Civil War, is buried in the family cemetery. Joseph W. Silvey (1863-1938) is buried in the Cameron Cemetery; his wife, Weltha Daugherty Silvey (1872-1946), is buried in the Cameron Cemetery. Roy Silvey, born 1898, was married October 27, 1923, to Bernice Crosley, born 1902. They have three children: Willard, born 1925, is married to Irene Stinson, April, 1948. Children of Willard and I r e e n are, Leonard (1950-1974), drowned in Grand River, and Loyd 1952; Veda, married in 1951 to Wilbur Wilson, Jr., their children are, Kenneth 1952, Everett 1954, Gerald 1956, and Kathryn 1958; Norma, married in 1954 to Robert Damm of Independence, Mo., they have one child, Roxanne, 1961. Three generations of the Silveys attended the Leaton School. - Roy Silvey

Mrs. Brock Smith

Washington and Hannah Smith purchased 160 acres of land in Livingston County over 100 years ago. They came to this country in a covered wagon with their four surviving children in the year 1859. The family first settled in Grundy County, moving two miles north of the later location of Chula when they purchased a tract of land located in the NW ¼ of Sec. 10, Twp. 59, Rg. 23. The land was sold on October 9, 1867, by the state, at the courthouse door in Chillicothe on a quit claim deed for taxes, interest, and costs of $37.45, owed for the year 1864. According to records furnished on the abstract, this land was forfeited to the state for want of bidders when it sold at the courthouse on the 18th day of November, 1864, for taxes, interest, and costs thereon amounting to the sum of $54.95.

Mr. Smith, born March 25, 1814, and his wife, the former Hannah Ramage, born on June 24, 1816, were reared, and married January 1, 1839, in Belmont County, Ohio. The couple later moved near the town of Antrim, in Guernsey County, Ohio, where all six of their children were born. Two of the children died at an early age. Those coming to Missouri with their parents were, Mary Ewing Smith, John Alexander Smith, and twins, Joseph Washington and Robert Smiley Smith.

The family set up housekeeping in a dwelling on the above land and around 1870, the three sons built the present home for their parents. A landmark of this site is a large "jack" pine tree planted by the mother in the front yard, which is still standing. Washington Smith lived here until his death, February 2, 1892. His widow resided with a son, Robert Smiley Smith and family, until her death on February 6, 1902. Both are buried in the May Cemetery, 21/2 miles southwest of Chula, Livingston County, Mo. After the mother went to live with the son, a grandson, James Smiley and his wife, the former Lillie Ellen Steen Fifer, 1901, Denver, Colo.; James L. Steen, 1902, Cut Bank Mont.; and Lee M. Steen, 1905, Chillicothe, Mo. The parents are buried in Edgewood Cemetery. All generations of the family have been affiliated with the Union Baptist Church organized in 1840, and still active. Lee M. Steen is now a deacon of the church.

The Steen farm consists of 160 acres located near Sturges. It was acquired by Robert M. Steen who, with this wife, migrated from Indiana and settled on an acre tract of land, a part of the following acreage, in 1839. He acquired ownership of this 80-acre tract from the U. S. Government in 1853. The purchase document was signed by President Franklin Pierce. The same year he acquired ownership of an adjoining 80 acres. This was purchased from Eli Murphy who had acquired it from the U. S. Government in 1843. The purchase document was signed by President John Tyler. Robert Steen and family first lived in a log house. He lived here and farmed the land until his death in 1894.

Following this, James Knox Polk Steen acquired ownership. In 1915 he built a square, two-story house at a cost of about $1800. James and Spurge Crowe and Milt Newton were the carpenters. It was lighted by acetylene gas. This house still stands. He and his family lived on and farmed this land until his death in 1922.

Then Lee, his son, acquired ownership. In 1933 he married Opal Benskin, daughter of Charles and Bell Bennett Benskin. Mr. Benskin came to this area from Illinois. They have celebrated their 68th wedding anniversary and now live in Chillicothe.

Lee bought a Russell 20 h.p. steam engine and a saw mill and sawed into lumber some of the timber on the farm. Many large trees remain. He also used the engine for silo filling. 1940-50 he was an earth-moving contractor, running a drag-line and a Caterpillar tractor, at that time the largest made. He built many ponds, levees, roads, basements, and drainage ditches in Livingston and surrounding counties.

A small creek runs through the farm. For a number of years they had a herd of Holstein cattle, now they raise Angus. Lee and Opal now live in a modern, one-story brick home near the old home site. According to tradition, this area was the scene of several skirmishes during the Civil War.

This farm has remained in, been farmed, and well cared for by the Steen family for 123 years.

Mrs. Edith B., Grace, and Calvin Stone

One of the earliest settlers in the vicinity of Utica was John Stone, whose family was of English origin. Early ancestors came from the mother country to Virginia in the eighteenth century. He was born in Fairfield County, Ohio, on November 9, 1805. His father was Thomas Stone from Prince William County, Va., and his mother, formerly Miss Barbara Wise, was born in Maryland. He was the tenth of twelve children. He received a limited education and commenced farming when he was 19 years old at a salary of $13.00 per month. When 22 years of age, he married Miss Susannah Stover, a Virginian by birth.

He came to Utica in August, 1837. Soon after his arrival he joined in the war against the Mormons. In December, 1838, he purchased 80 acres of land, homesteaded by William McCarthy, for $100, which he held until May, 1855, and sold for $400. Then in February, 1864, he purchased 160 acres of land including the 80 acres he had originally bought and sold, and increased his holdings to over 1000 acres.

He was called upon to serve in various public capacities, among which was that of Judge of the County Court.

At the close of the Civil War he retired from active farming and in 1877 deeded part of his land to his children. The remaining land was divided by his heirs after his death. Judge Stone died in 1893 at the age of 88 years, his wife preceding him in 1886. Both were buried in the Stone cemetery west of Utica. He was the father of eight children.

One of them, John Calvin Stone, was born in Utica, Mo., on January 17, 1839. After acquiring a good common schooling he began farming with his father. He took charge of the home farm in the 1860’s. In December, 1877, he was deeded 100 acres by his father and later received additional land when the estate was settled by the heirs. John Calvin Stone, through inheritance and purchase, owned 580 acres of fertile and timber land.

In November, 1866, he married Miss Eliza Harper whose father, John S. Harper, was also a pioneer settler. In March, 1882, he became interested in the mercantile business and for many years operated a general store with Dr. Joseph C. Waters in Utica, and continued to-farm, a portion of his land being rented. He died October 11, 1916, and was buried in the Utica Cemetery beside his wife who had died in 1914. He was the father of three sons and left a farm to each.

William Thomas Stone was born April 29,1871. He attended the Utica school and farmed with his father, taking over the management of the home farm. He married Edith Baltis in 1902. Later he was deeded the home place of 160 acres, and in 1913 he purchased 27 acres of adjoining land which was part of the original Stone property. For 30 years he served as rural mail carrier and supervised his farm, which is now owned by his widow, Edith B. Stone, since his death in August,1953. Two children survive; Grace Stone, a retired school teacher; and Calvin B. Stone, who works for The American Legion with his office at Wadsworth Hospital in Leavenworth, Ks.

The Stone property is good farming land, raising good crops and livestock. It had at one time an extensive apple orchard. Many improvements have been made over the years. The family has always been affiliated with the Democratic Party and the Baptist Church. - Grace Stone

T. J. and Eileen Thomas

On April 11, 1870, Thomas J. Powell, his wife, Jane, and their three children, John, age 5; Alice, age 3, and Mary, age 2 months, left their home in Brecon, South Wales, to make a new home in the United States of America. The voyage from Liverpool to New York was made on the Nebraska steamship, which also used sails when the wind and weather were cooperative. Mr. Powell kept an accurate day-to-day account of the voyage, which is still in the possession of his grandson, T. J. Thomas. There were numerous occasions of rough seas, when the waves would wash overboard and wet them to the skin. They had no clothes to change to nor a fire to warm the children by, The journey was completed in two weeks.

Upon landing in New York they came immediately to Dawn, Mo., as they had relatives in that community. On May 20, 1870, Thomas J. Powell and wife, Jane, purchased 80 acres of land from the Hannibal & St. Joseph Railroad Company. A two-room house was moved from a neighboring farm to the newly-acquired acreage. Twice a week the Powell children enjoyed watching the six-horse stagecoach go by on the winding road, which followed a ridge a few yards from where the house was located.

On November 30,1872, another daughter, Margaret, was born in their new home in the new land. On June 23, 1876, Mrs. Powell departed from this life. Mr. Powell and his four children continued to live on the original 80 acres, and from time to time another 40 would be added to it. From a 40 acres nearby a larger and newer house was moved along side the original two-room house. At the time of Mr. Powell's death, August 16, 1903, the farm consisted of 240 acres. Half of the acreage was inherited jointly by Alice and Mary Powell. Upon the death of Mary, June 26, 1906, Alice Powell became the sole owner of the 120 acres upon which the original improvements were located.

On August 23, 1906, Alice Powell was united in marriage to Daniel O. Thomas, a widower with four children: David H. Thomas, a retired Presbyterian missionary now residing in Santa Fe, N. M.; Mrs. Ruth Thomas Baxter, who lives with her husband, a retired farmer, in Broomfield, Colo.; Miss Sarah Thomas, a retired schoolteacher, living in Broomfield, also; Mrs. Mary Thomas Bacon, recently widowed) of Osage City, Ks. All grew to maturity on this farm. Daniel 0. Thomas died January 23,1924. His wife, Alice Powell Thomas, died April 4, 1948. Their son, T. J. Thomas, continued to live on the farm. On April 8,1955, he was married to Dorotha Powelson who died June 11, 1963. T. J. Thomas and his daughter, Eileen, are still living on this farm. - Eileen Thomas

Mrs. Arthur (Nellie) Thompson

This farm Is in Sec. 14 -58-24 about two miles northwest of Chillicothe. It was purchased from the government January 27, 1840, by Allen P. Lile and his wife, Mary Cox Lile. She was the daughter of Joseph Cox, who came to Livingston County in 1833. In 1881 it passed to Melinda Lile Thompson, and her husband, John; in 1903, to Allen and John S. Thompson; then to a son, Allen, who was the father of Arthur Thompson; at his death to his wife Nellie, in January, 1976. See family history of Joseph Cox. - Mrs. Franklin Bonderer

Cecil, Jessie and Shirley Transue

My grandfather and grandmother, William and Margaret Transue, came from Pennsylvania to Missouri in the year 1869. They came through in a covered wagon, driving oxen. They settled first in Sec. 17 in Medicine Township, where they lived seven years before buying the present farm in 1876. They gave $11.00 an acre for it.

My grandfather was a carpenter by trade. He built the house that is on the farm today. My grandmother walked and carried a basket of eggs 11 miles to Wheeling to do her grocery shopping. This farm was prairie timber. My grandparents cleared it with axes. My grandmother could use an ax as well as my grandfather. They were clearing one day; came noon. So one of them put his ax in a brush pile, and the other one came along and set the brush pile on fire, and burned the ax. My grandfather was born September 6, 1822, and died November 22, 1893. My grandmother was born March 12, 1825, and died January 20, 1896. They were born in Danville, Pa. My grandparents had eight children, Clint, Rank, John, Isiah, Martha, Bell, Clara, and Ida. The grandparents were buried in Parson Creek Cemetery.

Isiah, son of William Transue, and Jennie Transue, my father and mother, were married in 1896, at which time they bought out the rest of the heirs, and started farming. They had one son, Cecil J. Dad added to the farm as time went, and finally had 360 acres. Isiah was born November 16, 1865, and died November 17, 1943. My mother was born November 4,1873, and died July 1, 1954.

Cecil and Jessie Transue were married October 19, 1921. 1 was an only child so I took over the farm in 1954, and farmed until about 1970, at which time I retired. We had one daughter, Shirley Eileen Transue. She was born February 11, 1928. In 1973 we sold 160 acres to Allen and Kay Tolson, and in 1974 sold 80 acres to Harold and Maxine Drake. As of today, there are 120 acres left on the farm owned by Cecil, Jessie, and Shirley Transue. - Cecil Transue

Buel Trumbo

Thornton Trumbo was born in Virginia in 1817. He married Susan Miller who was born in 1830. To this union four children were born. They came to Missouri in 1861 and lived about five miles northeast of Chillicothe. She died soon after.

In 1863 he purchased 235 acres five miles southeast of Chula for $1.25 per acre. In 1865 he married Martha Pearman Gibson, who was born in 1839 in LaRue County, Ky. She was a widow with four children. To this union were born Charles, Joseph R., Andrew H., and George 0. First they lived in a log cabin. Later they built a two-story frame house. Later he purchased some additional land where there was more timber. He died in 1901. He and his first wife are buried in the Wallace Cemetery. Mrs. Martha Trumbo died in 1915 and is buried in the Parson Creek Cemetery.

Charles Trumbo was born on the farm in 1866. In 1894 he married Sophia J. (Mattie) Reid of Sullivan County. In 1900 they moved to western Oklahoma near Woodward. They lived there two years, then returned to the home place. In 1903 they built a two-story house on the north side of the road, After 57 years of married life, Mrs. Trumbo died in June of 1952. He died in November of the same year. They are buried in the Plainview Cemetery north of Chula.

They were the parents of Emery Trumbo who married Ethel Clingingsmith. They are the parents of twin daughters, Mrs. Lowell Jackson and Mrs. Carroll Surber.

Elba Trumbo, who married Dollie Runyan, has two daughters, John and Phyllis, of Liberty, Mo.

Blanche Trumbo and Buel Trumbo stayed on the home place. She passed away in 1970. Buel was born in 1896, is a World War I veteran, and still makes his home on the family farm.

Three generations of the family have lived on the farm, which is part timber, pasture, and farming ground. Two generations attended Gordonville School.

At the time of the Civil War, soldiers stopped at this home and requested to be fed. The family, fearing the horses would be stolen, hid them in the cornfield. - Buel Trumbo

Mr. and Mrs. Kenneth Walker

Leo Tiberghein, great-grandfather of the present owners, bought 120 acres in Sec. 17, 58-23 on March 3, 1862. He was born in Missouri in 1832. He died in 1908 and was buried in the Tiberghein cemetery on the farm. The farm became the property of his grandson, John Lee Tiberghein (1888-1956), in 1904. Better known as Lee Tiberghein, he married Norma Lucile (Celia) Crumpacker. He was a farmer. In 1931 he was elected Judge of the County Court, western district. He served as Presiding Judge 1935-1942. He also served on the county Selective Service Board for 12 years. He was the father of Ruth Tiberghein who married Kenneth Walker.

Don and Eleanor Ward

Archibald Ward (September 7, 1790 - August 11, 1847), a Kentuckian by birth, of Irish origin, came to Livingston County, Mo., in 1837 from Sangamon County, Ill. He married Caroline Matilda Grayson Webber (March 26, 1800 August 1, 1862) who too was a Kentuckian by birth.

Caroline was descended from a family well known for their services to their country during the American Revolutionary War. (According to stories that have lived through the generations there were Wards, Graysons, and Webbers on the Mayflower.

They brought with them their nine children and located near Chillicothe, Mo. The Wards were prominent members of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church. Archibald was a lover of music and often instructed young people in vocal music, Three of their sons, namely, Fayette Dandridge, Charles William, and Joseph, settled in what is now Cream Ridge Township. A son, Orpheus, lived in the home with his parents. Another son, James Allen, settled in California for a number of years but later returned to Cream Ridge Township, Livingston County, Mo.

Caroline Ward was interested in education and was a leader in the establishment of the Ward School and helped to make it one of the best schools of her generation. She was instrumental in planning the Ward Cemetery. February 7, 1855, Caroline Ward became the founder of the New Providence (Ward) Cumberland Presbyterian Church. Four of the signers of the constitution were Caroline and three of her sons, Orpheus, Fayette Dandridge, and Joseph. Archibald and Caroline Ward and their son, Orpheus (died 1857), are buried in the Macedonia Cemetery. Another son, James Allen, died in 1867 and is among the first to be buried at the Ward Cemetery.

Fayette Dandridge Ward was born in Gallatin County, Ky., February 24, 1826. He was reared on a farm and became a successful farmer and livestock, raiser. His post office address was Farmersville, Mo. On October 20, 1862, he married Emily E. Graves of Kentucky parentage. To this union was born one daughter, Mary Frances (Mrs. James 0. Garr), December 29, 1865. Emily departed this life March 4, 1865 (buried at Macedonia).

October 18, 1867, Fayette Dandridge Ward married Mary E. Minor, daughter of Joel Minor. (Joel Minor formerly of Kentucky moved to Illinois, then to Iowa, and lastly to Cream Ridge Township, Livingston County, Mo., where he staked a claim. Fayette Dandridge and Mary E. Ward are the parents of three children, Robert Donnell, Thirza Jane (Mrs. Joseph H. St. John), and David Lowery.

Fayette Dandridge Ward claimed the land under the Preemption Act of 1841. The first deed was made for 160 acres on October 1, 1856, signed by Franklin Pierce, President of the United States, General Land Office of the United States. It was recorded as Certificate of the Register of the Land Office, Milan, Mo. He was noted as an active member of the New Providence Church and a wide reader of books and newspapers. He was interested in public affairs and community’ improvement. While no political aspirant, he favored the Republican Party.

The second deed was made to Robert Donnell Ward, October 4, 1909. Robert Donnell Ward (September 6, 1869 - March 31, 1948) and Lydia Emeline Hagaman (October 17, 1871 - October 11, 1932) were married January 10, 1898. (Lydia Hagaman was the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. C S. Hagaman, who came to Rich Hill Township in 1866).

Their two children are William Clarence and Ralph DeWitt. Like his father he practiced general farming and livestock raising. He was active in church work, serving many years as Sunday School superintendent and teacher of the New Providence Church. He served for years on the Ward School Board. He also served a number of years on the Livingston County Republican Committee.

The third deed was made to William Clarence Ward (birth date December 30, 1900) June 28, 1948. He too has made the homestead his life residence. William Clarence Ward and Eva Duff were married January 26, 1924. They are the parents of one son, William Don (birth date March 6, 1932). Clarence continued practicing general farming and livestock raising in keeping with the present time. Following the family tradition, he was a member of the New Providence Church, serving the church as Sunday School superintendent 19 years, the church having celebrated its centennial (September 19, 1954) during this time. He also served as elder, clerk of the session, and teacher.

The New Providence Church was officially closed in 1960. The Wards transferred their membership to the Chula Presbyterian Church. Clarence’s combined years of service in the two churches are - Sunday School superintendent, 22 years; elder, 37 years; and teacher, over 50 years. He served on the Ward School Board for 19 years, on the Chula Farmers Cooperative as board member and secretary 41 years, and on the Livingston County Republican Committee. He has served Cream Ridge Township as trustee and assessor. His formal education - Chula High School graduate (Class of 1921) and Jackson University of Business.

Eva (Mrs. Clarence Ward) holds a Bachelor of Science degree in Elementary Education, taught 33 years in Livingston and Carroll Counties, and six years at the Training School for Girls in Chillicothe. Eva Duff Ward is listed in Personalities of the West and Midwest 1970-71-72; Community Leaders and Noteworthy Americans (1973-74); the Bicentennial Community Leaders and Noteworthy Americans; the World Who’s Who of Women; Who’s Who in America; and Dictionary of International Biography.

The fourth deed was made to William Don Ward, August 24, 1974. His parents still reside on the farm, retaining a life interest. William Don Ward and Frances Eleanor Livingston, daughter of Mr. and Mrs Maurice Livingston (lifelong residents of Livingston County), were married at the Liberty Methodist Church August 22, 1954. They have two sons - Robert Dale and Donald Craig.

Don is a graduate of Chillicothe High School (Class of 1949), holds a Bachelor of Science and Master in Education degrees in Agriculture from the University of Missouri. Ho has taught Veterans Agriculture in Chillicothe, Vocational Agriculture in Tina-Avalon School, Carroll County, for six years, and served as principal. For the past eight years he has taught in the Area Vocational-Technical School of Chillicothe.

Don and Eleanor have both been members of the New Providence Church. Don has served as deacon, elder, and Sunday School superintendent. He was graduated from the eighth grade at the Ward School, making the fourth generation to attend it. Robert Dale and Donald Craig were both graduated from the Chillicothe High School, Dale in the Class of 1973, and Craig in 1974. Both boys are continuing their higher education in agriculture and farm mechanics.

On June 15, 1975, Robert Dale Ward married Miss Anita Kay Sharp, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Owen Sharp, Chillicothe, Mo. The wedding of Miss Diane Rene Kehr and Donald Craig Ward will be solemnized June 19, 1976. Diane is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Owen Kehr, Meadville, Mo. - Eva Duff Ward

Norman R. and Randy Ward

Archibald Ward, Kentuckian by birth, was born of Irish origin in 1790. In 1837 he moved to Missouri, settling in Livingston County. He departed this life on earth in 1847. He had brought to Livingston County, a son, Fayette D. Ward, 11 years old at the time. Both Archibald and Fayette D. were members of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church. Fayette D. homesteaded present farming land in the year 1855, some 28 years after moving to Missouri with his father. He departed this life in the year 1909 and is at rest in the Ward Cemetery. He spent his entire life on the farm stated above.

David Lowry Ward, one of four children of Fayette D., was born on the original homestead in the year 1876. He spent his entire life on the farm homesteaded by his ancestors. He attended school at the Ward School and served as deacon and elder of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church. One morning as a child, David was awakened by his father to see a band of Indians lined up along the trail in the wooded area encircling their home. At this time only a trail ran past the homestead.

Stories have been recalled of hauling and driving livestock to Chula, to be picked up by the railroad, and one complete day to go to Chillicothe to pick up supplies with teams and wagons. David ‘L. helped erect the Ward Community House, which was a favorite meeting place for many years. He built a new home for his family in 1911 and destroyed the old one. A sawmill moved to the farm cut the logs for the new home. David L. departed this life in 1958 and was laid to rest in the Ward Cemetery. The pride and respect of his heritage ran very deep. He took great pride in his livestock and farm.

The only child of David L. Ward, Frank Ward, was born on the original homestead in the year 1901. He spent his teenage years helping his father on the farm, attending Ward School, and later Chula, Mo., School. He worked with the crew laying the first single slab of pavement between Trenton and Chillicothe, and later on Highway 36, driving a Model T dump truck. Now retired, he resides in Kansas City. Visiting his son, Norman, and grandson, Randy, gives him many enjoyable days and many boyhood memories. Frank also was a member of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church.

Norman, son of Frank Ward, was born August 4, 1930, in the house erected by David D. Ward. Norman is the present owner of the farm. He and his son, Randy (born 1956), now reside in the home constructed by them in 1972 on the original homesteaded land. In 1975 while plowing, the plow was hooked on a sand rock, which was the footing for the fireplace in the original homesteaded house.

We, Norman and Randy, hope that in the year 2076, that our descendants are of the proud nature that we are of our heritage and ancestors. - Norman Ward

Mrs. Clinton (Zeola) Warner

William Warner was born July 20, 1807, in Barks County, Pa., and Mary Ann (Stauffer) Warner, his wife, was born June 30, 1819. They were married in Shelby County, Ind., near Flat Rock. To this union were born 13 children. Henry Clinton Warner, born October 31, 1844, was the fourth child. Emaline (Achenbaugh) Warner was born March 20, 1852. They were married September 2, 1869, in Shelby County, Ind., and moved to Missouri in November of 1869, locating near Ludlow, Missouri. To this union six children were born, Minnie May, Daniel Clinton, Noah Sylvestor, Franklin Newton, Daisy Bell, and Luna Dell.

Franklin Newton Warner married Mary Elizabeth Cain on March 14, 1906, at the bride’s residence in Livingston County near Ludlow, Mo. To this union was born one son, Clinton Alfred Warner, born February 23, 1908. He married Zeola Austin. They did general farming and raised purebred Polled Hereford cattle. Clinton A. Warner passed away August 28, 1975.

The Warner School, which was located on one acre of the Warner farm, was in operation in 1881 and closed in 1942. Earlier it was the Yahns School in another part of District 85. The last three teachers at the Yahns School were Betty (Smith) Wells, Lewis Chapman, and Dick Morgan. The school site was moved to the Henry C. Warner farm in 1881, that it might be more centrally located. Henry Warner’s eldest children, Minnie and Daniel, attended the Yahns School and the four younger children attended the Warner School which was named for Henry C. Warner. The Warner School building still stands and is located two miles west and one-fourth mile north of Ludlow.

Salaries of the school’s early teachers were around $35.00 a month. The school’s first teacher was Dick Morgan. Others were Loll Morgan, Emma Dieterich, Perry Borders, Cora (Shuman) Skinner, and Delbert Culling. There were about 40 pupils enrolled. Some of the early patrons of the school were August Yahns, David Wilson, Alec Beamer, Alfred Hamlin, Sam Berry, Henry Warner, Jess Adams, Billy Dale, and John Jarvis. - Zeola Warner

Dale and Rema Warren

John Harris Warren, 1829-1897, was born in Kentucky. He came to Livingston County in 1848. In 1851 he married Sarah Littrell, 18351875. They were the parents of nine children: James, 1852-1874, he died of typhoid fever; Thomas L., 1857-1927; J. Dillon, 1856-1939; Ellanor, 1858-1939; George, 1861-1926; William, 18661942, Homer, 1870-1932; and twins, 1875, who died in infancy.

Thomas Warren married Lizzie Darling. They were the parents of five children, Roy, Stella, Clinton, Clarence, and Hazel. Clarence married Mabel Hosfield. They were the parents of Wilma and Dale. Dale married Rema Lingard. They were the parents of four children, Tommie, Donald, Connie, and Timmie. The Warrens are mostly Baptists. They are buried in the Wheeling Cemetery.

In 1851 John and Sarah bought land from the U.S. Government, later they bought additional land from the railroad. They had a slave that was a wedding gift from Mr. Warren’s father. They lived in a log house that faced the north and an ox trail that ran between the house and barn. In 1859 they watched the building of the Hannibal & St. Joseph Railroad near the house. They also witnessed the start and growth of the town of Wheeling. Later, the nearby public road became U. S. Highway 36.

The log house burned and they built a frame house that was lived in until 1909. At that time Thomas Warren built the two-story house that stands on the farm at this time. In’1902, Thomas Warren bought out the other heirs and moved his family to the farm. He died in 1927 and left the farm to his wife, Lizzie, who died in 1936. Clarence acquired the farm, which upon his death in 1971 passed to his wife, Mabel. Clarence lived there all of his life. In 1975 Mabel deeded the farm to her son, Dale.

In the late thirties, the Warren heirs decided to harvest the timber on the farm. Clarence hired men and cut the logs. Delbert Cox of Bogard moved in a sawmill. They put up a tent to live in. They sawed about 200,000 board feet of oak, mostly into bridge plank. Many walnut logs were sold. Then large cottonwood, hickory, and other kinds. This was near Little Parsons Creek. The first tractor on the farm was a 1944 Ford.

The following is the service records of the family: Roy Warren, oldest son of Thomas and Lizzie Warren, WWI, Air Force, eight months in France; Clarence, youngest son of Thomas and Lizzie, WWI, Camp Grant, USA; Dale, son of Clarence and Mabel, U. S. Navy, three years in South Pacific; Tommie, son of Dale and Rema, Air Force 1971-75, U. S. and abroad; Donald, son of Dale and Rema, Air Force 1971-75, U. S. and abroad.

Harold, son of Buel and Lula Narr Warren, lives on a farm near Wheeling. Ralph, son of Buel and Lula, is in business in Chillicothe. John, son of William and Hathe Byrd, lives on a farm near Dawn. - Mabel Warren

Clifford and Lola Webb

Silas Smith came to the United States from Scotland in the early 1800's. He was a sailor. He immigrated to Missouri and bought a mill at Dawn, Mo. He was 50 years of age when he married Salena McCroskie age 16. They had seven children, Mary S., William S., Sara F., Francis A., Lora A., Flora, and Daniel.

In 1866 Silas sold his mill at Dawn and went to his home. He laid down to take a nap. His wife, Salena and one of the sons, went to the barn to do the evening chores and they heard a shot. The son looked out and told his mother that someone shot his dog, naming the fellow as he saw him riding away, and he knew him but we do not know the man's name. When they got to the house they found Silas dead and the houseransacked. The fellow who shot him had looked for the money he had received for the sale of the mill, but Silas had not collected the money that day. Later the man was tried for the murder but was not convicted as there was not much law then. The mattress caught fire because the man was so close to him when he shot him. He and Salena both are buried in the McCroskie Cemetery.

The daughter, Lora, married Joseph Webb. They had three sons, Arlie, Seth, and Buford. Joseph Webb was drowned in a flash flood in 1906. Arlie Webb is the father of Clifford Webb, present owner. He (Arlie) married Josephine Gier. They also had one daughter, Norma, now Mrs. Earl Flamn. Clifford Webb married Lola Eichler. They have four sons, Gary, Leonard, Dwain, and Jack, and one daughter, Mrs. Linda Roberts. - Clifford Webb

Richard L. West and Thelma M. Burgess

The first settler to own a part of this farm was William J. Wallace, whose wife was the former Mary Jane Birch. He and his wife came from Kentucky and settled in the northern part of Medicine Township in 1840. Mr. Wallace' arranged to give 29 acres to his widowed sister, Elizabeth Yates, shortly thereafter, and she and her children lived on this acreage until her death in 1852. During her lifetime she acquired an additional 17 acres from the United States Government by land grant.

Upon the death of Mrs. Yates this land was purchased from her heirs by Chapman Lightner, who had married one of the heirs, Mrs. Yates' daughter, Nancy. In 1853 Chapman Lightner purchased an additional 80 acres which compose this farm as it is today. He came to Livingston County in the year 1839. He was a veteran of the Mexican War (his service record is not available at this writing). During his lifetime he acquired several thousand acres in Linn and Livingston Counties where he and his wife reared nine children. His father was Alec Lightner of Kentucky and later of Illinois, and his mother, Corrina, was a full blood Cherokee.

Upon the death of Chapman Lightner his 126 acres, as well as additional acreage, was given as an inheritance to a son, James Lightner, who resided there until his death in 1937. Mr. Lightner, or 'Uncle Jim’ as he was widely known, was a stockman. He fathered a son by his first wife, Josephine, and five children by his second wife, Jenny Lightner. Upon the deaths of Mr. and Mrs. James Lightner, this particular 126 acres were given as an inheritance to a daughter, Virgie Hurst, and a son, George Lightner.

In 1942 Brown C. Lightner, a brother of James L. Lightner, purchased this farm from his nephew and niece and made this his residence until his death. Mr. Lightner was a horse and mule trader, farmer, and banker. His wife was the former Maggie M. Owens, and they had one child, Flo Ellen, who married John Marvin West, Jr. Upon the death of Mr. Brown Lightner, his daughter received this land as an inheritance. Mr. and Mrs. West spent most of their lives in Chillicothe where they reared three children, Betty Brown, Thelma Marjorie, and Richard Lee.

Upon the death of Mrs. West her children received this land as an inheritance. Mr. and Mrs. West's daughter, Thelma Marjorie, married Glen Burgess in 1936. They made their residence in Springfield, Ill., until Mr. Burgess retired in 1960, whereupon they returned to Chillicothe where they now reside. They reared two children, James C. of Springfield, Ill., and Chapman E. of Spokane, Wash.

Betty Brown West married Ed Seamands of Olathe, Ks., and they currently reside in Overland Park, Ks., with their daughter, Cindy.

Richard Lee West married the former Norma Lee Gaul, and they have one child, Lynda Lee West, of Columbia, Mo. Richard West is a veteran of World War II, having served in the Pacific theatre of operations where he was a member of the 35th Fighter Squadron, 8th Fighter Group, Fifth Air Force, and was the leading ace of the 35th Front Squadron. He received this nation's 2nd and 3rd highest awards for action against the enemy, the Distinguished Service Cross, and Silver Star in addition to 12 other military citations.

Mr. West and Mrs. Burgess have retained their interest in this farm to the present. The land is currently farmed for row crops, and is managed to provide food and habitat for fish and wildlife, and would be classified as hill land. It is located one-fourth of a mile north of Wallace Cemetery where many members of the previous owners' families are interred. - Richard West

Floyd R. Wilson and Alta L. Wilson

William Burrell Wilson, my great-grandfather, came to Missouri soon after the close of the Civil War in which both he and his brother fought. The Wilson family had a plantation near Blue Field, Va, General Sherman camped his army on this plantation and when they left the soldiers took every hoof and wing of livestock, every ounce of grain, and all the blankets off their beds. There wasn't enough food left in the house for the family's supper. The farm was torn up and neglected so they got a covered wagon, team, and supplies together and started the journey to Missouri. They followed the Kanawa River, reached the Ohio River, boarded a boat and traveled by water to Cincinnati, Ohio, then by land to Livingston County.

Great-grandpa (W. B.) Wilson married a widow, Harriet Elizabeth (Cox) Gibbons, who had two little girls. The state had taken over their land for delinquent taxes. A Certificate of Redemption shows he paid the penalty, interest, and all delinquent taxes, thus redeeming the land.

It wasn't until the little girls reached their legal age and Grandpa gave them their inheritance from their daddy's side that deeds were made up to put the land legally from the Gibbons name into the Wilson name; forty acres each was divided among his five sons and a price was named for each to repay him.

My grandfather, John Isaac Wilson, was one of his sons and had married Ida Young and they had two children, Floyd R. Wilson and Alta Wilson. Grandpa John passed away in 1905 leaving that forty acres to his heirs. It is now owned by Floyd R. Wilson of Kansas City, Mo., and Alta L. Wilson of Mooresville, Mo.

These forty acres are the only ones remaining in the Wilson family of the land that was divided many years ago among the five boys. The land is located in the SE ¼ of the NW ¼ of Sec. 26, Twp. 58, Rg. 25. - Donna Larson, daughter of Floyd R. and Helen (Zullig) Wilson

Clifford and Lola Webb

Silas Smith came to the United States from Scotland in the early 1800's. He was a sailor. He immigrated to Missouri and bought a mill at Dawn, Mo. He was 50 years of age when he married Salena McCroskie age 16. They had seven children, Mary S., William S., Sara F., Francis A., Lora A., Flora, and Daniel.

In 1866 Silas sold his mill at Dawn and went to his home. He laid down to take a nap. His wife, Salena and one of the sons, went to the barn to do the evening chores and they heard a shot. The son looked out and told his mother that someone shot his dog, naming the fellow as he saw him riding away, and he knew him but we do not know the man's name. When they got to the house they found Silas dead and the houseransacked. The fellow who shot him had looked for the money he had received for the sale of the mill, but Silas had not collected the money that day. Later the man was tried for the murder but was not convicted as there was not much law then. The mattress caught fire because the man was so close to him when he shot him. He and Salena both are buried in the McCroskie Cemetery.

The daughter, Lora, married Joseph Webb. They had three sons, Arlie, Seth, and Buford. Joseph Webb was drowned in a flash flood in 1906. Arlie Webb is the father of Clifford Webb, present owner. He (Arlie) married Josephine Gier. They also had one daughter, Norma, now Mrs. Earl Flamn. Clifford Webb married Lola Eichler. They have four sons, Gary, Leonard, Dwain, and Jack, and one daughter, Mrs. Linda Roberts. - Clifford Webb

Richard L. West and Thelma M. Burgess

The first settler to own a part of this farm was William J. Wallace, whose wife was the former Mary Jane Birch. He and his wife came from Kentucky and settled in the northern part of Medicine Township in 1840. Mr. Wallace' arranged to give 29 acres to his widowed sister, Elizabeth Yates, shortly thereafter, and she and her children lived on this acreage until her death in 1852. During her lifetime she acquired an additional 17 acres from the United States Government by land grant.

Upon the death of Mrs. Yates this land was purchased from her heirs by Chapman Lightner, who had married one of the heirs, Mrs. Yates' daughter, Nancy. In 1853 Chapman Lightner purchased an additional 80 acres which compose this farm as it is today. He came to Livingston County in the year 1839. He was a veteran of the Mexican War (his service record is not available at this writing). During his lifetime he acquired several thousand acres in Linn and Livingston Counties where he and his wife reared nine children. His father was Alec Lightner of Kentucky and later of Illinois, and his mother, Corrina, was a full blood Cherokee.

Upon the death of Chapman Lightner his 126 acres, as well as additional acreage, was given as an inheritance to a son, James Lightner, who resided there until his death in 1937. Mr. Lightner, or 'Uncle Jim’ as he was widely known, was a stockman. He fathered a son by his first wife, Josephine, and five children by his second wife, Jenny Lightner. Upon the deaths of Mr. and Mrs. James Lightner, this particular 126 acres were given as an inheritance to a daughter, Virgie Hurst, and a son, George Lightner.

In 1942 Brown C. Lightner, a brother of James L. Lightner, purchased this farm from his nephew and niece and made this his residence until his death. Mr. Lightner was a horse and mule trader, farmer, and banker. His wife was the former Maggie M. Owens, and they had one child, Flo Ellen, who married John Marvin West, Jr. Upon the death of Mr. Brown Lightner, his daughter received this land as an inheritance. Mr. and Mrs. West spent most of their lives in Chillicothe where they reared three children, Betty Brown, Thelma Marjorie, and Richard Lee.

Upon the death of Mrs. West her children received this land as an inheritance. Mr. and Mrs. West's daughter, Thelma Marjorie, married Glen Burgess in 1936. They made their residence in Springfield, Ill., until Mr. Burgess retired in 1960, whereupon they returned to Chillicothe where they now reside. They reared two children, James C. of Springfield, Ill., and Chapman E. of Spokane, Wash.

Betty Brown West married Ed Seamands of Olathe, Ks., and they currently reside in Overland Park, Ks., with their daughter, Cindy.

Richard Lee West married the former Norma Lee Gaul, and they have one child, Lynda Lee West, of Columbia, Mo. Richard West is a veteran of World War II, having served in the Pacific theatre of operations where he was a member of the 35th Fighter Squadron, 8th Fighter Group, Fifth Air Force, and was the leading ace of the 35th Front Squadron. He received this nation's 2nd and 3rd highest awards for action against the enemy, the Distinguished Service Cross, and Silver Star in addition to 12 other military citations.

Mr. West and Mrs. Burgess have retained their interest in this farm to the present. The land is currently farmed for row crops, and is managed to provide food and habitat for fish and wildlife, and would be classified as hill land. It is located one-fourth of a mile north of Wallace Cemetery where many members of the previous owners' families are interred. - Richard West

Floyd R. Wilson and Alta L. Wilson

William Burrell Wilson, my great-grandfather, came to Missouri soon after the close of the Civil War in which both he and his brother fought. The Wilson family had a plantation near Blue Field, Va, General Sherman camped his army on this plantation and when they left the soldiers took every hoof and wing of livestock, every ounce of grain, and all the blankets off their beds. There wasn't enough food left in the house for the family's supper. The farm was torn up and neglected so they got a covered wagon, team, and supplies together and started the journey to Missouri. They followed the Kanawa River, reached the Ohio River, boarded a boat and traveled by water to Cincinnati, Ohio, then by land to Livingston County.

Great-grandpa (W. B.) Wilson married a widow, Harriet Elizabeth (Cox) Gibbons, who had two little girls. The state had taken over their land for delinquent taxes. A Certificate of Redemption shows he paid the penalty, interest, and all delinquent taxes, thus redeeming the land.

It wasn't until the little girls reached their legal age and Grandpa gave them their inheritance from their daddy's side that deeds were made up to put the land legally from the Gibbons name into the Wilson name; forty acres each was divided among his five sons and a price was named for each to repay him.

My grandfather, John Isaac Wilson, was one of his sons and had married Ida Young and they had two children, Floyd R. Wilson and Alta Wilson. Grandpa John passed away in 1905 leaving that forty acres to his heirs. It is now owned by Floyd R. Wilson of Kansas City, Mo., and Alta L. Wilson of Mooresville, Mo.

These forty acres are the only ones remaining in the Wilson family of the land that was divided many years ago among the five boys. The land is located in the SE ¼ of the NW ¼ of Sec. 26, Twp. 58, Rg. 25. - Donna Larson, daughter of Floyd R. and Helen (Zullig) Wilson

OTHER FAMILY HISTORIES

Joseph Cox, eldest of six children and the son of Solomon Cox and Martha (or Mary) Dixon, was born on September 13, 1789, in Virginia. From Virginia the family moved to Kentucky about 1807 and then to Ross County, Ohio, where they settled near the town of Chillicothe.

There Joseph married Amy Baker on September 15, 1808, on Amy's sixteenth birthday. Five of their 11 children were born in Ohio. The family then moved to Johnson County (now Lafayette), Mo., the latter part of the year 1818. A short time later they built a raft and floated their possessions across the Missouri River to Bluffton, which was then the county seat of Ray County. Settlements of a permanent nature were made near where Richmond is now.

The story is that a wandering band of Indians came through Ray County and stole one of Joseph's horses. He tracked them into the next county, Livingston, and recovered his horse near Springhill. He was attracted to the rough terrain of that part of the county and liked it so well that he decided to move there. He and his sons went back near the place he had selected and built cabins and soon moved their families.

Solomon, his father, settled on a farm (160 acres) a few miles east of Joseph on Medicine Creek in Rich Hill Township. He operated a mill there which was sold on October 4,1844. Joseph's brothers and sons all settled near their father and grandfather. Joseph Cox was the first settler in what is now Chillicothe Township, Livingston County. History gives the date as 1833.

The first term of County Court was held at the home of Joseph Cox, in Medicine Creek Township, on April 6, 1837. Joseph was appointed of the first three county judges. His son, Solomon, was one of the first road commissioners, and another son, John, was one of the first jury members in the county. Abel, a son, served as County Clerk at one time, and in 1864-65 was Presiding Judge of Livingston County. The first term of Circuit Court was also held at Joseph’s house on July 3, 1837.

When the area became rather thickly populated, Joseph, Amy, their sons, John and Solomon, and their daughter Malinda Cox Shriver and their families set out for Texas in late 1851. They sold their land in Livingston County in September and October of that year. Some of the land was sold to Abel and Isom, other sons of Joseph and Amy.

Joseph Cox was a soldier in the Heatherly and Mormon wars, where he was chosen a commanding officer and given the title of Colonel. He died September 1869, in Lampasas County, Texas, at the age of 80. – Mrs. Franklin Bonderer

John Aleth Lowe

Born in Adams County, Pa., on January 11, 1828, he was the son of Charles Lowe, who came from Wales, and Barbara Sawyer Lowe, who was from Pennsylvania, but was of German origin. In 1830 the family moved to Drake County, Ohio. Here he learned the carpentry trade and taught school. In 1851 he married Mary Smith of Ohio who died in 1871 leaving six children, John H., Mary Jane, David M., Isophene, Angenetta, and William H. In 1872 he married Amelia Robinson of Kentucky. Their children were Lucien, Viola, and Franklin.

He served in the Civil War with the rank of Captain. He was an excellent horseman. After the war in G. A. R. parades he rode his favorite horse "Lightfoot" that carried a Minie ball in his shoulder.

Mr. Lowe had a large home library. He was a widely-known agricultural judge. The farm of 400 acres was five miles north of Chillicothe and a little west. It was bordered on the west by the east fork of the Grand River. Members of the family rest in the Anderson-Smith Cemetery. - Mrs. Harvey T. (Mignon) Sparling

Paris Family

Thomas Paris and his wife, Rebecca Watson Paris, were both born and raised in Ohio, married December 11, 1851, and moved to Illinois in 1852. They resided there two years.

In 1854 they started out in a covered wagon for the State of Kansas. When they got to Missouri near the Grand River near where Chillicothe is now, they found an empty log cabin. Weather was getting cold so they decided to winter there. In the spring they liked it here so well they decided to look around for some hill ground. They bought 120 acres in Blue Mound Township, Sec. 10, Twp. 56, Rg. 24, where they resided until 1870, when they bought land in Sec. 13 and built this house. They raised 11 children: Henry; Mary A. who married George W. Purcell; Louisa who married Joe Purcell and died at the birth of first child; John T., married Lucinda Carr; Jerome, married a neighbor girl raised by Bill McKerlie and wife (Jerome lived to be 102 years old); Phebe, married William Barnes; Elmer, married and went to Kansas; Charley, married Fannie Good and later moved to Oklahoma; Benjamin F., was a soldier and died in Kansas; George, married Loretta Baxter; and William, married Lura Odell, who makes her home in Chillicothe at Susan’s Nursing Home. Most of the children settled in this community, and his grandchildren are scattered over the whole United States. - Mrs. Frankie Jones

Tye Family

Thomas Faulkner Tye was born near Barbersville, Ky., on April 1, 1842, and came to Missouri with his parents in a covered wagon in 1856. They settled near the Livingston-Daviess County line. When the war between the States broke out, he joined the Confederate Army and served as a cavalryman during the war.

He was married January 18,1877 to Miss Nancy Virginia Buchanan, who had come from Taswell, Virginia, in 1870. They bought the farm of 160 acres in March of 1878. It was located in Sampsel Township and Sec. 5, Twp. 58, Rg. 25. They were the parents of nine children, four of whom are still living. He later acquired other acreage in the county. They were members of the Central Chapel Church, a South Methodist Church. He was a member of the Masonic Lodge at Lock Springs, and served many years on the School Board.

He raised mostly Shorthorn cattle, horses, mules, and hogs. Horses were used to do the farm work. Mrs. Tye raised Brown Leghorn chickens and turkeys. The main field crops were corn, wheat, and oats, and were fed to the livestock.

The farm is still owned by a daughter, Maude, and a daughter-in-law, Mrs. Ray (Grace) Tye. Maude lives on the farm and Mrs. Tye lives in Chillicothe. The farm is tended by two grandsons, Tom and Bill Tye. Mrs. Tye passed away November 5,1923, and Mr. Tye passed away January 6,1932. They are buried in the Lock Springs Cemetery. The home was the scene of many family reunions. - Maude Tye

FROM 1937 HISTORY

Mrs. S. B. Mumpower, 83 years old, was born in 1854, three miles east of Chillicothe. Her parents were Uriah and Margaret Kent. They came from Pittsburgh, Pa., in 1847 by boat to Brunswick and came overland to Chillicothe. In 1876 she married Stephen Baxter Mumpower. This was the first wedding in Pleasant Grove Church. She recalls making homemade soap. Lye was made by running water over hickory ashes from the stove. Tobacco was a principal crop grown on new ground. First, brush was burned on the ground. Tobacco was started in beds and when grown to proper size was set in fields. It had to be hoed, wormed, and suckered. When mature, it was cut and hung in a barn to dry, then packed in ricks to soften. After this, it was stripped and tied in hands, then it was ready for market. Mr. Mumpower had a large tobacco barn.

Mrs. Alice Kessler, 95 years old, was born in 1842 in Ralls County, Missouri. Her parents, Dr. and Mrs. J. W. Rose, came from Kentucky in 1837. In 1845 they came to Livingston County. In 1867 she married John Kessler. There were no matches and the early settlers brought fire with them which they carefully tended. Occasionally it was necessary to go to the neighbors with an iron kettle and borrow coals. One family, the Duckworths, kept a fire burning for 72 years. They had brought it from Kentucky. Bread was baked on a slab of wood set before the fire or in a covered iron pot set on the coals. Clothes were made from wool. Thread was made from flax which was raised on the farm. Three dyes were possible: oak bark, yellow; walnut bark, brown; and crab apple bark, green. Shoemakers traveled through the county making shoes where needed. Brooms were made of hickory staffs split into long, thin strips at one end.

Mrs. Isabel Raulie, 75 years old, was born in 1862. Her father, Riley Brassfield from Kentucky, settled near Springhill. Her father built a log cabin with a fireplace, one door, and one window into which a block of wood was inserted when light was not needed. There were all kinds of game. We had honey by the barrel taken from bee trees. There was no store nearer than Brunswick. Father would go there every two to three months to get flour, coffee, sugar, and salt. It would take three or four days to make this trip. There was no fruit when they came but plenty of wild grapes, plums, crab apples, and blackberries. We had sorghum and pumpkins. Later we had apples and peaches, which were dried, not canned. I have seen several two-bushel sacks of dried peaches, apples, and a bushel of dried cherries, blackberries, and pears. Father marked off corn ground with a diamond plow. I have dropped corn at the cross rows all day and helped cover it with a hoe. We raised lots of big ears of corn. Father had a big flock of sheep. Mother would spin and weave cloth for our clothes and shirts and for the men’s shirts and trousers. The w o m e n of the neighborhood always looked forward to the good time of helping others do this. My parents told of walking four miles, each carrying a child, to attend protracted meetings that lasted for several weeks. I think Missouri is a grand state and Livingston County is the best.

ONE HUNDRED YEAR CITIZENS

This section is of men and women who have lived long and useful lives of one hundred years or more. With one, exception they have lived all or a part of their lives in Livingston County. Bill Plummer, of the Constitution-Tribune, interviewed and took pictures of most of them near their one-hundredth birthday. These appeared in the paper and Mrs. J. Roy Jones saved them and supplied them to be used in this book.

N. C. Barnes was born at Avalon on November 30, 1875. He was the son of Andrew Jackson and Margaret Watkins Barnes. He was one of five children. October 1, 1901, he married Lilly Keller of Avalon, moving to Meadville in 1904. Mrs. Barnes died October 29,1961. They were the parents of four children: Mrs. Earl (Ruth) Casida, Madison, Wis.; Ralph Barnes, Meadville; Dr. Irene Taeuber, Hyattsville, Md., who died in 1974; and John Barnes who died in infancy. Six grandchildren: Dr. Earl Casida, Jr., State College, Pa.; Dr. John Casida, Berkley, Cal.; Mrs. Robert (Betty) Damerau, Denver, Colo.; Dr. Richard Taeuber, College Park, Pa.; Dr. Karl Taeuber, Madison, Wis.; and Carroll Barnes of Chillicothe; 14 grandchildren and 1 brother, Steve, Coeur de Alene, Ida. He was a barber until he retired then tended a home orchard (apples and peaches).

He has been mayor of Meadville four times. He was mayor when the town received its first electricity and when the Meadville Chautauqua was renowned. He also served as police judge. He is a member of the United Methodist Church. He has - a good appetite, walks unassisted, and reads the newspaper. He now resides in Chillicothe.

William R. Coleman (From the Chillicothe Constitution-Tribune, November 14, 1974.) Mr. Coleman will be 100 years old Tuesday. He has lived in the Wheeling community practically all of his life. He is in such good health that two weeks ago he climbed a ladder to the top of his chicken house and patched the roof. Every two weeks he rides to Chillicothe with his son, Glenn, to do his shopping. He never makes a list – keeps it all in his head and goes to several stores.

He still drives his own car, a 1949 Chevrolet. He had a little trouble renewing his driver’s license because of his age and agreed not to go on the highway. Now he drives in Wheeling to the post office and grocery store. His first car was a 1920 Model T Ford that cost $735.

Mr. Coleman was a third generation of well-drillers and worked at the profession for 70 years. He did repair work in wells and climbed windmills when he was 90 years old. When he started, well drilling machinery was operated by hand. Four men walked around and around in circles to supply the power. They could drill as much as 80 feet per day.

He enjoys fishing, takes plenty of exercise, eats regular meals, smokes a pipe, and doesn’t worry. He has three sons: Glenn of Chillicothe; Lloyd of Wheeling; and Buel of St. Joseph.

Minnie Parks Howe was born and reared on a farm three miles north of Wheeling, Mo. The farm belonged to the Elizur Jones family who had migrated from Wisconsin to Missouri in covered wagons many years before the Civil War. She attended the New York rural school and was united with the Methodist Episcopal Church North in 1887. In 1892 she was married to Volney Howe, a young farmer in the community, and they resided. on the Lewis Howe farm. Three sons were born, namely, Sterl, Ray, and Cleo. In 1922 they moved to a new home in Wheeling where they resided the rest of their lives. Volney died in 1931. She remained active most of her life and mentally alert to the last.

Thomas Hutchison (1800-1901) was born in Pittsylvania County, Va., the son of John and Jane Hutchison. In 1802 his parents moved to Casey County, Ky., the journey being made by horseback and Thomas was carried on his mother’s lap. He grew up and married Miss Poly Tate of Lincoln County, Ky. The farm they owned had a spring and a salt well on it and was located in the forks of the Green River and Indian Creek. In 1840 the farm was sold to a brother and Thomas came on horseback to northwest Missouri. Here he bought 1200 acres of land mostly in Jackson Township. He brought with him from Kentucky a quantity of bluegrass seed, said to be the first in this county.

Since early in life he has been a member of the church and for more than half a century a deacon. He, with neighbors Perry, Kesler, Ramsey, Davis, Blackburn, and Carson, built the first schoolhouse in Jackson Township. Late known as Blackburn School. He taught a term of school. He served two terms as a county judge. During the Civil War his sympathies were with the South, but he remained at home. After living a long and useful life he passed away in 1901 and was buried in Lilly Grove Cemetery.

A brother, James, was born in 1815 in Casey County, Ky., and died in 1914 at the age of 99 years, 3 months. He was buried in Edgewood Cemetery.

A CENTURY ON EARTH

With the mild rays of a February sun slowly, yet surely, forcing the frost from the crisp air, dozens of wagons, carriages, and buggies were moving along the snow-banked highways. Although some moved faster than others, and perhaps a few-the more heavily laden-were making tedious progress, yet in one thing the occupants of those various vehicles were on an equal on that day, February 26, 1900, each was to attend and participate in his first celebration of a man who had lived through an entire century. Nearly all these people were descendants of this grand old gentleman, and not a few had traveled many miles to pay him homage and to have the honor of grasping the hand of a man whose many fruitful years on earth will be a monument more glorious and more lasting than the most durable marble or granite.

On a commanding rise in the beautiful agricultural country, six miles southeast of Jamesport, and well back from the main-traveled road, is an old brick farmhouse. Like the man who caused its erection 54 years ago, it has stood the storms of life, and has given kindly shelter not only to its master and his family, but to many a tired and hungry traveler who was fortunate indeed to be overtaken by nightfall when at its threshold. Soon visitors commence to arrive at this old brick house and enter its almost sacred interior. Some of these, too, are bent with years; some are bearing the first slight marks of time yet walk with the firmness of robust manhood and womanhood, and again there are bright-faced boys and girls and toddling little children among the many visitors. The good old man near the comfortable hearth is glad to greet them all. And when they feel the warm grasp of Thomas Hutchison, the man who on that day has completed a century of living, the generosity of his life can be recognized.

Arriving at manhood’s estate he was married to Miss Poly Tate of Lincoln County, Ky., on November 15,1821, the same year in which Missouri became a state. In 1830 he became a member of the Christian Church and, until old age prevented, was a faithful, zealous laborer in God’s vineyard, He was not a Christian in name only but demonstrated his faith by his works, as many needy and afflicted people could testify.

In 1840 foreign immigrants began to pour into the United States and the country was on what we might call a "generous boom." Thomas Hutchison was undaunted by the situation and he purchased 1200 acres of fertile land in what is now Daviess, Grundy, and Livingston Counties, and in 1841 moved his family to the new home. With his customary ready judgment and insight he brought ample quantities of various seeds from Kentucky, a few of which are raised on the farm every year, and began a successful crop on the farm which has ever since been there.

In 1846 he erected a brick house, and although there are many finer ones now, it then surpassed anything of the kind for many miles around, and today stands as firm and solid as it did 54 years ago when first erected.

In 1853 he was elected Judge of the Livingston County Court and the following term was reelected. He was nominated the third time for the same office, but this was during the period when land sharks and their influence predominated in this section of Missouri, and, not wanting honest men in office, as is very often the case today, Mr. Hutchison was defeated.

The saddest blow, perhaps of his life, occurred January 21,1975, when his wife passed to her reward beyond. He is the father of ten children -only three of whom are living -and be it said to their honor, all have succeeded in following the wholesome precepts so long and faithfully adhered to by their venerable father.

During all his remarkable life Thomas Hutchison has never had a law suit.

CELEBRATING THE EVENT

On last Monday over 150 relatives and friends gathered at the hospitable home of Mr. Hutchison, who lives with his grandson, W. C. Hutchison and estimable wife on the old home place, and celebrated his one hundredth birthday. It was a memorable occasion and the joyous light which brightened the old gentleman’s dimmed eyes told plainer than words that he was happy. The hardihood he exhibited on this occasion was remarkable, and he met this throng, shaking hands with all, with scarcely a perceptible quaver in his voice.

Two of the centenarian’s surviving children were present - Dr. G. W. Hutchison, age 66, and Mrs. Mary Ann Black, age 72, both of this city as unfortunately Thomas Hutchison, Jr., who is 67 years old was ill at the time and unable to participate in the celebration of his beloved father’s 100th birthday.

After nearly all the guests had arrived and were comfortably seated about the spacious old house, the day’s program was begun by all joining in a sacred hymn, led by Miss Fannie Boyle, of this city. Prayer was then offered by Rev. E. Joseph Sarkeys, pastor of the C. P. Church, in this city, and, after another song or two, the guests settled down to reminescent conversation, and reviving recollections of the past until dinner was announced.

A crowd of the old fellows gathered around Uncle Tommy and it did one good to note how they enjoyed talking of the "good old days." There was Uncle Jimmy Hutchison, 85 years of age, Dr. W. E. Dockery, 74, and as good-natured and affable as his distinguished son-the next governor-James Hosman, 73 and in good health. Mild, honest, old "Jim" Francis, 69, and postmaster at Muddy Lane for many years; P. S. Wynn, now of Trenton, 68; James Pearl, 67; Dr. G. W. Hutchison, 66; James P. Hutchison, also 66; Dan M. Kesler, 64; and numerous others farther down toward the dawn of life. We wish it had been possible to have recorded that entire conversation and to be able to give it now to our readers just as it occurred there. Then, too, there were relatives present who had not seen each other for years, and many laughing babies who must needs be "introduced" to their uncles, aunts, cousins, etc., which caused time to fairly fly.

Dinner was announced at 11:30, the tables accommodating 22 people at one time. The older people were served first, and so on, respective of age, until the appetites of the entire company were amply satisfied. There isn’t a bit of use in the world for us to begin to tell what was there to eat. During the time we were in the dining room (and that was, needless to remark, quite a while), we saw everything good to eat which surely took many hours to prepare.

Possibly the time was after 2 o’clock when dinner was finally over, and after some very pleasing violin and guitar music by different musicians present, the photographers were given a chance and a number of pictures were taken, two very interesting of which was that of Thomas and James Hutchison and one representing five generations, the subjects of which were Uncle Tommy Hutchison, his daughter, Mrs. Polly Ann Black, his grandson, James Black, his great-granddaughter, Mrs. Dr. Girdner, and his great-great-grandson, Master Flavel Girdner.

Gathering in the house once more another sacred hymn was sung, followed by short, though appropriate addresses, by Dr. Dockery, James Francis, James Hosman, W. M. Witten, and Dr. G. D. Hutchison. Another song, a prayer by P. H. Lilly, another song, and then the benediction was pronounced by Dr. Dockery, closing the celebration of the 100th birthday of Thomas Hutchison.

MINOR NOTES AND OTHERWISE

Mr. Hutchison was seven years old when the first steamboat voyage was made; was 13 when Commodore Perry gained his great naval victory over the British on Lake Erie; was 14 when the first printing press was invented; and 15 when the two great battles of Waterloo and New Orleans were fought, one a victory, the other a defeat for the English; and was 28 when the first passenger railroad was constructed in the United States. He was 35 years old when Morse invented the telegraph and has lived long enough to see wireless telegraphy in practical use. He was 46 when the war with Mexico began, and the many changes and improvements which have taken place while this good old man has been on earth are almost innumerable.

"Uncle Billy" Witten, of Trenton, was there. He came early and when he arrived he wore a broad smile which) we do not think, ever left his face during the entire day. Mr. Witten presented Uncle Tommy with one of those old-time silk bandana handkerchiefs, and by the way there is quite a bit of history connected with this handkerchief. Mr. Witten looked all over Trenton without finding it, and then wrote to his son-in-law who is connected with a large wholesale house in St. Louis. The son-in-law, being unable to find anything of the kind in his house, was told by "Uncle Billy" to "hunt St. Louis over," as the article must be had, and it was at last found. Mr. Hutchison was very pleased with the gift. Mr. Hutchison sleeps on a bed, which is now 135 years old. Another interesting thing was a copy book which the old gentleman used when ‘readin,’ ‘ritin,’ and ‘rithmetic’ were the essen tials in education. The writing therein was done, of course, with a quill pen.

NATURAL GAS was the only newspaper represented at this celebrated occasion, but its representative telephoned details of the event to the Chillicothe papers during the day. There is nothing too good or too difficult to obtain for NATURAL GAS readers.

The editor of this paper is under obligations to Misses Fannie Boyle and Etta Hutchison for making him "feel at home" during the dinner hour. Photographer Tomas also desires to tender his thanks.

Uncle Tommy’s daily walk, when the weather is favorable, is to a feed lot south of his house and return. It is located about one quarter of a mile from the house. - Mildred Hutchison & Roy Hicklin

Ed Jones

We borrow this gentleman from an adjoining county.

After observing his 100th birthday in April, 1975, Ed Jones of Brookfield, Mo., kept more than 25 lawns mowed through the summer.

"I’ve worked all my life," says the retired farmer. "I’m not satisfied unless I’m doing something."

Born April 29, 1875, near Winigan, Mo., Jones spent most of his life on farms in that section of the Show-Me State. He lived on a farm north of Brookfield for nearly 40 years prior to retirement in 1956 at age 81.

"I was an MFA member for about 20 years," Jones notes. "I was among the first members of the Farmers Exchange when it was organized here in Brookfield."

After moving to town, Jones went to work for the community sale barn in Brookfield. He also did chores and various odd jobs around town.

Employment by the sale barn continued for 10 years. "I quit there," Jones relates. "I got too old. I got run over a time or two. And they were afraid I’d get hurt bad."

So at age 91, Jones launched a new career mowing lawns. He began by handling 50 lawns per season. This year, however, he cut back to between 25 and 30. Over the years, Jones has worn out four or five push lawnmowers.

"I never thought I’d like a riding mower," he says. "It looks like to me that they are kind of expensive."

"I mow yards because it gives me some exercise. It also passes away my time and gives me a little pocket change."

Thomas E. Jones was born at Carmarthenshire, South Wales, May 22, 1854, son of Thomas and Ester Evans Jones, He lived there until he was 13. He attended school operated by Lord Carter, who owned the land his father farmed. Tuition was a penny a week. He recalled his early boyhood in a stone house with a straw roof.

The family traveled to market in a two-wheel cart riding over cobblestones of a toll turnpike. In 1867 the father and sons, Thomas and David, sailed from Liverpool to New York. They walked to the Welsh settlement near Dawn. The women of the family came over later. The father bought 120 acres of prairie land. Thomas Jones married Ida Patrick in 1893. They farmed northeast of Dawn until he retired in 1910 and moved to Chillicothe. His secret of long life was to laugh and be happy. He died July 29, 1958, at the age of 104 years, and is buried in the Christison Cemetery. - Mrs. J. Roy Jones

Sadie Roberts was born July 11, 1872, in Freeport, Ill. November 28, 1894, she married William H. Kimball. They lived in Illinois until moving to Braman, Okla., in 1908. In 1931 they moved to Dunkerton, Iowa. She was active in church and community work and helpful in time of need. She was a farmer’s wife. In 1946 Mr. Kimball passed away. She remained in Iowa until 1951 when she came to Missouri. In 1955 she moved to Chillicothe where the last years of her life were spent. She is survived by one son, Merrill, of Hale, Mo. Also three grandsons and eight great-grandchildren. She was taken to Bolton, Ill., near Freeport, for burial. - M. L. Kimball

Miss Emma Lowry lived most of her life in Wheeling. She had a brother who was a veterinarian and another was an M. D. After celebrating her 103rd birthday she passed away at Ironton, Mo. Burial was in Parson Creek Cemetery.

Mrs. Nettie Lilly was born March 2, 1874, in Sullivan, Ill. She attended county schools, five months in winter and two months in summer. She also attended two years of high school. She taught school, worked in a shoe factory, and worked as a clerk in a store. When in her thirties she married Mr. Lilly in South Dakota. They returned to Illinois and owned and operated a fruit farm. Later they moved to California, then to Chillicothe in 1948. Soon after, Mr. Lilly passed away. They have three living children: Mrs. Rosalie Olive Satterfield, Chicago; Mrs. Mabeline Furman, Branson, Mo.; and Joseph M. Lilly, Kansas City, who attended Chillicothe Business College and married Roberta McCreary of Chillicothe. Mrs. Lilly is a member of the Presbyterian Church.

Jerome Paris (1862-1964). He was born in Missouri in 1862. His father served in the Union Army for 13 months. He remembered seeing his mother throw down the milk buckets and run to meet him when he returned. When he was 21, he went to Ford County, Ks., and homesteaded a quarter section. He was well acquainted with Bat Masterson, the famous lawman of that area. After four years he returned to Missouri and farmed in Blue Mound Township until he retired in 1956. He then went to Albuquerque, N. M., to live with a daughter, Mrs. C. E. Bartlett. He died in February, 1964, and was buried in the Blue Mound Cemetery.

Franklin Webster Rickenbrode was born August 6, 1860, in Clarion County, Pa., the son of Solomon and Mary Lilly Rickenbrode. With his parents he moved to Livingston County in October, 1869. He attended school in Fryberg, Pa., the Kapp School in Fairview Township, the Avalon Academy, and received the Bachelor of Science Degree from Avalon College with the class of 1885.

He married Ann Alina Roberts at Avalon on May 31, 1885. Their married life was spent around and in Avalon, where he was engaged in farming. Mrs. Rickenbrode died on October 21, 1950. After her death, Mr. Rickenbrode continued to live in their farm home. He was a member of the Avalon Presbyterian Church, where he was a Sunday School teacher and for many years was treasurer of that church. After finishing his formal education he taught in the public schools in Fairview Township for three years, and later was president of the Avalon Board of Education.

Mr. Rickenbrode was the first president of the Livingston County Farm Bureau, and, at one time was a member of the State Board of the Missouri Farmers Association. He was one of the organizers of the Avalon Produce Exchange (M.F.A.) and was an organizer of the Producer’s Creamery; he also was the secretary-treasurer of its first board.

His interests were wide; from the Avalon Band and the Avalon College Alumni Association of his young manhood, through an active life working for the cultural advancement of his community. He enjoyed his rather extensive library and the current newspapers and magazines. He had been a subscriber to the National Geographic Magazine since the early 1920’s and had a rather complete file of it at the time of his death. He enjoyed travel, having been in most of the states, and even across the national borders into Canada and Mexico. He was a Republican until 1932 when he changed parties to go along with his political views. He had been an ardent Bull Moose party man and was an admirer of Teddy Roosevelt. He attended the state convention of that group in Saint Louis. He was one of the original stockholders of the Citizens National Bank of Chillicothe.

As he became a nonagenarian, Mr. Rickenbrode became more hard-of-hearing until he was unable to hear the radio, which he had enjoyed since his first crystal set some 40 years before. Also the cataracts on his eyes grew so bad that he could no longer read. He celebrated his hundredth birthday with a dinner in his home in Avalon which had been kept just as he had left it when he moved to Chillicothe to be with his daughter at 818 Locust Street, two or three years before. The dinner was prepared by his daughter-in-law, Mrs. Holton R. Rickenbrode, and only his immediate family and his two grandsons celebrated with him.

After his hundredth birthday, Mr. Rickenbrode seemed to lose interest in life. He died October 19, 1961. He had been preceded in death by his only sister, Mrs. E. A. Zumbro, Riverside, Cal., and his only brother, William A. Rickenbrode, Maryville, Mo. His descendants consist of a son, Holton R. Rickenbrode, Avalon (Route 2, Chillicothe), and a daughter, Miss Francyl Rickenbrode, 1101 Northwood Terrace, and two grandsons, G. Keith Rickenbrode, Roswell, N.M., and Gary H. Rickenbrode, Sikeston, Mo. Each grandson has one daughter and one son. - Francyl Rickenbrode

Martha Ann Mantzey Turner, of German descent, was 100 years old October 24, 1975, being born October 24, 1875, two and one-half miles south of Dawn. Her parents were Gustav Leo and Margaret Johnson Mantzey. She is the seventh of twelve children. Only one other is living, the youngest, Bertha Porter, of Wichita, Ks. As a girl Martha attended the old Stone School south of Dawn which at that time was across the road from the Mantzey farm.

On Christmas Day, 1899, she married Joshua Turner of Hale who was a former teacher of the Stone School. They later resided in Chillicothe and in Kansas City, Ks. They had two children, Raymond and Nellie, both deceased. Mr. Turner died in 1938. Later, Martha returned to Dawn where she made her home with a brother, Charles Mantzey, until 1944. Since then she did housework in homes until she was no longer able. At the present she is a patient at Susan’s Nursing Home in Chillicothe.

During her life she has enjoyed playing the organ, singing hymns, sewing, tatting, memorizing poems and scripture, and reading her Bible. Although she can no longer see to read, she quotes scripture and recites many poems. She says she is very thankful that she memorized so much since she can no longer see well enough to read. - Velma Evans

Mary White, August 12, 1806 to August 10, 1907, was the wife of Marcus White. They took up land in Secs. 26 and 27 of Twp. 58, Rg. 23, in 1848. He was a veteran of the Mormon War at Haun’s Mill.

Luther J. Whited was born in 1868 in Ohio. He was the son of a farmer, carpenter, and shoemaker who served on the Union side in the Civil War. He farmed in Iowa and moved to the Avalon area in 1920. He was one of the first soybean growers in the county. He moved to Blue Mound and operated a general store. During World War II he did not like to be bothered with ration books. When Missouri adopted sales tax with Mill token, he sent them back to Jefferson City and paid the tax himself. He was one of the first to qualify for Social Security as a self-employed person. His great-grandfather lived to be -112 years old.

Mr. Whited says he has smoked, chewed tobacco, and used liquor moderately. He worked hard, never had any debts, and tried to be a friend to everybody. He recalls cutting wood for wood burning locomotives. He belongs to two churches, Ted Armstrong’s World Church of God and Blue Mound Christian Church. He now lives in a mobile home in Linn County near his son and can eat anything. He has five living children, 12 grandchildren, 89 great-grandchildren and one great-great-grandchild as of July, 1974.

ONE HUNDRED YEAR HOMES AND BUILDINGS

The first homes in this county were log houses. It is reported that one man lived in a hollow tree. The log house was usually of simple design with few doors and windows, lighted by fire or candle, heated by a fireplace (also used for cooking), and water came from a spring.

As sawed lumber became available, frame houses were built. Many early settlers were carpenters and cabinet-makers. Heating and cooking was by and on wood burning stoves, water was from a dug well or cistern, and lighting by kerosene lamps. These were one- and two-story buildings.

Around the turn of the century larger and finer homes were erected. They were mostly two-story with L or T design, with a cellar under the back part. They were the homes with the gingerbread ornamentation. Prior to this time a few brick homes were built, some with bricks burned on the scene. Many homes of this type are found along the Missouri River.

Around 1910 a popular type was the square one- and two-story houses, some with a full basement, a pitcher pump, acetylene lights (later Delco), and hot air furnaces. Following this many bungalow-type houses were built.

Through a period of war times, dry years, depression, and exodus from the farms, few houses were built in the county. As conditions improved and older houses needed to be replaced, more modern, ranch-type homes b e c a m e popular. Later building has been of more variety, one and two-story, some split level, and some with one and two-car garages attached or included.

Many old homes in the county have been replaced by mobile homes, and as farms have been enlarged, many older homes have been abandoned. A number of more recent homes throughout the county have been built by people who have full or part-time employment off the farm.

Byrd Home

This house, located one mile west and one-half mile south of Liberty Church, was the home of James and Jane Myles Byrd who came from Greenbriar County, W. Va., before 1870. They were the parents of three sons and four daughters. The house was built between 1870 and 1872. Three daughters died of "consumption" between 1872 and 1876; two of teenage and one twenty-five-year-old, who cared for them. Some said the illness was caused by wet plaster in the house. A married daughter, Virginia Marker, came home to care for her mother, who died in May, 1878. Virginia died in July, 1879.

Paul Byrd, son of James, and his wife, Catherine L. V. Gibbs, were living in the house in 1879 when their first son, Paul J., was very young. An older son, Myles Byrd, was living across the road in 1870. His oldest daughter, Polly, was the wife of Will Bowen and mother of Kate and Buel Byrd (Jerry) Bowen. Another daughter of Myles Byrd, Nora Byrd Myles, is living in Osborne, Ks. She is the only grandchild of James Byrd still living. - Mrs. Roy Shields

Arthur J. Cies Home

The farm, located northwest of Blue Mound in Sec. 27, Twp. 56, Rg. 24, was owned by Jacob S. Burner in 1855. The house was built after the farm was sold to William H. Wolf in 1866. Benjaman Johnson lived here in 1878. In 1879 it was purchased by William L. Harris of Madison County, 111. Relatives of the Harris family visited us a few years ago. They told how their grandparents struggled to survive, taking their clothing down to Clear Creek a half mile away to launder them on the rocks in the creek. Their only food was wild game and wild berries, which they gathered from the woods.

David M. Evans Home

In 1883 the farm was purchased by David M. Evans. Here, he and his large family settled shortly after coming from Wales. The house was only the one-story room and a log hut to the south. The Evans boys slept in the attic above the kitchen, entering the attic by a wooden ladder on the outside of the house. A son, Jim Evans, who had put in his apprentice as a carpenter before leaving Wales, built the two-story part, also the cave, about 1886. He did much building in the community.

David M. Evans died in 1895, but other members of the family lived here for many years. A son, David H. Evans, and family, purchased the farm and moved here in 1921. Arthur J. Cies bought the farm and moved here in the fall of 1946, after returning from military service. The rooms in the house were never changed over the years. They are very small. The siding and awnings were put on by the Cieses. - Mrs. Arthur J. Cies

Groce Home

The house, located one mile east of Dawn, was there when the Louis (Dutch) Johnson family came to Livingston County in 1866. They lived in it until 1872 when the Johnson and Groce families traded farms. It was owned by members of the Groce family until 1936, when it was purchased by Francis Gwin. The front of the house is the original part. The roof line is the same. Walnut sills and lumber in the house were brought from Brunswick before the Civil War. - Mrs. Roy Shields

The Moss Place

Missouri was admitted to the Union in 1821 as a slave state under the Missouri Compromise. At that time the rivers were the principal means of transportation, and most of the population lived in town or cities along the rivers and streams. Many settlers came from Virginia, Tennessee, and Kentucky, which were slave states, so they brought their slaves with them.

About 1831 or 1834 Jesse Nave ventured into the wilderness and built a two-room log house. One room was used for a trading post at what is now called Springhill. At first it was called Navestown, but in 1840 the name changed to Springhill, an appropriate name because the town is located on a hill surrounded by several springs which never freeze or dry up.

In 1838 a party of pioneers from Virginia and Tennessee migrated overland to Grundy County, Mo. In this group were Ruben Moss, his son Robert B. Moss, his daughter-in-law Sarah S. Moss, and his granddaughter Margaret. Sarah’s father and mother, Andrew and Anna Crockett, were also with this group. Robert and Sarah Moss had two more children, Sarah S. and John T., while they lived in Grundy County.

By this time, Springhill was a thriving town with a sawmill sawing lumber and grinding grain, a slaughtering house, tanning yard, blacksmith shop, carding machine, stone mason, tobacco factory, shoe shop, saloon, tailor, novelty works run by horse power where furniture and coffins were made, a shop where they made wagons, a saddle and harness shop, two hotels, three general stores, a drug store, and a doctor’s office. Springhill had a doctor, and a church and, parsonage for the Methodist minister.

Flatboats were used to transport the products of the county, hides, furs, beeswax, and honey, to St. Louis, and bring back merchandise in return. Livestock was also loaded on flatboats and shipped to St. Louis. The boat landing was located about a mile and a half south of the Graham’s Mill Bridge.

On April 14, 1842, Samuel B. Campbell and Elizabeth, his wife, filed a Certificate of Register at the Land Office in Lexington, Mo., for land in Sec. 31, Twp. 59, Rg. 24. The deed, or patent, to the land was granted by the United States and signed by John Tyler, President, on May 1, 1843. The original deed, which we called a sheepskin, is in the possession of our family.

Samuel B. and Elizabeth Campell sold seven acres across the southwest corner of their original land grant to Robert B. Moss. This was known as the East, or Moss, Addition to Springhill.

On March 15, 1843, Samuel and Elizabeth Campbell sold 168 acres to Andrew and Anna Crockett because the Campbells were unable to "prove up," a term used in meeting Government requirements on homesteads. Later, the Crocketts deeded the 168 acres to their daughter, Sarah S. Moss. The cost - $1.00, natural love and affection." They also gave her some slaves.

The Campbells had built a large log house on this land. My grandfather, Robert B. Moss, was a Justice of the Peace, and a schoolteacher. As a child I remember older people who came to visit my father saying, "All the education I ever got was right there- in that log house."

People in both The North and The South were very concerned about slavery. My grandfather was an abolitionist, so my grandmother sold two of the slaves which had been given to her by her parents, and freed the rest. With the money she received for the slaves, she had a colonial house built, about eight feet south of the log house. White oak logs were laid on the ground and an oak framework was built on them. The outside was covered with walnut weather-boarding, and the inside was finished with walnut ceiling boards and walnut doors and woodwork. The roof was made of clapboards nailed to sheeting.

Springhill was laid out in blocks and lots, part of which were in front of the house. So my grandmother Moss bought the land in front of the house, about three acres.

Most farmers raised sheep. A spinning wheel and loom were a part of every household. Woolen cloth and linsey, which was made from flax, were used to make the clothing. Sometimes leather was used, which was made from hides which were plentiful. My Grandmother Moss carded the wool, then spun it and dyed it. She used black for warp, and using the colors brown, red, blue, green, and yellow, which she wove into stripes, she made a wool carpet for the front room, hall, and stairs of her colonial house.

Seven more children were born to Robert B. and Sarah S. Moss, giving them five boys and five girls in their family.

When the country became involved in the Civil War, Grandmother Moss carded and spun wool, and dyed it red, white, and blue for a flag. Each of the thirteen stripes were hand-sewn together. Thirty-six stars were cut from the white wool and hand-sewn onto the blue field. This flag was used by the local militia, of which her oldest son, John, was captain. There was not much fighting in Livingston County, mostly skirmishes with bushwhackers. This flag measured 9 x 5 ½ feet, and is still in our family.

My father, Marshal A. Moss, was born in 1850. Grandfather Moss died in 1872 and Grandmother Moss in 1881. My father and the second Moss daughter, Sarah, remained on the home place. As the other children grew up and left home, they sold their interests to my father and aunt. Then, in February, 1893, my father bought her interest.

My father and his brother, William, had built the barn in 1880. This is a basement barn, built on a hillside, with rock walls for the entire basement, and with basement doors at ground level. The livestock were kept here. Eight by eights were used as sills and studding, on which a double floor was laid. The second floor is built with. a framework of 6x6s pinned together, and 1xl2s on the outside. The floor is wood, with bins for grain and corn cribs. There is a trap door and stairway to the basement. Above the second floor is a hay loft on three sides. Double sliding doors hung on a track at the front of the barn. We drove the team with a wagon-load of hay inside this barn to unload the hay. There is a cupola for ventilation on the ridge of the roof.

In May, 1893, my father and mother, Katherine, were married. I was born May 18, 1894, my brothers, Robert on May 18,1896, and Howard on February 24,1900. By 1910 the log foundation under the house had rotted, so my father had the house raised and a rock foundation laid. New weather-boarding was applied, some new windows installed, and some of the rooms were plastered. Later, they tore down the old log house, and built a kitchen, pantry, and porch to the north.

My father died April 20, 1923, my brother Robert on January 29, 1942, and my mother on October 19,1942. My brother Howard, and his wife, deeded their interest in the homeplace to me on September 14,1943, My husband, Henry W. Linhart, and I, with our daughter, Leanna, moved into the house in September, 1943. I had some repair work done, and some improvements made, including an oak floor laid, and walls plastered.

We had a spring dug out and walled up, and a water system installed which included laying 283 feet of pipe to pressure tanks, which provided running water in all buildings. The house is now 116 years old, and the barn is 96 years old.

This place was sold to Charles Ray and Johnnie Zullig in 1952. - Lena Moss Linhart
March 15, 1843 -- Andrew and Anna Crockett
August 31, 1859 -- Sarah S. Crockett Moss, daughter
February, 1893 -- Marshal A. Moss, son
September 14, 1943 -- Lena Moss Linhart, daughter
1952 -- Sold to Charles Ray and Johnnie Zullig

Charles Ray Zullig and his wife, Mary Emma, moved into the Moss house on March 1, 1955. Four sons and one daughter were born: Larry Joe on November 16, 1955; Marcia Ann on August 28, 1957; Bruce Ray on November 9,1964; Mark Phillip on July 23, 1969; and Gregory Lee on February 23, 1971.

Very soon after they moved there, the kitchen addition was painted on the outside. Later, the old siding and front porch were torn off and new boxing and weatherboarding were put on. New windows were also added. In 1964 the inside of the house was made modern. These improvements included a bathroom, kitchen cabinets, and hot water. All of the interior was made new. Cement porches and walks were also constructed. In a few years the old roof was torn off and replaced by a new one. All these things they have added to make their one-hundred-year-old home modern. - Charles Ray Zullig

Paris Home

This house was two miles north of Blue Mound. It was built in 1870, by Thomas Paris and his wife Rebecca Watson Paris. They raised 11 children here. In 1914 Charles B. Jones and Ethel Perryman Jones bought the farm. It was their home for 54 years. In 1969 it became the property of Mr. and Mrs. Harvey Harrington, a grandson. It was torn down in February, 1976, being replaced by a new home. Three families occupied this house in 106 years. - Mrs. Frankie Jones

Jesse Nave, the founder of Springhill was born in 1797, and Isabella (Dixon) Nave was born in 1802. They came from their native State of Tennessee in the year 1831 to an unknown spot in the wilderness and were the first settlers and promoters of a trading post in all this part of north Missouri. They erected a double log cabin for a home and later opened a store for the sale of merchandise. This settlement was called "Naves Town." They found an abundance of timberland, game, and springs, three things considered at that time indispensable to mankind. The first resource could be cultivated and made to yield bread. The second could be shot and made to furnish meat, and the last could be walled in and made to supply drink. This country was called a hunter’s paradise.

There were panthers, timber wolves, bear, deer, and other animals for food Bees were plentiful in the woods and tall grasses from which they got honey and beeswax. The community was orderly and friendly. Every man regarded his neighbor as his brother - no tale bearing, no gossip. They were careful what they said of their fellow man.

In 1838 the county court received $603.00 in cash. This was the county’s share of a fund from the state for the construction of roads and bridges. Jesse Nave was one of eight men the money was loaned to, with two securities required on each note. Borrowers stood by each other. No outsiders were admitted. Jesse Nave borrowed $100.00.

An election in Naves Town, August, 1838, changed "Indian Creek" to Jackson Township. In 1840 "Naves Town" was changed to Springhill because the town was surrounded by several springs that never froze or dried up.

Along about this time the first courthouse was built in Livingston County. The first bridge across the East Grand River was completed in the winter of 1843 at Graham’s Mill; Jesse Nave was one of the contractors. At the Presidential election of 1840 he served as one of the judges in Jackson Township. He remained prominent in the pioneer events of the country.

About 1840 the Methodist people of the village of Springhill wished to erect a Methodist Church. Trustees and stewards were chosen at a camp meeting. This was an open air meeting around a campfire. Finally they bargained a plot of ground from James and Lucy Nave to build a church house. They paid $25.00 for the plot where the church now stands. It cost very little as a result of the materials and labor donated by the townspeople. During the Civil War Union soldiers were quartered in the church house. One night the church burned. No one really knew the origin of the fire, but it was blamed on the bushwhackers, who lived around the country.

Church services were held in the schoolhouse for 13 years following the church fire. The schoolhouse was located on the south corner of the Marsh Moss place. At this time a new church building had been built, and it is still standing. The church was active all through the early 1900’s. By 1966 the membership had dwindled away and its doors were closed.

Springhill was regularly laid out and named in April, 1848, on the northeast quarter of Sec. 6, Twp. 58, Rg. 24. The plot is at a 38-degree angle from a north and south line.

This spot in the wilderness where the double log cabin was erected is the north central part of Sec. 6, Twp. 58, Rg. 24, which is on the hill southwest from the present home of Johnnie and Opal (Hutchison) Zullig. This home, which is over a century old, was first owned by Mrs. Zullig’s grandparents, Henry and Sarah Nave Hutchison, then by uncles William and George Hutchison, later by Opal’s parents, Charley B. and Jane New Hutchison, and is now owned by Johnnie R. and Opal Hutchison Zullig, a great-granddaughter of the founder of Springhill, Jesse Nave. This land, which is now adjacent to Route A, a blacktop in Jackson Township, is well situated and in good cultivation. There is some pasture land with springs that never freeze or dry up, which furnish an abundant supply of water for the cattle Mr. Zullig raises on his farm. In earlier days this spring supplied water for a tannery.

In 1848 Isabella, (wife of Jesse Nave and daughter of "Colonel" Joseph Dixon of Tennessee) died at the age of 46 years and is buried in the Springhill Cemetery. In 1849 Jesse Nave went to California where he died in 1850 at the age of 53 years. They were the parents of seven children: James; Nancy, who married James Pepper; Mary, crippled, in a wheel chair; Sarah, wife of Henry Hutchison; George; Jesse, now in Oregon; and Isabella, wife of William Sterling. Sarah and Henry were the parents of Charley B. Hutchison. William and George Hutchison, uncles of Opal Hutchison Zullig, are buried in Mt. Pleasant Cemetery, located northwest of Chillicothe.

By 1859 Springhill had become a place of considerable importance and at one time considered a better town than Chillicothe. Springhill had a good trading post, excellent stores, a tannery, a pork packing establishment, and a complement of shops. About 250 families and over 35 businesses were located here. The building of the Hannibal Railroad, which gave new life and prosperity to Chillicothe, and Utica, greatly injured Springhill. The Civil War, which came two years later (1861-1865), almost destroyed it.

Johnnie R. and Opal Hutchison Zullig moved to their present home in Springhill on March 1, 1937. They are the parents of Doris M., Charles R., and John M. Doris, born March 11, 1931, is the wife of Maurice W. Breeden, and they now live on a farm northeast of Chillicothe in Rich Hill Township. Charles, born March 12, 1932, is the husband of Mary E. Gaston, and they now live on what was known as "The Moss Place" in Springhill, which is over 100 years old. John, born September 14,1937, is the husband of Shelby J. Murry, and they reside in Odessa, Missouri.

The 100-year-old home of Johnnie and Opal Hutchison Zullig is located at the southwest corner of NW ¼, NW ¼ end of Sec. 6, Twp. 58, Rg. 24, which consists of Lots 5, 6, 7, and 8, Block 3, in the original survey of the Village of Springhill. The abstract of the title is dated March 2, 1854. Since the Zullig’s have owned the home, it has been completely modernized, along with adding a basement and an addition to the back of the house. - Johnnie and Opal Zullig

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